User:Sobreira/PIE-indexes 0-n

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This is an index of every use of the template {{proto}}, with reference to Proto-Indo-European, inside etymology sections.

The 4918 terms in this index were extracted from the 2012-09-20 database dump.


#-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz


Indexes[edit]

0[edit]


Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



*[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
**bʰerǵʰ-
  • fort1
**ḱāk-
**bhreg'-
  • to break1
**ḱak-
  • branch, pole1

A[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*Ans-
  • breath, spirit, deity1
  • Old English: os

H[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*(H)aim-
*Hg-
*HeHter-
  • fire1
*Heh₂m-ōr
  • Old Armenian: օր
*H(V)u-dʰ-
  • Old Armenian: օդ
*HuHdʰn-
  • udder1 2
*(H)lak-
*(H)rey-
*Hank-
  • something bent, hook1
*Heh₃-s-
*Hn̥gʷnis
*Hl̥-d-
*Hreh₃d-
  • to scrape1
*Hnʷg-
*Hyeh₂ǵ-ye/o-
  • to sacrifice1
*Host-wer-
*Hroseh₂
*Hos(d)-b(ʰ)-
*Hrewp-
  • to break1
*Hroteh₂
  • wheel1
*Hórbʰo-
*HoHmo-
  • raw, bitter1
**HoyHnos -> **óynos
*HowHdʰr-
  • Serbo-Croatian: vime
*Host-
  • bone1
*HowHdʰ-
*Hórbʰos
  • orphan1
*Hroth₂os
  • car1
*(H)iem-
  • similarity, resemblance1
*Hyeh₂ǵ-yu-
*Hrsen-
  • male1
*Hroth₂-o-
  • wheel1
*H(V)u-to-
  • to put on1

À[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*Àtos
  • father1

á[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*ánteros
  • other1
**ályos -> **h₂élyos
*álbʰos
**átta
  • father1 2

é[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
**éy, *íh₂(r), *íd(r)
  • Latin: is
  • Latvian: viens
  • Old Irish: é
  • Old Irish: é
  • Proto-Germanic: *iz
**éǵh₂, *wéy(r), *mé(r), *me(r), *éǵh₂om(r), *éǵh₂om(r)
*-éh₁-sh-
**-éye-
  • causative suffix1
*é-dō-t
**éǵh₂om -> **éǵh₂
  • Old High German: ih
**éti, *h₁éti(r)
  • Latin: et
  • Portuguese: e
  • Proto-Germanic: *idi
  • Proto-Germanic: *idi-
*é-bʰer-et
*-éye-ti
*édʰeh₁t

í[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*íh₂(r) -> **éy
  • Latin: is
  • Old Irish:
*íd(r) -> **éy
  • the1
  • Latin: is

ó[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*óykos(r) -> **óynos
  • one, single1 2
**-ós
*óy
  • he, it1
*óywos(r) -> **óynos
  • one, single1
**óynos, *óykos(r), *óywos(r), *HoyHnos(r)
*óynom déḱm̥t
*ómsos
  • shoulder1

ā[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*āt-
  • quick1
  • race, people1
*ān-
  • to notice1
  • to notice; face, mouth1 2 3 4 5
  • to face, notice1

ē[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*ē-
  • then, at that time1 2
*ēt-
*ētro-
  • quick, fast1
*ēd-
*ēt-er-
  • stomach, intestines1
*ēl-
  • awl, prong1 2

ī[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*ī-
  • ice, frost1
  • Old English: is
*-īn-

ō[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*ōpn-
*ōlen-
*ōd-
*-ōs
  • English: -s
*ōsn
*-ōd-ēs
*ōs-
*ōḱu-
  • swift1
*ōp-
  • to achieve1
*ōuyo-
  • English: ey

ū[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*ūsr-
  • aurochs1
*ūd-
  • up, over1
  • out1

ǵ[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*ǵʰewH-
  • to call, to invoke1
*ǵʰōw-
  • to pour1 2
*ǵrā-
  • grown-up, old, mature1
*ǵʰewH-
  • call, invoke1
  • Old English: god
*ǵómbʰo-
  • tooth1
*ǵʰl̥-tó-m
*ǵómbʰos
  • tooth (animate)1 2
  • tooth1 2
*ǵʰweh₁r-
*ǵen-
  • chin, jaw1 2
*ǵn̥h₁tós
  • born1
*ǵʰew-lo-
*ǵʰrzdeyom
  • bristly1
*ǵʰerk(ʷ)-
*ǵʰwel-
  • to bend1
*ǵr̥so-
*ǵombʰ-
*ǵómbʰ-
  • to pierce, gnaw through1
*ǵʰans
**ǵénh₁mn̥
  • offspring, seed1
*ǵeyǝ-
  • to sprout, shoot1
*ǵónh₁os
  • race1
*ǵʰeym-
*ǵʰel-
*ǵʰreH₁-
  • to become green, grow1
*ǵenH-
*ǵʰol-
*ǵombʰos
*ǵʰeimn̥o
*ǵʰeymeh₂
*ǵʰédos
*ǵʰim-
*ǵʰésr
*ǵʰelh₃-u̯o
  • yellow1
*ǵʰés-to-
*ǵʰel
  • to shine1
*ǵʰizd-
  • anger, agitation1
*ǵebʰ-
  • jaw, mouth1 2
  • Irish: gob
  • Scottish Gaelic: gob
*ǵʰweh₁r
*ǵʰáns
  • goose1
*ǵʰed-i̯e/o-
*ǵhēi-
  • to go1
**ǵénh₁tōr
  • parent1
*ǵʰāgʷʰ-
  • young of an animal, especially of a bird1
*ǵeys-
  • gaping, cracked1
*ǵogh-
*-ǵʰi
*ǵonwi
**ǵónu
*ǵene-
*ǵenu-
  • jaw1
  • cheek1 2
**ǵenh₁-
  • to beget, to give birth1 2
  • to bear1 2
  • to beget1 2
  • to give birth1
  • give birth1
  • to produce1
**ǵnḗh₃s-
*ǵénus
  • chin, jaw1 2 3
*ǵlaktós
*ǵnē-
  • to know, recognise1
  • to give birth, be born1
*ǵʰerdʰ-
  • to grasp, take cover, gird1
  • court, yard1
*ǵʰyis-
  • bewildered, frightened1
*ǵʰéy-mn̥-
*ǵm̥bʰ-
*ǵenə-
*ǵʰreh₁-
  • to grow1
*ǵʰorn-
**ǵerh₂-
*ǵénh₁tis
*ǵera-
*ǵʰe
  • Ancient Greek: γε
**ǵéwstus
  • to enjoy, taste1
*ǵʰrerə-
  • to grow, become green1
*ǵhengh-
  • to stride, step1
*ǵʰerg(ʷ)-
  • fork1
*ǵʰes-
**ǵenh₃- -> **ǵneh₃-
**ǵʰwer-
  • wild animal1
*ǵl̥-
*ǵʰō-
  • behind; after; for1
  • Old Armenian: զ-
*ǵʰoros
**ǵneh₃-, *ǵenh₃-(r)
*ǵʰers-
*ǵʰengʰ-
  • to step, walk1 2
  • to walk, step1
*ǵab-
*ǵegh-
  • branch, stake, bush1
*ǵʰyem-
*ǵe
  • Ancient Greek: γε
*ǵneH₃-
*ǵʰéd-
*ǵār-
  • voice, exclamation1 2
*-ǵt-
**ǵʰortós
*ǵénh₁-
*ǵʰeu-
  • fish1
*ǵenətlo-
*ǵʰalg-
  • long switch, rod, shaft, pole, perch1
*ǵnéwo-
*ǵʰēy(w)-
*ǵʰi̯ém-
**ǵʰutós
  • invoked; poured, libated1
  • invoked [one]1
*ǵnō-
**ǵnéh₃-
*-ǵʰe
*ǵʰī-
  • to yawn, gape1
*ǵenǝ-
**ǵn̥h₃ské-
*ǵers-
  • to twist; to plait things from flexible twigs1
**ǵenh₁tóm -> **ǵenh₁tós
  • that which is produced, that which is given birth to1
**ǵʰer-
  • intestine1
  • tharm, guts, intestines1
  • to scratch1 2
  • to enclose1 2
  • tharm, gut, intestine1
  • bowel, intestine1
  • to beam, to shine, to glitter1
  • catch1
*ǵʰeizd-
*ǵʰiyōm
*ǵʰyāw-
  • to yawn, gape1
*ǵʰĺ̥tom
*ǵʰers
*ǵʰew-
**ǵénh₁os
  • race1 2 3 4
  • birth; race1
*ǵʰans-
  • goose1 2
*ǵeme-
**ǵr̥h₂nóm
  • grain1 2
*ǵnā(w)-
*ǵʰey-
  • to propel, move, spin1
*ǵʰisd-
  • anger, agitation1
*-ǵʰey
*ǵenHw-
*ǵʰr̥s
**ǵn̥néh₃-
*ǵʰēr-
**ǵews-
  • to choose, taste1
  • to taste, choose, enjoy1
  • to choose1 2 3 4
  • taste, choose1
*ǵh₂lōw-
*ǵoy-ǵl̥-
*ǵʰm̥may
*ǵeb-
  • to look after1 2
*ǵʰesr-
  • hand1
*ǵʰēh₁-
  • to leave1
  • English: go
*ǵlákts
  • milk1
*ǵʰalgʰ-
*ǵno-
  • to know1 2
**ǵenh₁tós, *ǵenh₁tóm(r)
*ǵʰalgʰo
  • slat1
*ǵʰelHwos
  • yellow1 2
*ǵʰeysd-
*ǵʰloū-
*ǵōnwi
*ǵʰēyos
  • Old Armenian: ձի
*ǵónu-
*ǵēbh-
**ǵembʰ-
  • tooth, nail; to pierce, gnaw through1
*ǵhlendh-
  • show, shine1 2

