Reconstruction:Proto-Uralic/kurke

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This Proto-Uralic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Uralic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Likely onomatopoetic, though words of similar shape are found in numerous other languages of Eurasia: compare e.g. Akkadian 𒆳𒄄𒄷 (kurku), Sumerian 𒆳𒄄𒄷 (kurki), Proto-Indo-European *gerh₂-.

Reconstruction[edit]

The reflexes show irregular phonetic variation: Finnic and Samoyedic suggest *kurke, while Samic and Mordvinic suggest *karke or *kërke. Some reshaping due to onomatopoetic reasons is likely to have been involved.

Noun[edit]

*kurke

  1. crane

Descendants[edit]

From *kurkə:

  • Samoyedic: *kərö, ? *kurə
    • Enets:
      • Tundra Enets: [Term?] (kori)
    • Nenets:
    • Selkup: [script needed] (qărá)
    • Kamassian: [script needed] (kuro)
    • Mator: [script needed] (koru), [script needed] (körüh)
  • Finnic: *kurki (see there for further descendants)

From *karke or *kërke:

References[edit]

  • Rédei, Károly (1986–88) Uralisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Uralic Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó

External links[edit]

  • Entry #245 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.