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This Proto-Uralic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Also transcribed varyingly e.g. *mïksa, *mɨkså. Some authors do not recognize the phoneme and reconstruct *maksa.



  1. liver


  • Finno-Permic:
  • Samoyedic: *mïtə
    • Nganasan: [Term?]
    • Enets:
      • Tundra Enets: [Term?] (muro)
      • Forest Enets: [Term?] (mudo)
    • Nenets:
      • Tundra Nenets: мыд (mid)
      • Forest Nenets: [script needed] (mi̮t)
    • Selkup: [script needed] (mi̮ti̮)
    • Kamassian: [script needed] (mit)
  • Ugric: [Term?]
    • Hungarian: máj
    • Khanty:
      Eastern Khanty: [script needed] (muγəl)
      Northern Khanty: [script needed] (mŏγəᴧ), [script needed] (măγəl)
    • Mansi: майт (majt)


  • Itkonen, Erkki; Kulonen, Ulla-Maija, editors (1992–2000) Suomen sanojen alkuperä [The origin of Finnish words] (in Finnish), Helsinki: Institute for the Languages of Finland/Finnish Literature Society, →ISBN
  • Janhunen, Juha. 1977. Samojedischer Wortschatz: Gemeinsamojedische Etymologien ('Samoyedic Vocabulary: Common Samoyedic Etymologies'). Castreanianumin toimitteita 17. Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura. →ISBN.

External links[edit]

  • Entry #519 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.