ə[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*ənət-

ь[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*-ьro-

[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*ḱlewst-
**ḱḗr, *ḱerd-(r)
*ḱormo-
  • suffering, pain1 2 3
*ḱul-
*ḱera(w)-
*ḱeh₁mós
  • black, dark1
*ḱēw-
*ḱi-
  • this1
  • Old Armenian:
*ḱes-
  • to scratch, comb1 2
*ḱik-
*ḱēl-
*ḱiker
*ḱelb-
*ḱel-yo-m
*ḱlusr-
*ḱwen-
*ḱuk-
*ḱera-
*ḱoyker-
*ḱeyw-
**ḱlew-
*ḱret-
*ḱers-
*ḱlewe-
**ḱley-
*ḱam-
  • cover, shroud, clothes1
  • cover, clothes1 2 3 4
  • part of a harness1
*ḱapros
  • male hooved animal1
*ḱrā-
  • to mix, stir, cook1 2 3
*ḱom
  • Serbo-Croatian: s
  • Serbo-Croatian: с
*ḱwn̥tós
*ḱaup-
*ḱēy(w)-
*ḱent-
*ḱād-
  • strong emotion1 2
*ḱóymos
  • village, home1 2
*ḱonk-
*ḱswel-
*ḱeyro-
*ḱeh₂dos
*ḱóm
  • beside, by, with, along1
  • next to, at, with, along1
*ḱeh₃i-
*ḱeyker-
*ḱors-
  • to run, hurry1
*ḱlu-
*ḱiHwon-
*ḱoipos
**ḱm̥tóm, *dḱm̥tóm(r)
*ḱred dʰeh₁-
  • to place one's heart, i.e. to trust, believe1 2
*ḱwā-
  • to swell, spread out, be strong, prevail1
*ḱ(o)nid-
*ḱal(w)e-
*ḱak-
*ḱemen-
  • sky, cloud1
*ḱokHo-
*ḱem-
  • hornless1 2 3
*ḱleywo-
*ḱerdʰo-
**ḱerd- -> **ḱḗr
*ḱówhₓ-
*ḱeygʰ-
  • to jump; lively, brisk1
*ḱerberó-
  • piebald1
*ḱelp-
*ḱenHis
  • Albanian: hi
**ḱad-
*ḱiker-
  • pea1
*ḱiesdʰ-
  • to drive away; to go away1 2
*ḱís
*ḱrh₂esn
*ḱóyno-
**ḱwṓ
*ḱr̥-
*ḱemer-
  • stone, cloud, sky1
*ḱóuhₓwos
*ḱeu-
*ḱl-
*ḱʷn̥tós
*ḱléwmn̥
  • hearing1
*ḱoph₂ós
*ḱrh₃-mo-
*ḱorkeh-
  • gravel, boulder1 2 3
*ḱr̥h₂ós
*ḱeym-
  • relative, tribesman1 2
  • village, home1
*ḱerdʰeh₂
*ḱl̥-n-u-
*ḱoru
  • horn1
*ḱr̥d-
*ḱeras-
*ḱweyt-
*ḱon-
  • shell1
*ḱyē(w)-
  • grey1 2 3
  • grey, dark1
*ḱara-
*ḱupos
  • Albanian: sup
*ḱeh₂d-
  • hate1
*ḱerǝs-
  • hornet1
*ḱerh₂
*ḱómsōd
  • union, gathering1
*ḱei-
  • to lie with, store, be familiar1 2
  • be located; camp, settlement; friendly; from the same home1
**ḱléwos
*ḱel(w)e-
*ḱerh₂-
*ḱeh₁wós
  • black, dark1
*ḱrās-
*ḱsewl-
*ḱe-
  • English: he
  • English: hen
  • English: his
  • English: it
*ḱórh₂sr̥
*ḱwn-i-
*ḱwey-
  • to hiss, whistle, whisper1 2 3
  • to hiss, to whistle, to whisper1
*ḱalh₂mos
*ḱāk-
*ḱyīno-
*ḱen-
  • to set oneself in motion, arise1
*ḱóm-
  • next to, at, with, along1
  • Portuguese: com
*ḱer
*ḱəs-
  • to lead, teach, educate1 2
*ḱʷṓ
  • dog1
*ḱapr̥
  • penis1
*ḱóuHos
*ḱanḱest-
*ḱwenHdʰ-
*ḱens-
  • to speak in a florid, solemn style, attest, witness1 2
*ḱówhₓwos
  • cavity1
*ḱesn-
*ḱweys-
*ḱey-
  • this, here1 2 3
  • this1
  • to lie down, settle; home, family; love; beloved1 2 3 4
  • to lie, settle1 2
  • to lie with, store, be familiar1
*ḱḗrdi-
*ḱrapo-
  • roof1
*ḱr̥sos
  • horse1
*ḱowros
*ḱawā
  • crying1
*ḱəsti-
*ḱArm-
  • shame, harm1
*-ḱos
*ḱlur-
*ḱléwtrom
  • means of hearing1
*ḱelnā
*ḱwap-
  • merchant1 2
*ḱel-
  • to hide, protect1
  • to cover1 2 3 4
  • to freeze, become cold1
  • to incline1 2
  • to cover, hide1
  • to cover, hide, conceal1
  • to hide, conceal1
  • cold1
  • warm, cold1
  • to cover, to hide1
*ḱeu̯bh₂-
*ḱripo-
  • head or facial hair1
*ḱols-
  • neck1
*ḱoinom
*ḱrū-
*ḱlews-
  • temple of the forehead, cheek1 2
*ḱeh₂r-
*ḱlus-
*ḱrot(H)-
*ḱerǝm-
  • weasel1
*ḱr̥-ti-
**ḱer-, *k̑r̥nom(r), *ḱern-(r), *k̑er-(r)
*ḱēu-
*ḱōro-
*ḱr̥h₂s-Hon-
*ḱumbʰ-
*ḱl̥nu-
*ḱās-
*ḱormon
*ḱsew-
*ḱewk-
  • white1
*ḱr̥nom
*ḱlewtos
  • heard, famous1
*ḱlutos
  • famous, renowned", literally "heard1 2
*ḱlíto
  • post, trimmed log1
*ḱweytos
  • to shine1
*ḱal-
*ḱlusti
*ḱō-
  • to sharpen1 2

[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*ṇdʰreh₃kʷó-
  • that which is below1

A[edit]


Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



a[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*au-
  • to like, to help1 2
*awek-
  • to increase1
*ak-
  • sharp, pointed1 2
  • Faroese: egg
  • Icelandic: egg
  • Old English: æx
*auǵ-
*(a)sprāg-
  • sprout1
*akʷ
*am-a-
*arə-
  • to plough1
*apotero
  • further behind, further away1
*(a)mē-
  • to mow1
*ayǝs-
  • to look for, seek1
  • to look for1
*aid-
*ag(')h-
  • to frighten1
*arəm-
  • English: arm
  • Middle English: arm
  • Scots: arm
*ano
  • on1
*-anto-
*aw-
  • to water, wet, moisten, flood1
  • flood; to water, wet, moisten1
*ais-
  • to honour, respect, revere1 2
*antjos
*agʰ-
  • to lead1 2
  • to be depressed, afraid1
  • to frighten1
*alg-
*ane-
  • to breathe, blow1 2 3 4
*anew
*atta
  • mother1
*aǵ-
**albʰós
  • white1 2
*ak-yā-
*arkw-
*aut(i)o-
  • forlorn, deserted1
*(a)gʷhemb-
  • to hop, jump, frisk1
*alis-
*awa(n)-
*(a)d-sḱ-
  • Old Armenian: ց-
*akw-
  • water1
*(a)mewǝ-
*arǵ-
  • glittering, white1
*agos-
  • fault, guilt, sin1
  • Old English: ece
*aǵʰ-
*anti
  • across, forth1
*anta
*amǵʰ-
  • narrow, tied together1
*ant-
  • forehead, end, limit1
  • forehead, foreside, end, limit1
  • front, forehead1 2
*aḱ-
  • sharp1 2 3
  • sharp, pointed, edgy1 2
  • sharp, pointed1
*am-
  • mother, aunt1
  • to fill1
*awos
  • Old English: eam
*altós
*anǝt-
*aus-
  • to shine1
  • eastern1
*ad
  • to, by1 2
  • to, near, by1
*ar
*at
  • and, but1
*ang-
  • corner, hirn1 2
*al-
  • to burn1 2 3
  • all1 2 3 4
  • to grind1
  • to grow1
  • grow, nourish1
  • other1
  • to raise, feed1
  • to shine, to light1
*ar-mo-
*albʰe(n)d-
*ablu-
*ank-
*awos-
  • grandfather1
*aydʰos-
*alb-
  • mountain1
  • Old High German: alba
*austero-
  • eastern1
*arkʷ-
*angh-
  • water-worm, eel1
  • tight, painfully constricted1 2 3
*awis
*akso-
*abō-
*aw(e)-
  • down, away, from1
*ano-
*aidʰ-
  • to burn1
*ar-
  • to fit together1
*aidh-
  • to burn, shine1
*-as-tar-
*ambʰi
  • by, around1 2
  • around1 2
*alǵ-
  • to be dirty, be slimy; frog; duckweed1
*ambʰi-
*aweg-
  • to increase1
*al-al-
  • to shout1
*al-al-ag-eh₂-
  • shouting1
*ag-
  • sin, crime1 2
**antios -> **h₂entíos
*awǝ-
  • to long for, wish for1
*auw-
*ares-
  • to be angry, lose one's temper1
*antero-
  • other1
*abel-
*apo
*ap-
  • from, off1
*apó
  • English: ebb
  • Proto-Germanic: *ab
*aim-
*alut-
*audʰ-
*armo-
*au-2
  • spend night, sleep1
*aiem-
*azgy-
*(a)rēy-
  • to regulate, count1 2
  • to customise, regulate, order, count, add1 2
*altos
*awe-
  • to blow1
*abl-
*aut-
  • empty, lonely1 2
*(a)sp(h)arag-
*apo-
  • away, from1 2
  • off, away1 2
  • off, behind1
*ages-
  • Old English: ece
*ad-
**h₂ekʷeh₂
  • water1 2 3
  • water, flowing water1 2 3 4 5
*arəw-ns-
*aḱs-

