Reconstruction:Proto-West Germanic/impōn

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This Proto-West Germanic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-West Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Vulgar Latin *imputō (to graft) (unrelated to imputō (I reckon, attribute)), from Ancient Greek ἔμφυτος (émphutos, planted).

Verb[edit]

*impōn[1]

  1. to graft

Inflection[edit]

Class 2 weak
Infinitive *impōn
1st sg. past *impōdā
Infinitive *impōn
Genitive infin. *impōnijas
Dative infin. *impōnijē
Instrum. infin. *impōniju
Indicative Present Past
1st singular *impō *impōdā
2nd singular *impōs *impōdēs, *impōdōs
3rd singular *impōþ *impōdē, *impōdā
1st plural *impōm *impōdum
2nd plural *impōþ *impōdud
3rd plural *impōnþ *impōdun
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular *impō *impōdī
2nd singular *impōs *impōdī
3rd singular *impō *impōdī
1st plural *impōm *impōdīm
2nd plural *impōþ *impōdīd
3rd plural *impōn *impōdīn
Imperative Present
Singular *impō
Plural *impōþ
Present Past
Participle *impōndī *impōd

Descendants[edit]

  • Old English: impian
    • Middle English: ympen, impe, impen, impyn, ympe
      • English: imp
      • Scots: imp
  • Old High German: impfōn

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Donald; Taylor, Ann (2014) The Development of Old English (A Linguistic History of English; 2), Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 137: “PWGmc *impōn”