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This template introduces Japanese verb pairs like 上げる and 上がる.



  • 1: Corresponding active or transitive verb.
  • 2: Corresponding mediopassive or intransitive verb.
  • 3: Kana form of 1. Optional.
  • 4: Kana form of 2. Optional.
  • c: Kana form of causative verb. Optional.
  • ck: Kana form of c. Optional.
  • note: Footnote. Optional.