B[edit]


Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



b[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*bʰeyH-
*bʰeh₂ǵos
*bʰleh₃-s-
*bʰlou-/bʰleu-
*bʰreus-
  • to swell1 2
  • to swell, blow, inflate1
*bhelǵ-
  • beam, pile, prop1
*bʰerəḱ-
**bʰuH-
*bʰeudʰ-
  • to wake, rise up1
*bʰel
*bʰrgʰ-
  • fortified elevation1 2
*bhlē-dh-
*bhug̑-
*bʰreh₁g-
*bhars-
*bʰágo-
*bheh₂-mā-
*bʰerǵʰ-
  • to take care of, protect, preserve1
  • to take care1
  • to protect, preserve1
  • height1 2 3 4
*bhas-
  • to bind1
*bhūgh-
  • to bend1 2
*bheredh-
  • to cut1
*bʰaḱeh₂
*bʰor-
  • to protrude; bristle, spike, tip, awn1
*bʰoldʰyo-
*bʰū-
  • to appear, become, rise up1
  • to grow, swell1
  • to swell, wax, grow1
*bheid-
  • to strike, push, shock1
  • to split1 2 3
  • to break, bite1
  • to break, split1
**bʰer-, *bher-(r)
  • brown1
  • brown, shining1 2 3 4
  • brown animal1
  • to rip, cut, split, grate1
  • bʰēr-1
  • to boil, seethe1
  • to bear, bring forth1
  • to bear, carry1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
  • to rend, tear, cut, split1 2
  • to bore, pierce1 2 3 4 5
  • to scrape, to cut1
**bʰuH-
  • to become1 2
*bhou-
  • to grow, swell1 2
  • Old English: buc
  • Old English: bucc
*bherem-
  • protrusion, tip, edge1
*bhrē-
  • to carry, transport1
**bʰewdʰ-
*bhelg'-
  • thick plank, beam, pile, prop1 2 3
  • beam, pile, prop1 2 3
*bʰr̥tis
  • the act of carrying1
*bʰoso-
*bérg(ʷ)-os
  • unfriendly1
*bʰreHg
*bʰrē-
  • to carry1
  • to bear1 2 3
  • to carry, transport1
  • to carry, bear1 2
*bʰreuh₁-
*bheus-
  • dross, sediment, brewer's yeast1
*bʰr̥ǵʰn̥tih₂
*bʰudʰ-mn
*bʰerw-
*bhri-s-
*bʰāos
*bhōw-
  • to blow, swell1
  • to dwell1 2
  • to swell, be strong or numerous1
  • to swell, grow, thrive, be, live, dwell1 2
*būs-
  • to swell, stuff1
*bʰik-
*bʰoyǝ-
  • to frighten, be afraid1 2
*bʰrodʰos
*bhelyō
*bus-
*bhau-
  • to beat, strike, hew1
*bak
*bowokyo-
*baba-
  • to talk vaguely, mumble1 2 3
*bʰeHw-
  • to swell, puff1
*bʰr̥Hǵós
*bʰérus
*bʰlh̥₃oto
*bau-
  • to bark1
*bhle-
  • to swell, blow up1 2
*bʰer-mn
*bʰelǵʰ-
  • to swell1
*bʰr̥-ti-
*bʰereg-
*bʰergʰ
  • height1 2
*bholyo-
*bleh₃-
  • to bloom, to flower1
*bhrgh
  • fortified elevation1
*bʰruHg
*bhAd-
*bholn-
*bʰreu-
  • shining, brown1
*bhreue-
  • to boil, bubble, burn1
*bhreus-
  • to swell, sprout1 2
*bherw-
*bʰelH-
  • white1
*be-bʰro-s
*bʰreh₁u-
*bʰÀu-
  • to beat, push, strike1
*-bʰor-
*bhudhn-
  • earth, bottom1 2
**bʰerǵʰ-
  • to hide, protect1
  • to become high, rise, elevate1
  • high1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  • to rise1
  • fortified elevation1
  • fort1 2 3 4
*bʰeyd-
  • to break, split1
  • to split1
*bhAud-
*bʰeud-
  • to beat, push1
*bʰoik-
*bamb-
  • round object1
*bhreg'-
  • to break1
*bhreǵ-
  • to break1
*bhōg-
*bhēǵh-
*baitā-
  • woolen clothes1 2
**bʰuH-
  • to grow1
*bhl-
*bhAg-
  • back, buttocks1 2
*bʰrenu-
  • to burn1 2
  • burn, fire1 2
*bʰerno-
*bhrag'-
*bak-
  • club, pointed stick, peg1
*bhabh-
  • bean1
*bhlo-to-
  • to gush, spurt1 2
*bheug-
  • to bend1
*b(e)lad-
  • to strike, beat1
*beu-
*bʰ(o)h₁g-
  • to bake1 2
*bʰrēto-
  • exhalation from heat; steam1
*bhendh-
  • to tie, bind1
  • to bind, tie1
  • to tie1 2
*bʰleh₃
  • to thrive, bloom1
  • to bloom1
*-bʰi
**bʰuH-
*bhā-
  • to say, speak1 2 3
  • to say, pronounce1
*bʰāt-
  • father, (elder) brother1
  • father, elder brother, brother1
*bhAuǵ-
  • a kind of leaf-bearing tree1
*bʰi-
  • on, toward, from, by1 2 3 4 5
*bhask-
  • to bind, bundle1 2
*bʰudʰ-mn̥-
  • bottom1
*bʰolǵʰ-
*bʰenǵʰ-
  • thick1
  • thick, dense, fat1 2 3
*bʰeh₂os
  • utterance, saying1
*bhī-
  • Old English: beo
  • Old Saxon: bia
*bheg-
  • to turn, curve, bend, bow1 2
*bhulg'-
*bʰreyH-
*bholǵʰ-
  • leathern bag, pillow, mattress, paunch1
*bʰrewr
*bʰeg-
  • to break1
*bʰel-
  • to inflate, swell1
  • light, bright1 2 3
  • to sound, roar1
  • to gleam1
  • to sound, speak1
  • to shine1 2
  • to bloom1 2 3
  • light, bright.1 2
  • to thrive, bloom1
  • to blow, grow, swell1 2
  • to blow, swell1
  • wildcat1 2 3
*bhaw-
*budno-
  • a kind of vessel, swelled-out shape; to swell1
*bʰres-
  • to crack, break, burst1
  • to burst, break, crack, split, separate1
*beus-
*bʰolH
*bʰodʰ-
  • plot, patch of ground1
*bʰedʰros
*bʰudʰ-
  • to (be) awake1 2
*bhrūn-
  • grey, brown1 2 3 4
*bʰes-
  • to rub off, grind, sprinkle1 2 3
*bʰol-
  • to sound, to speak, to roar, to bark1
  • shiny, white1
*bheugh-
  • to take away, deliver1
*bʰōg-
  • to roast, bake1
*bʰeh₂go-
*bʰredʰe
*bʰr̥stís
*bhlō(w)-
  • to thrive, flourish, bloom1 2
*bʰr̥dʰo
*bʰera-
  • to split, beat, hew, struggle1
  • to cut, scratch, split, rub, beat, hew, struggle1
*bʰéng̑ʰus
  • thick, dense, fat1
*bheh₂-
  • to speak1 2
*bʰlewas
  • light-coloured, blond, yellow1
*bhlēw-
*bʰlews-
  • Serbo-Croatian: buha
*bʰérh₁ǵo-
*bhrēḱ-
*bʰlē-
  • to inflate, swell1
*bʰendʰ-
  • bind1
  • to bind1
  • to tie, bind1 2 3 4
  • to tie1
*bʰolǵʰnis
*bheyə-
*bhlaw-
  • weak, frightened1
  • frightened, weak1
*bhreg-
  • to break1
*bʰosó
*bak(')-
  • pointed stick, peg1
*b(e)led-
  • to strike, beat1 2
*brAngh-
  • to press, squeeze1
*bʰog-
  • flowing water1 2
  • flowing water, brook, stream1
  • flowing water, stream1
*budn-
  • a type of vessel1
  • a kind of vessel1 2
*bʰa-bʰa-
*bʰerHǵ-o-
*bʰérHǵos
*bʰōl-
*bhuǵ-
  • he-goat, ram1
*bʰÀud-
  • to beat, push1 2 3
*bʰorH-h₂
  • hole1
*bhel-
  • to inflate, swell1 2
  • to blow, inflate, swell, bubble1 2
  • to blow, to inflate, to swell1
  • to gleam1
  • to shine, be white1
  • to swell, inflate, blow1
  • to thrive, bloom1 2 3 4 5 6
  • to shine1 2
  • to blow, swell, inflate1 2 3
  • to blow, inflate, swell1
  • to swell, blow up1
*bʰre-
  • to break, crack1 2
*bʰrh₁ǵ-
*bʰeu-
  • to hit1 2
  • to swell, grow1
*bhasḱ-
*bheh₁g̑ós
  • beech1
*bhēgh-
  • to press, compel1
*bʰūgʰ-
  • to bend1 2
*bhela-
  • light, bright1
*bʰerHǵeh₂
*bʰleh₃-
*bud-
  • to swell1
  • to shoot, sprout1
*bhl̥no
*bʰəgʰ-
*bʰudʰ-no-
*bʰərgʰ-
  • fortified elevation1 2 3 4 5 6
*bʰōw-
  • to swell, inflate1
  • to blow, swell1 2 3 4
  • to dwell1
*breme-
  • to hum, make a noise1
*bhrū
*bʰiH-ti̯o
*bʰrem(e)-
*bʰeǵʰ-
*bhlē-
  • to bloat, swell, bubble1
*bʰegʷ-
*bʰask-
*bheh₂mā-
*bheH₂-
  • to speak, say, tell1
*bheh₂-d₂l-ieh₂-
*bʰudʰno-
*bʰeh₂ni-
*bhrew-
  • to heat, boil, brew1
  • to boil, seethe1 2 3 4 5
*bʰeid-
  • to cleave, split, separate1 2
  • to split1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
*bʰeidʰ-
  • to weave, bind1
*bʰeh₂g-
  • to distribute, allot1 2
*bʰAuǵ-
*bʰug-
  • ram1
*bʰēdʰ-
*bʰerǵʰ-
  • to protect, defend, save, preserve1
  • to protect, secure1
  • to shelter, protect, save, preserve1
  • to take care1 2 3
*bʰasḱ-
  • bundle1
*brodno-
  • to wander about1
*bʰeh₂u-
  • to be, become1
*bʰardʰ-
*bʰr̥ǵʰu-r-
*bharst-
  • prickle, thorn, scale1 2
*bhlo-
  • to blossom, flourish1 2 3
*bʰruH
*bʰosós
*bʰī-
  • bee1
*bend-
  • pointed peg, nail, edge1
  • peg, tip, protruding point, edge1
*bʰerem-
*bhā
  • shine1
  • Scottish Gaelic: bàn
*bhud-
*bʰer(ə)ǵ-
  • birch tree1
*bʰewh₂-
*bhelg-
  • beam, plank1 2 3
*bha-
*bhlōw-
**bʰuH-, *bʰew-(r), *bhu-(r), *bʰuh₂-(r), *bʰeuH-(r)
  • to become, to grow, to appear1
  • to be1
  • to appear, become, rise up1 2 3
  • to become1 2
*bʰeikos
*bʰordʰeh₂
*bhudhm-
  • earth, bottom1 2
*bʰrēw-
  • wooden flooring, decking, bridge
1
**bʰruHg-
  • enjoy1
  • to use, enjoy1
  • to make use of1
  • to enjoy1
*balbal-
  • tongue-tied1
*bʰrendos
  • Albanian: bri
*bhū
  • to grow1
*bʰreHi-
*bʰleu-
*bʰili-
  • harmonious, friendly1
*bʰn̥ǵʰu-
*bʰedʰ-
  • dig1
*bʰṛgʰ-
  • hill, mound1
*bhugo
  • buck1
*bʰleg-
  • to shine1 2
*bʰruHg-
  • to use, enjoy1 2
  • to make use of, to have enjoyment of1 2 3 4 5
*bel-
  • to dig1
  • power, strength1 2 3 4
*bʰuH-l-
*bews-
  • dross, sediment, brewer's yeast1
*bʰōs-
  • light, brightness1
*bʰeh₂ǵós
*bherH-
*bʰebʰris
*bureue-
  • to boil, bubble, burn1
*bhAl(w)-
  • illness, pain1
*bhn̥dh-s-
*buk-
*bhrēuā
*bʰago
*bhil-
  • decent, good1
  • decent, good, harmonious, friendly1
*bʰl(e)h₁uos
*bʰow-
  • pit, hole1
*bu
**bʰuH-
  • to swell1
  • to become, be1 2
  • to exist, grow1
  • to be, become, appear1
  • to grow, become, appear1 2 3
  • to grow1
  • to blow, swell1
  • to grow, become, come into being, appear1 2 3
*bhréi-
  • to cut, break1 2
*bʰardʰeh₂
*bʰeh₂-s-ri-
*bʰl̥ndʰ-
*bhleu-
  • light, pleasant, fair (of weather)1
*bʰergo-
*bhei-
  • to hit, beat1 2 3
*bhagos-
*bhre-
  • to burn, heat1
*bʰa-
  • to speak1
  • to say1
*bhlāw-
  • yellow, grey, blue1 2
*bʰēgʰ-
*bʰoidʰ-
*bʰoh₂go-
*bhAl-
  • to blow, inflate1
*bʰerH-
  • to pierce, strike1 2 3
*bʰāǵʰus
*brodnó-
*bʰoHu-
*bheudh-
  • to be awake, observe1
*bʰoyh₂-
  • to be frightened1 2
*bʰruh-
  • beam, bridge1
**bʰéreti
*bʰeh₂-
*bʰloh₃ro
*bhūs-
  • to move quickly1 2
*bʰeregʰ-
  • high, elevated1
*bhlendh-
  • to become turbid, see badly, be blind1
*bʰweH-t-
*bʰēlH-
*bʰōrH-n-
**bʰréh₂tēr
*bʰrHǵ-
  • birch1
*bhū-
  • to grow, wax, swell, live, dwell1
  • to grow, swell1 2
  • to grow1 2 3 4
*bhṛsti̯o-
*bʰēlHos
*bhlAid-
  • pale, pallid1 2 3
**bʰewdʰ-(r)
  • to wake, rise up1
  • to be awake, fully perceive1
  • to be aware, comprehend1
  • to be awake, be aware, perceive adequately1
  • to comprehend, make aware1 2 3
  • to make aware1 2
  • to be awake, perceive fully1 2 3 4 5 6 7
*bʰébʰrus
  • beaver1
*bhleg-
*bhrest-
  • to separate, burst1 2 3
*bhlei-
*bʰoydʰ-
*bʰar-
*bheidh-
  • persuade, agree1
*bʰereǵ-
*bʰrug-
  • fruit1
*bʰōr-
*bōul-
  • orb, round object, bubble1
  • bubble, round object1
  • round object, bubble1
*bʰeh-
  • to shine1 2 3
*bʰlH-i-
*bʰuHgos
*bʰardʰ-eh₂
*bhlī-
  • light, pleasant, nice (of weather)1
*bhrēǵ-
  • to shine1
*bʰṛkjō
*bʰr̥ǵʰs
*bhe-
*bʰereu-
*breun-
*bʰōgʰ-
*bhlēdh-
*bul-
  • to swell1
*bʰā-
  • to say, speak1
  • to shine1 2
  • to say1 2
*bʰeydʰ-
  • to command, to persuade, to trust1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
**bʰer-
  • to boil up1
  • to carry1
  • shining, brown1 2 3 4
  • shining1
*bʰeyh₂-
  • to fear1
*bʰews-
  • dross, sediment, brewer's yeast1
  • dross, sediment1
*bal-
  • to shake, to dance1
*bʰrusdʰos
*bʰrǵʰ-ent-
  • high1
*bʰei-
*bʰAd-
  • good1
*bʰreud-
  • to break1
*bhodhHros
*balb-
*bʰidʰ-
  • to command1 2 3
  • pot, bucket, barrel1
*bolgʷ-
**bʰluseh₂ -> **plúsis
*bʰāni-
*bheu-
*bhergh2-
  • high, heights1
*bʰlendʰ-
  • to become turbid, see badly, go blind1 2
  • blond, red-haired1 2
*bʰenǵʰ
*bʰerh2/3
  • to hurry1
*bhraǵ-
*bʰh₂ti-
*brust
*be-bʰru-s
*bu-
  • to make a dull, hollow sound1
  • to make a dull sound1 2 3
*bʰardʰ-eh₂-
  • beard1 2
*bʰlēw-
  • yellow, blond, grey1 2
*bʰag-
*bʰleyǵ-
*bʰlō-
*bhol-
  • to flower; leaf1 2 3
*bʰol-yo-
*bʰlaw-
  • weak, frightened, timid1 2
*bhebhrus
  • beaver1 2

C[edit]


Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



c[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*cl̥nāmi

D[edit]


Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



d[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*del-
  • to aim, calculate, adjust, count1
  • to count, reckon, aim, calculate, adjust1
  • to split, carve, cut1
  • to reckon, count1 2
  • to aim, calculate, adjust, reckon1
  • to reckon, calculate1
  • to cleave, cut, work on timber1 2
*derk
*dēy-
*dréus
  • Albanian: dru
*dʰrei-
*der-
  • to flay, split1
  • to split, flay1
  • to tear, to pluck, to slice1
*dʰel-
  • an arch, vaulting, curve, curvature, cavity1 2 3
*dʰal-
*dr̥ḱti
*dʰḙiə-
  • to show1
*dʰ(e)h₁s-
*dʰeb-
*dʰegʷhris
**deh₃-, *dorom(r)
*derḱ-
*duwo-
  • two1
*drā-
  • to run, escape1 2 3
*druh₂o
  • Albanian: dru
*dhg'həmo-
*dwi(h₁)dḱm̥ti(h₁)
  • two tens, two decades1
*dl̥k-s-ḱu-
*dʰegʷh-
  • to burn1
*dheubh-
  • to whisk, be obscured1
  • to whisk, whirl, smoke, be obscure1
  • smoke, mist, -> daze, stupefaction1
*dhūs
*dhagho-
  • shining1 2
*dīpəro-
*dou-
  • to worship1
*dʰAǵʰ-
  • day1
*dʰeh₁(y)-
  • to suck1 2 3
  • to suck, suckle1 2 3
**dʰer-
  • to hold1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  • cloudy, dirty, muddy1
  • dull, dirty1
  • to hold, to support1
*dʰwÁs-
*dʰew-
  • to dim, dull, cloud, make obscure, swirl, whirl1
  • to dwindle, die1
*dʰh₁ti-
*dey-
  • to shine1
*dhal-
*dʰautós
*dʰǵʰu-
*dhūw-
  • to smoke, raise dust1 2 3
  • to smoke, fume, raise dust1 2
  • to smoke, raise dust, camouflage1
*do-
  • Polish: do
  • Serbo-Croatian: do
  • Serbo-Croatian: до
*dʰanw-
*dapni-
  • sacrifice1
**dʰeh₁-
  • to put, place, set1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
  • to suck, suckle1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  • to put, do1
  • to put, place, do, make1
  • to place, set, put1
  • to make, do, place1
  • to put, set, place1
  • to do, put, place1
  • to put, place, do1
  • to set, put, stell, lay1
*derk-
  • to see, behold, observe, notice1
*dʰédʰh₁i
*drū-
  • to be firm, be solid1
  • tree1
*do
  • English: to
  • Old English: to
  • Proto-Germanic: *ta
  • Proto-Germanic: *tō
*de
  • English: to
  • Old English: to
*dreu-
  • firm, solid, steadfast1
*dhē-
  • to make, do1
*dyeu-
*dhwey-
  • to die1
*dheigʷ
  • to stick, set up1 2
*dʰeub-no
*deh₂mos
*dʰōwb-
  • deep, hollow1
**dʰéh₁-
*dlegh-
*dʰail-
  • part, watershed1 2 3
*dʰēy-
  • to suckle, nurse1 2 3
  • to suck (milk), to suckle1
  • to suck, suckle1
  • to suck milk; to suckle1
*dhur-
*deiǵe-
*dīt-
  • Old Armenian: տի
  • Old English: tid
*dʰeubos
  • Albanian: det
*deikō
*duwó(r) -> **dwóh₁
*dʰurotel
*dih₁-
*dʰe-
  • to set, place1 2
*dʰowb-
*démh₂-
*dáḱru-
  • tear1
  • tears1
*dem-h₂-
  • to domesticate, tame1 2
*dʰéwbus
  • deep1
*dʰóh₁mos
  • thing put1
*duwo
*deik'e-
*dǵhyes-
  • yesterday1
*dʰeh₁y-
  • to suck, suckle1
*dhen-
  • to beat, push1
*dʰewsóm
*dʰoubʰos
*dʰen-
  • to beat, push1
  • flat surface, board, sheet, area, palm of the hand1 2
*dʰreibʰ-
  • to drive, push1 2
*-dʰro-
  • suffix forming instrument nouns1
*dheuk-
*dʰǵʰm̥mō
*dhalk-
*dʰeu-
  • to flow, run1
  • to fly, shake, reek, steam, smolder1
  • to run, flow1 2 3 4
  • to dwindle, die1
*dh₁g-
  • to touch1
**dédeh₃-
**dwóh₁, *dwó(r), *dwóy(h₁)(r), *dwṓw(r), *duwó(r), *duwéh₃(r)
*derwu-
  • to tear, wrap, reap1
*dr̥ḱ-h₂eḱru-
*dʰeubʰ-
  • to whisk, smoke, darken, obscure1 2
  • to whisk, smoke, be obscure1
*di̯ēus
**déms pótis
  • master of the house1
**dʰéǵʰōm
*dʰewb-
  • deep1
  • deep, hollow1 2
*drāb-
*deywós
  • god1
  • god/that which belongs to heaven1
  • god, the celestial one1 2 3
*dheughe-
  • to be noteful, be sufficient1 2
  • to be ready, be sufficient1
*dʰur
*dyewós
  • god1
*dʰembʰ-
  • to dig1 2
*dʰAilom
*dḷkú-
  • sweet1 2
*derbh-
  • to tie together, weave1
*dhereugh-
  • to hold fast1 2
*dows-
  • forearm1 2
*dāy-
  • to divide, split, part, section1 2
  • to divide, part1
  • to separate, divide1 2
  • to divide, split, section, part, separate1
  • to divide, split, part, separate1
  • to divide, separate1
*dʰówtus
*dhes-
*drAuk-
*deyḱe-
  • to show, point out, declare, tell1
  • to show, instruct, teach1
  • to show, instruct, tell1
*dok̑-lo-
*deyǵe-
*dʰers-
*deig'-
  • to show1 2
*di̯ḗus
  • sky; sky-god1
*dhouk-
  • to be hidden1
*dul-
  • to shake, hesitate1
*deik-
  • to show, guide, tell1
*dwisnós
*dwi-
  • to fear1
*dʰreu-
*dheub-
  • deep1
*deyḱ-e-
  • to show, point out1 2 3 4 5
*dʰeh₁i-
*dwis
*dʰayl-
*dʰol-
*deḱs
*duis
  • twice1
*dʰwōreh₂
*deḱ-
  • to take1
*deu-
  • to injure, destroy, burn1 2
*dhelbh-
*dʰreybʰ-
  • to drive, push1
*dewǝ-
  • to tie to, secure1 2 3
*dher-
  • to hold, hold fast, support1 2 3 4 5
*dʰǵʰemelo-
*dwóy(h₁)(r) -> **dwóh₁
  • Tocharian A: we
  • Tocharian B: wi
*dʰabʰ-
  • appropriate, good, fitting1
  • to fashion, to fit1
  • to pass, happen, occur, fit1
  • to fashion, fit1
*dʰewbʰ-
*díks
*dʰrAugʰ-
*dʰreǵ-
  • to pull, drag, scratch1
*dhengh-
  • to cover1 2
  • to cover; covering1
*deh₃rom
  • gift1
*dlh₁gʰó-
*dʰrewgʰ-
**dṓm, *dómh₂os(r), *dómos(r)
  • house1 2 3
  • a house1
*dwóu
  • two (masc.)1
*dʰreugʰ-
  • to deceive1
  • to deceive, injure, damage1 2
*dʰeh₁-l-
*dʰengw-
  • to smoke, fume1 2
*dʰer-mo-s
  • holding1 2
*demh₂-
*dar-
  • to tear, to split1
*dorbh-
  • tuft, grass1
*dhe-
  • to put, to do1
*deyǵ-
  • to show, point out, pronounce solemnly1 2
*dʰur-
*dreu̯h₂
*dʰeus
*dāu-
*dherebh-
*dʰə-
  • to disappear1
*-dʰlom
*domu-
  • house1
*dreg-
  • to drag, scrape1 2
*dʰwer-
*dwis-
  • two-ways, in twain1
  • twice, in two1 2 3
*dr-
  • to tear, rip, split1
*deḱ
  • to pluck, sever, split1
*dhg'homo-
*dʰwel-
*dʰerg-
  • to dim, darken1
  • dim, dull1
*derew(o)-
  • tree, wood1
*dū-
  • to respect1
*dweh₂ro-
  • long1
*dʰeh₁-ne-
*dekm
*diǵ-
*dis-
  • apart, asunder1
*dek-
*dʰworom
  • enclosure, courtyard, i.e. something enclosed by the door1 2
*dl̥-
*dʰigʰ-
  • to knead1 2
*dewə-
*drāp-
*dʰwór-
  • door1
*dr̥ḱ-h₂(e)ḱru-
  • eye bitter1
*de-
  • Polish: do
  • Serbo-Croatian: do
  • Serbo-Croatian: до
*dʰeigʰ-
  • to knead1 2
*delgʰ-
  • to split, divide, cut, carve1
*dʰewes-
  • to whisk, sprinkle, scatter, twirl1
*dʰeu-r-
**dewk-
  • to pull1
  • to pull, lead1 2 3 4
  • to lead, pull, draw1
  • to pull, draw1
  • to draw, pull, lead1
  • to draw, pull1 2
*dArg'h-
  • fenced lot1 2 3
*dʰgʷʰítis
  • perishing, decrease1 2 3 4 5
  • perishing, destruction, decrease1
*dʰrogʰos
*derm-
*dʰeh₁-m̥n-eh₂
  • who sucks1 2 3
*dǵheis-
*drAuḱ-
  • a kind of vessel1
*dhǵhəmo-
*déḱ-
*dhīgw-
*dʰegʰ-
*dus-diu-
  • bad day1
*dhew-
  • to run, flow1 2
*derə-
  • to tear, tear apart1 2 3 4
*dʰrōgʰ-
*dʰeub-
*dʰrew-
  • to crumble, grind1 2
*dwi(h₁)dḱm̥ti
*dʰewel-
  • to dim, dull, cloud, make obscure, swirl, whirl1 2 3
*dhalg-
  • a cutting tool1 2 3
*dʰelbʰ-
  • to dig1
*derH-
**dʰugh₂tḗr
  • daughter1
*dhregh-
  • to draw, glide1
*doma-
  • to tame1
*drAuk(')-
  • a type of vessel1 2
*drew-o-
*dʰerw-
  • cloudiness, dirt; to dim, darken, tarnish, dull1
  • to hold, hold tight, support1
*dʰu̯ésmi
*deiwós
*drouzdo-
*dhēs-
  • god, godhead, deity1 2
*dʰoyǵʰhos
  • wall1
*digós
  • goat1
*dereg-
  • to pull1
*dlh₁gʰos
*-dj-
*dǵʰuH-
*dʰabʰros
*dʰeH₁-
  • to put, place, do, make1
*dereu-
*dā-
  • to flow1
*dʰabʰro-
*dʰeusóm
*dei-
**dʰuh₂mós
*draḱu-
*dus
*diǵʰ-
*dhrēn-
  • bee, hornet, drone1 2
  • bee, drone, hornet1
*dus-dyu-
*dhreibh-
  • to drive, push1
*dmpedom
*dwitlom
*drew-
  • tree1
  • hard, fest1 2
*dhigw-
  • to stick, fix1
**dʰregʰ-
  • to run1
*dʰAilā
*dwodeḱm̥
**dóru, *deru-, *drew-(r)
*dʰengʰ-
  • to cover, hide, conceal1 2 3
  • to cover1 2
**déḱm̥t
*drem-
  • to sleep1
*deh₂iwer-
*dʰéǵʰom-yo-
*domh₂os
*dʰewh₂-
  • to rise in smoke1
*delt-
  • board1
*dʰAil-
  • part, watershed1 2
*dʰéh₁i-to-m
  • that what is suckled1
*déh₃tōr
  • giver, donor1 2 3
*dʰegʷʰ-
  • to burn1 2
*dheu-
  • to pass away, become senseless1
  • to flow, run1 2
  • breathe1
  • to run, flow1
  • to whisk, twirl, blow, smolder, fume1
*dous-
*dra-
  • to run1 2
*dʰēs-
  • holy one, hallow, deity1
  • sacred one, saint, hallow, god , deity1
*dō-
*dʰeiǵʰ-
  • to mold1 2 3
  • to smear, plaster; to form, knead1
*diwoh₁
  • during the day1
*dʰǵʰyes-
  • yesterday1
*dard-
*dʰūp-
  • to smoke1
*draḱru-
*dhrengh-
  • to draw into one's mouth, sip, gulp1
*dʰrag-
  • bother, torment1
*dol-
  • calculation, fraud1 2
  • reckoning, calculation, fraud1
*dʰrebʰ-
  • to beat, crush, make or become thick1
*dhAil-
  • part, watershed1 2
*dʰeus-
  • to fly, whirl1
*dʰreus-
  • to break, break off, crumble1
*dher(ǝ)-
*dwó(r) -> **dwóh₁
*dʰr̥ǵʰ-
**dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s
*dAnǵʰ-
  • sky, heavenly body1
*druh₂
*dhǵhomo-
  • man, person1
*dīti-
  • time, period1 2 3
*deregʰ-
  • to pull, tug, irritate1
*dʰeugʰe-
  • be ready, suffice1
  • to be ready, be sufficient1 2
*dher(ə)-
*dʰ(e)h₁s
*dʰh₂l-
*da-
  • to divide, cut up1
*deh₂iwēr
*dāmo-
*dʰrowgʰos
*dʰē
*dḱm̥tóm(r) -> **ḱm̥tóm
*dregʰ-
  • unwilling, sullen, slack1 2
*dʰēti-
  • deed, action1
*dgʷhey-
  • to disappear, die1
*dheusom
*daiwō
*dʰētis
  • deed, act1
*duwéh₃(r) -> **dwóh₁
*dʰēh₁-
  • to do, make1
*dukn-
*dʰeh₁(i)-
  • to suck, suckle1
*dʰer-o-
  • tight, close by1
*dheigw-
  • to stab, dig1
*dʰē-
**déh₃-
*dʰren
  • drone, buzz1
  • Albanian: dre
**dʰédʰeh₁-
*-dh-to
*dwṓw(r) -> **dwóh₁
  • Tocharian A: wu
*dayh₂wḗr
  • husband's brother1
  • brother-in-law1
*dwṓu
*dēwǝ-
  • to fail, be behind, be lacking1 2
*da-mo-
  • division1
*dhreid-
*dweinós
*dʰnh₂
*deiḱe-
  • to show, indicate, point out, declare1
  • to show1
*dhreb-
  • to crack, crush, kill1
*drē-
  • to sleep1
*denǵʰ-
  • to shine1 2 3
*dʰwor-
  • doorway, door, gate1
  • gate, door1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • door, gate1 2 3
*dʰers
*deh₁-
  • to bind1 2
*dʰūbʰ-
*dʰoyl-
**dl̥h₁gʰós
*dweh₂-
*dluh₂gʰó-
  • long1
*dʰautus
**dus-
  • bad, wrong1
  • bad, ill, difficult1 2
  • bad1 2 3
**dēg-
*dm̥h₂-ó-
*déi-no-
*dem-
  • to build1
*dʰeh₁y-li-os
*dʰeh₁ti-
*déms-pótis
  • master of the house1
*dʰei-
*dhrē-
  • to hold1 2
  • to hold, hold tight, support1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
*deh₁g-
*deiwos
  • divinity1 2
*deḱs-
  • right1
*dema-
  • to build1
*deru-
  • solid, steadfast1
  • firm, solid1
*deyḱ-
  • to show, point out1 2
  • to point out1
*dʰerāgʰ-
  • to draw, drag1
*dʰǵʰuH-
*dʰh₁s-o-
*dʰragʰ-
*dhrebh-
  • to become thick or cloudy, curdle, ferment1
  • to beat, crush, make or become thick1 2 3 4
  • to crush, grind, kill1 2 3
  • to strike, crush, kill1
*dʰubʰ-r-i-
*dhwer-
*dī-
**dorom -> **deh₃-
*dómh₂os(r) -> **dṓm
*dr̥Hu̯ā
*dyew-
  • god, sky1
  • sky1 2 3
  • sky, heaven1
*-d-
  • to turn1

E[edit]


Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



e[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*es(e)n-
  • summer, harvest, harvest-time1
*ei-wo-
  • French: if
*enə-
*ei-ni-
*(e)mey-
  • small, little1 2 3
*ei
  • Ukrainian: і
*(e)meyə-
*eiwo-
  • Old English: iw
*er-
  • to move, excite, grow1
  • eagle, bird1
  • to cause to move, arouse, increase1
  • eagle, large bird1
*ere(w)-
*euk-
*en-
*eis-
  • to fall upon, act sharply1
*-er-
*enḱ-
  • to reach; to obtain; to carry1
*-ero-
*erebh
*-(e)ro-
*epi
  • after, behind1
*el(ʷ)-
*erkʷ-
  • to shine; to praise1 2
*(e)reik- (-kh-)
  • to scratch, cut1
*eik'-
  • to possess1
*ere-
*-en(o)-
*(e)meyǝ-
  • to change1 2
  • to change, exchange, share1
*el-
  • red, brown1 2
*(e)me-n-
  • English: me
  • French: me
  • French: moi
  • Gaulish: mi
  • German: mir
  • Latin: me
*eǵ-
*eǵʰs
  • Old Church Slavonic: из
  • Russian: из
  • Serbo-Croatian: iz
  • Serbo-Croatian: из
*enskʷé-
*egom
  • Afrikaans: ek
  • Middle English: ich
*eiḱ-
  • to have, possess1
  • to possess1
*eno-
  • Czech: je
*-enkw-
*(e)wAn-
*ertʰ-
*eghs
*eln-
*eǵs-
  • out1
*en
  • in, into1 2
  • English: en-
  • English: in-
  • Irish: i
  • Old Irish: i
  • Proto-Germanic: *in
*ed
  • Ukrainian: і
*e-
  • English: if
*ewǝ-
  • flowing water1
*ela-
*ewə-
  • to lack; empty1 2 3 4
*ei-
*-en-es
*(e)lewədh-
  • man, people1 2 3
*eiǵ-
  • icefloe, icicle1 2
*eǵʰ-
  • edge, border1
*(e)rewə-
*ey-
  • to go1
*-eiyo-
*eḱs
*(e)newn
*engʷ-
*(e)werwǝ-
*(e)me-
  • English: me
  • French: me
  • French: moi
  • Gaulish: mi
  • German: mir
  • Latin: me
*eneḱ-
*egni- Polish (Russian etc.) - Ogni
*er(e)-
  • to cause to move, grow1
*er(ə)dʰ- -> *h₂erHdʰ-
  • high, to grow1 2 3
*(e)welǝ-
  • to choose, wish, want1
  • to choose, wish1 2
*ertu-
*erm-
*ebʰi-
*(e)lewedʰ-
  • man, people1
*eus-
  • to burn1
*eik-
  • possession, ability1
*ewerwǝ-
*enku-
*(e)reip-
  • to crumble, tear1
*ei-k-wo
  • French: if
*enǵʰəti
*ebhi
  • by1
*es-ont-
  • being, existence, real, true1
*enew
*eup
  • down, up, over1
*eu-
  • to wear; to tie up1
*(e)welə-
  • to choose, wish1 2
*erH-
*eue-
  • to leave, abandon1 2
*(e)lewǝdʰ-
  • man, person, people1
*(e)lAig'-
  • to jump, spring, play1
*euəg
  • rise, increase1
*edh-
*egwrios
*-es
*endh
*(e)lAi-
  • to bend1
*elʷ-
*endʰ
  • Old Irish: ís
*enéteri-
*-eno-
*es-
  • to be1
*-eniyā-
*(e)rwō-
  • to trace, find out, look out1 2 3
*et
*(e)laiǵ-
  • to jump, spring, play1 2 3

G[edit]


Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



g[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*grent-
*geu-
*ghrew-
  • to weep, be sad1 2 3
*ghreb-
*gʰadʰ-
  • to gather, align, match1
  • Old English: god
*gʰArdʰ-
*gʷl̥nāmi
*gley-
  • to stick, smudge1
  • to stick1
*ghortos
  • enclosure, yard1
*gʰregʰwos
*gʷréh₂us
  • heavy1
*gʷerH-
  • to welcome, greet, praise1 2 3 4 5
*gʷrebh-
  • young animal1
*gʷoh₁dʰo-
  • Albanian: zi
*ghab(h)-
*gelǝ-
*gʷeu-
  • to bend1
*gē(y)-, *gē(i)(r), *gē(y)(r)
*gudnó-
*gʷr̥̄pti-
*ghē-
*gog
  • ball-shaped object1
*gʰhedʰ-
  • to unite, assemble, keep1
*gʷol-
  • spike, tip, peak1
  • to move; to turn (around)1
*gers-
  • to turn, bend1
  • to bend, turn1 2 3 4
*gera-
  • crane1 2
*gow(H)-
*gʰr̥yo-
*ghneid-
  • to gnaw, scratch, rub1
*gʷer-
  • to devour1
*gʷerkʷ-
*gher-
  • to glow, shine1
  • to rattle, make a noise, grumble1 2
  • to enclose, to grasp1
  • to shine, glow; grey1 2 3 4
*gandʰ-
  • a vessel1
*geyew-
*gʰodʰ-
  • to unite, be associated, suit1 2
*gʷhormo-
*grod-
  • to scratch, scrape1
*geng-
*ghaw-
  • wasteland, area surrounding a thorp1
  • Old English: -ge
*gheub-
*gʰostis
  • guest, stranger1 2 3 4
*glembʰ-
*gʰrēdʰ-
  • to be hungry, long for1 2
*gʰendʰ-
  • ulcer, sore, abscess, boil1
*gʰleub-
  • cut, carve1
*gʰoweh₁-
  • to notice, pay attention to1
*gʰrē-
*gerebʰ-
  • to scratch, crawl1
*gʷm-ti-s
*gʰos-ti-
  • stranger, guest1
*gʰrābʰ-
  • to dig, scratch, scrape1 2
*grābʰ-
*geupeh₂
  • Albanian: gop
*ghrab-
  • to take, seize, rake1
*greg-
  • tracery, basket, bend1
*gret(-n)-
*gʷerh₃-
*gʷeiH₃w-
  • to live1
*gandh-
  • vessel, tub1
*g(e)lēi-
  • gleaming1 2 3
*gʷʰéntis
  • killing, blow1
  • act of killing, blow1
*gʷʰiH-slo
*greh₃d-
*gʷʰor-
  • warm, hot1
*gʷḗn, *gʷn̥-(r)
*gher
  • enclosure1
*gʷes-
*gʷr̥ǵ-
*ghorto-
  • enclosure, yard1
*gʰreh₁-
  • to grow1
*gʰer-
  • to glow, shine1 2
  • to rattle, make a noise, grumble1
  • to make a noise, rattle, mumble, murmur1
  • to make a noise, rattle, gurgle, grumble1
  • to grumble1
  • to rub, grind, remove1
*ghai
*gʷʰer-
  • warm, hot1
  • warm1
*gʷovio-
*genh₁-
  • to procreate1
*ghardh-
  • yard, court1 2
*gawl-
  • ball, swelling1 2
*golH-so-
  • voice, cry1
*gʷrī-g-
*gre(n)t-
  • plaiting, wicker, basket, cradle1
*gʷet-
  • to say1
*gʷih₃wós
  • alive1 2
*gʷōus -> *gʷṓws
  • cow1
*gʷerh₂-
*gʰwih₂bʰ-
  • Old English: wif
*gʷrH-n-uH-
*ghreghwos
  • grey1
*gʷerbʰ-
*gÀr-
  • voice, exclamation1 2 3
*gheiǵh-
*ghabolo
*gʷegs-
*gʷn̥-(r) -> *gʷḗn
*gē(y) -> *gē(y)-
*ghhnýd-
*gʷhedh-
  • to keep1
*g̑ʰel-
  • to shine1
*gnō-
  • to know1
*gleit-
  • to cling to, cleave, stick1
*ghreinā
*gheb(h)-
  • to take, give, transfer1
*gʷow-
  • cow1
*gho
*ghabh-
  • boar-spear, fork, groin1
  • to be split, be forked, gape1 2 3
  • take1
*golH-so
  • voice, cry1
*gʷey-
  • to live1
*ghlō-
*ghreb(h)-
*gʷʰiHslo-
*gaid-
*gneup-
  • to press, crush1
*gʰAredʰ-
*gʰab-
*gʷr̥̄b-
  • to bend1
*gerbʰ-
*gʷenh₂-
*gʷuē-
  • excrement, dung1
*gerg-
  • tracery, basket, twist1 2 3
  • wicker, bend1
*geh₁(i)-
*gē(i) -> *gē(y)-
*ghrem-
  • to rub, grind, scrape1 2
*gwer-
  • to praise, welcome1
*gleibʰ-
  • to lubricate, stick1
*gʰordʰ-o-
*gʷḙiə-
  • to live1 2
*gerh₂-
  • to call hoarsely1 2
  • to cry hoarsely1 2 3
*gʷōws -> *gʷṓws
*gʷōw- -> *gʷṓws
*gag-
*g'Ab-
*ghas
  • Scottish Gaelic: Gall
*gneibh
*gʰladʰros
*gʰwel-
  • to lie, deceive1 2
*gwerH-
*glewt-
*geus-
  • to enjoy, taste1 2
*gʰaido-
  • goat1
*gwerə-
*gʰr-eu-d-
*gal(o)s-
*gʰab(ʰ)-
  • to take, hold, have1
*gʷerǝun-
*gʷeud-
*glēp-
  • to hold, clench1
*gʰaid-
  • kid, goat1
*gʰrewd-
*ghel-
*gʷeleno-
*glēb-
*gʰórdʰoi
*gʰórdʰos
*grebʰ-
*gyēw-
  • to chew1
*geugʰ-
  • swelling, bow1
*gherdh-
  • to enclose1
*gan-
  • a vessel, vat, tub1
  • a vessel, tub1
*ghlub(h)-
  • to yawn, gape1 2
*gū-
  • to bend, curve1
  • to bow, bend, arch, curve1
*gōg-
  • round, ball-shaped object; lump; clump1
*gras-
  • to gnaw1
*gʷriHwéh₂
*glew-
  • to conglomerate, gather into a mass1
*gneibʰ-
  • to pinch, nip1
*gʰel-
  • to gleam, shimmer, glow1
  • to shout, scream, charm away1
  • to roop, shout, charm away1
*gʷem-
  • to go, come1 2
  • to come, go1
  • come, go1
*gleubʰ-
  • to cut, carve, peel1
*g(')elt-
*gerh₂no-
*gʷétu
*gwr(e)h₂-n-
*gheubh-
  • to bend, bend over, move1
*gʰérsdʰo-
*gei-
  • to turn, bend1
*gʷōu-kʷol-
*gʷr̥H-
  • Albanian: gur
*g(')rībh-
  • basket, net1
*gʰrōni-
*ghordh-os
*ghrey-
  • to oil, colour, dye1
*gleim-
  • to stick, smear1
*gʷeih₃w-
*gʷā-
  • Old Armenian: եկ
*gʰneidʰ-
*gēbh-
  • jaw, gills1
*gʷr̥̄bti-
*geid-
  • to stick, jab, tickle1 2
*gʷher-
  • to heat1
*gʷel-
  • throat1 2
  • to stick, pierce, stab; pain, injury, death1
  • to stick, pierce; pain, injury, death1
*ghrewə-
  • to fell, put down, fall in1 2 3 4 5
*gwéri-
  • millstone1
*greid-
*glōs-
  • voice, cry1 2
*gʷétstis
  • act of calling1
*gwōu
  • Albanian: gak
*ghordh-
*g(')herə-
  • to grow, to grow green1 2 3 4
  • to grow, grow green1
*ghəl
*gʰrHdʰ-
*gʰeysl-
  • hostage, prisoner1
*gʰeldʰ-
  • to pay1
*gheigh-
  • to yawn, gape, long for, desire1
*gʷhīslo-
*gʰew-
  • to pour1
*gʷelos
*ghoilos
  • frothing, tempestuous, wanton1
  • Old English: gal
*gʰnēgʰ-
  • to gnaw, scratch1
*gnebʰ-
  • to press, tighten1 2 3
*gʷṓws, *gʷōus(r), *gʷōus(r), *gʷōws(r), *gʷōw-(r)
*gʷergʷ-
*gal-
  • to sound1
*glōgʰs
*grewb-
  • to curve, bend, crawl1 2
*gʰʷí₂bʰ-
  • shame, pudenda1
*gwʰemb-
to spring, hop, jump1
*gel-
  • to see1
  • to ball up, clench1
  • to be cold, freeze1
  • to gleam1 2 3
  • cold1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • to freeze1
*greub-
  • to crumple, bend, crawl1
*gʷrebʰ-
*gʷalakt-
  • milk1
*gʷehl-
  • to wish1
*gʷem-ye-
  • to come, go, be born1
*gelt-
  • round body, child1
*gʰedʰ-
  • to unite, to join, to fit, to be suitable1
  • to join, to unite1 2
  • to unite, be associated, suit1
  • to unite, be associated, be suitable1
*gʷerə-
  • heavy1 2
*gʷelH-
*ghostis
*gʷog-
  • to shake, swing1 2 3 4
*gals-
*gʰrān-
  • edge, end, tip1 2
*geugh-
  • swelling1
*ghAl-
  • to shout, sing, charm, enchant1
*gang-
  • to mock1
*gʰreyb-
  • to grab, to grasp1
*glit-
*gleubh-
  • to cut, cleave, split, divide1
*gherbh-
  • to snatch, take, rake1
*glūdos
*gʷhren-
  • soul, mind1
*ghrēi-
  • to strip, paint, smear1
  • to smear1 2
*ghrab(h)-
  • to take, seize, rake1 2
*gʰow-
*glewbʰ-
  • to split, separate, cleave1
  • to split1
*ghrendh-
  • crushing1
*ghrēu-
  • to rub, grind1
*give birth
*-ge
*gʰneid-
  • to gnaw, chew, scratch, rub1
*gwem-
  • to go, come1
*gheldh-
  • to pay for, repay1
  • to pay1 2 3
*ghelgh-
  • iron1
*greyd-
  • to shout1 2 3
*gAlw-
  • naked, bald1 2
*gʰebʰ-
  • to take, give, move1
*gʰers-
  • horror1
*gʷiyā-
  • to live1
*gʰordʰos
  • hedge, enclosure1
*g'hAlg-
  • perch, long switch1 2 3
*gʰrebh₂-
  • to grab, seize1
*greh₂-k-
*ghaslo-?
  • Scottish Gaelic: Gall
*gʰradʰ-
*gʷiō-iō
*gʰrebʰ-
  • to dig, scratch, scrape1
  • to dig, furrow, scratch1
*ger-
  • to twist, wind1
  • to bind, twist, wind1
  • to turn, wind1 2 3 4 5
  • to turn, wind, weave1
  • to turn, ebnd, twist1
  • to turn, bend, twist1 2 3
  • to turn, bend, wind1
*gʰeyǵʰ-
  • to desire, gape, long for, beyearn1
*gʰowro-
  • fear1
*gʷalt
*gol-
*gen-
  • to pinch, squeeze, bend, press together, ball1 2 3
  • to pinch, squeeze, bend, press, ball up1
*gʷʰen-
  • to hit, kill1 2 3
  • to press; to strike, slay, kill1
  • to strike; slay, kill1
  • to strike, to kill1 2
  • to kill1
*gʰast-
  • branch1 2
*gagrōdo-
*gwel-
  • to sting, pierce1
*gʷésdos
*genes-
*gremb-
  • crooked, uneven1 2 3 4
*gʰordʰós
  • hedge, fence, enclosure1
*gʰeud-
  • to pour1 2
*gʰomo-
*gʷriHw-eh₂
*gʰeb-
*gʷewd-
  • woolen clothes1
*gʰreH₁-
  • to grow, become green1
  • grow, become green1 2
*gʰol-
*gʰegʰAuǵ-
  • cuckoo1 2
*ghneidh-
*gneu-
  • knot, bundle1
*ghwerm-
  • to warm, heat1 2
*ghe
*gʰredʰ-
  • to walk, go1 2 3 4
*gneub-
*ghe-ke
  • this, here1 2
*ghi
  • drive, storm1 2
*gʷih₃u̯o-
  • alive1
*gud-
  • woolen clothes1
*gurǵ-
*ghrun-
  • to shout1
*gruǵ-
*ghwrgh-
*gharto-
*gʷʰermos
*grep-
  • hook1 2 3 4
  • hook, power1
  • hook, strength, force1
  • hook, force1
*gʷeiH-
  • sinew1 2
*gʰabʰ-
  • to grab, to take1 2 3
*gred-
*gʷʰedʰ-
*gʷʰermo-
*grend-
  • to plait, braid, twist, bind1
*gʷer
*gʷʰn̥-
*grain
*glei-
  • to glue, stick together, form into a ball1
  • to adhere to, stick1
*gʰladʰ-
*gong
*gʰreb-
*gʰeygʰ-
  • to gape, protrude1
*ghnýdh-
  • to gnaw, scratch1
*gʰneus-
  • to gnaw, scrape, rub1
*geb-
  • to look after1
*gʷehdʰ-
  • to sink, submerge1
*gʷēdh-
  • muck1
  • muck, excrement, dung, filth, disgust, vermin1
*gʷw-əl-
*gʰAr(e)dʰ-
*gwiwo
*ghei
*galos-
  • voice, cry1
*gḗnus
  • jaw1
*gʷeh₂-
  • to go, come1
*gʰlew-
  • to joke, make fun, enjoy1 2
*gʰen-
  • to gnaw, grate, scrate, whit1
*ghe(n)d-
  • to seize, grasp1
*gʷerw-
  • throat, neck1
*galw-
  • bald, naked1
*gʷrāun-
  • millstone1
*gʷelh₁-
  • to hit by throwing1
*gʰē-
  • to be gaping, yawn1
*gʰAuǵ-
*gʷr̥dus
*gʰerbʰ-
  • to grab, take, rake1 2
*gʰortós
*ghrebh-
  • to dig, scrape, bury1 2
*gherebh
*gArg-
  • to shout1
*g'hAlgh-
*gʰowē-
  • to perceive, note, ensure, provide for1

H[edit]


Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



h[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*h₃órbʰos
  • bereft1
*h₁ndʰ-ur-
  • road1
*h₁lewdʰ-
*hₐet-
  • to go1
**h₂ep-, *h₂eb-(r)
  • water1
  • body of water1
*h₁ep-
  • to take1
  • Albanian: jap
*h₃or-no-
  • eagle1
*h₂erH-
  • to be sparse1 2
*h₂epo
  • from, off, back1
  • off, from1
  • off, away1
*h₁epi
*h₂(e)nsu-yo-
*h₂l-i(e)h₂-
  • female grinder1
**h₂eb- -> *h₂ep-
**h₂ŕ̥tḱos
*h₂ewsṓs
*h₂ego-
*h₂neh₃
*h₂reu-i-
  • sun, sunshine1 2
**h₂éǵros
*h₂énkos
  • curve1 2
*h₂(V)nt-h₂-o-
*h₁eln-
  • red deer, elk1
*h₃erǵʰi
*h₂onkos
*h₂er-mn̥-tom
*h₂erkʷo-
*h₁leig-
*h₁reudʰ-ó-
  • red1
*h₃ebʰi
  • Polish: o
*h₂enh₁mos
*h₃neid-
  • curse1
*h₂egʷs-ih₂-
  • axe1
*h₂us-
  • pass the night1
*h₃eynos
**h₁su-
  • good1
*h₃estH-
*h₃és-no-
*h₂élbʰos
**h₂wes-
  • to dwell1
  • to live, stay, spend the night1
  • to reside1 2
  • to dwell, stay1
  • to dwell, live, reside1
  • to dwell, live1
*h₃reu-
*h₂eph₃ol-
*h₂weh₁yu-
  • wind, air1
*h₁eǵʰi-
*(h₂)moldos
  • soft, weak1 2 3
*h₁éi
  • Albanian: ai
  • Albanian: ajo
*h₁néwn̥̄ḱomt
*h₁ngʷni-
*h₂ógeh₂-
**h₃nobʰilos, *h₃nobh-ilos(r)
*h₂eu(h₁)-dʰ-.
  • Old Armenian: օդ
*h₂érbhos
  • orphaned1
*h₂engʷʰis
  • snake1
  • Russian: уж
  • Serbo-Croatian:
  • Serbo-Croatian: уж
*h₁h₁i-ueh₂-
*h₁ngʷnis
*h₁eǵʰs
  • Polish: z
  • Polish: ze
*h₁eser
*h₂enkos
*h₁eh₃l-én-
*h₂énh₂t-
  • duck1
*h₁ésh₂r̥
*h₁leudʰ
*h₂endʰos
*h₂r̥tós
  • fitted1
*h₁lóigei
*(h₂)moldus
  • soft, weak1 2 3
**h₃reǵ-
  • to rule1
  • straight, direct1
  • to straighten, direct1 2 3
  • chief, king1 2
  • ruler, king1
*h₁omh₁sos
**h₂eh₁s-
*h₂eulos
*h₁entrom
*h₂ént-i
*h₂ews-
  • dawn1
*h₃op-(i)-
  • force, ability1
**h₁ésmi -> *h₁es-
*(h₁)néwn-dḱomt
  • nine-ten1 2
*h₁gʷel-
*h₁u̯ers-
**h₂er-
  • to fit together, to link, to join1
  • to fix, put together1
  • to join properly1
  • to join1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • to fit1
  • to join, fit (together)1 2
  • to join, fit together1
*h₃bʰrúHs
  • brow1
  • eyebrow, rim, edge1
*h₁y-
**h₂nḗr, *h₂nrós(r)
  • power, force, vital energy1 2
  • man; vital energy1 2 3 4
  • man, husband1
**h₁ed-
*h₂eǵs-
  • axle1
*h₁reug-
*(h₁)emno-
  • equal, straight; flat, level, even1
*h₂enh₁-ti-
**h₃nobh-ilos -> *h₃nobʰilos
  • navel1 2
*h₃ost-
*h₃ewp-s-
  • high1
*h₁o-
  • Ukrainian: і
*h₂eg'Ho
  • Old Irish: ag
*h₂erh₁-
*h₃elen-
*h₂weh₁-
*h₁esmi
  • Old Irish: am
*h₂eḱru-
*h₂eutos
*h₁ésti(r) -> *h₁es-
  • is1
  • (you) are (sg.)1
*h₃yebʰ-e/o-
*h₃meyǵʰ-
  • urinate1
  • to urinate1
*h₂euh₂-n-tlo
*h₃bʰruH-
*h₂euw
  • Albanian: ha
*h₂elut-
  • Icelandic: öl
  • Old Norse: ǫl
  • Proto-Germanic: *alu
*h₃nobʰ-
*h₃rew-
*h₁ews-
  • to burn1 2
*h₁rudʰrós
*h₂neḱ-
  • to reach, achieve, carry out1
*h₃ep-ni-
  • working1
*h₁lewdʰo-
  • people1 2
*h₂lōp-eh₂-s
*h₃dénts(r) -> *h₃dónts
**h₂weg-
  • to add, increase1 2
*h₂erǵn̥t-
*h₁éh₃s
  • mouth1
*h₁en-h₃orǵʰi-
  • uncastrated, male (ram or buck)1
*h₂ek-
  • sharp, pointed1
*h₂ondʰ-os-
*h₁oh₁i-ueh₂-
*h₃emos
*h₂(e)iǵ-ieh₂-
**h₁widʰéwh₂
  • widow1 2
**h₂ówis, *h₃éwis(r), *h₃éwis(r)
*h₂ewisd-
*h₃esko
  • Albanian: ah
*h₁onḱos
*h₁ar-mo-
*h₂endʰ-
*h₃esk-
*h₂egʷnos
**h₃dónts, *h₁dónts(r), *h₁dénts(r), *h₃dénts(r), *h₁dont-(r), *h₁dent-(r)
*h₁esti
  • Old Irish: is
*h₂(e)po
  • Polish: po
  • Serbo-Croatian: po
  • Serbo-Croatian: по
*h₁éh₃(o)s
**h₂ewg-
*h₂yuh₁on-
*h₃migʰleh₂
*h₂ner-to-
  • virile, strong1 2 3 4
*h₂eḱmoros
*h₂ens-
  • to engender, beget1
*h₂eti
  • Polish: od
  • Polish: ode
  • Serbo-Croatian: od
  • Serbo-Croatian: од
**h₂erh₃-
  • to plow1 2
  • to plough1 2 3
*h₂e(m)bʰoh₁
*h₁owHdʰr̥-
*h₂ueh₁-
  • to blow1
  • Old Armenian: օդ
*h₂op-
**h₁éti -> *éti
*h₂rei-
**h₁nómn̥(r)
**h₂éwis
*h₂(e)iǵ-ih₂-
  • goat1
*h₃okʷih₁
  • Albanian: sy
*h₂eno-
*h₂nk-ti-
*h₂en-
  • ancestor1
  • spirit1