User:Sobreira/PIE-indexes o-y

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This is an index of every use of the template {{proto}}, with reference to Proto-Indo-European, inside etymology sections.

The 4918 terms in this index were extracted from the 2012-09-20 database dump.


#-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz


Indexes[edit]

O[edit]


Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



o[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*og(wh)i-
  • snake1
*oktōḱomt
*(o)reg'a-
  • to straighten, direct1 2
*obʰi-
*-o-mno-
*op- -> *h₃ep-
*or(w)-
  • to rise, lift, move1
  • to lift, rise, set in motion1
*ol-nei
*onə-
  • to breathe1
*-on-es
*olbʰ-
*obʰel
*ozdos
*-os
*or-
  • large bird1 2
  • large bird, eagle1
*os(e)n-
*(o)rewǝ-
  • to move, drive, agitate1
  • to drive, move, agitate1
*owi-lā
*op-1 -> *h₃ep-
*obʰelos
*ono-
  • Czech: je
*oyt-
  • to take along, fetch1
  • oath1 2
*or
*ors-
*ok-
  • sharp, pointed1
  • to think, intend, purpose1
*-o-meno-
  • adverbial suffix of neuter gender1
*ouǵ-
*omeiǵʰ-
  • to urinate1
*(o)reǵ-
  • to straighten, direct1
*ongw-
  • to salve1
*orbʰ-
  • orphaned; orphan1
*olyo-
*ogʷh-
  • snake, lizard1
  • lizard, snake1
*oyno-lo-s
*oku-
  • eye, to see1
*oḱto(w)-dḱomt
  • eight-ten1 2
*ost-bho-
*obhi
*ost-
*oi-no-
  • that1
*olā-
*oiw-
  • custom, tradition, law1
  • Pronoun: æ
*od-
  • Old Norse: ata
*orbho-
*olen-
*-osyo
*orso-
  • behind, arse1
*onəmo-
  • spirit, puff, wind1
*-ono-
*-onom
*oḱtṓw
  • twice four1
*oḱtṓ-
  • eight1
*(o)reg'-
*-olo-
*okʷ-
*omso-
*oḱu-
  • quick, swift1 2
*oid-
  • tumor, abscess1
*(o)leig/k-
  • poor, miserable1

P[edit]


Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



p[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*plúsis, *plews-(r), *plus-(r), *bʰluseh₂(r), *plows-(r), *psul-(r), *pusl-(r), *bʰluseh₂(r), *psul-(r), *plus-(r), *pusl-(r)
*plet-
*pang-
  • Old English: fon
*pōḱ-
*préti
*pāy-
  • to guard, graze, feed1 2
*pey-
  • to adore1 2 3
*pat-
  • to feed1 2
  • path; to go1 2 3
*pénkʷe-dḱomt-h₂
  • five-ten1
*pet-Vr-
*puk-so-
*pūr
*plehg-
  • to hit1
*plõro-
  • level, even1
*pū-
  • rottenness, pus1
  • to rot; pus1
  • to rot1
*peth₂-
  • to fall; fly1 2
*plō-
  • flow1 2 3
  • to fold1
*pewy-
*perg-
  • pole, post1
  • to frighten; fear1
  • board, beam, trunk1
*plÁt-
*poḱs-
  • Old Norse: fax
*peuk
*pleḱ-
  • to plait, to weave1 2 3 4
  • to plait, braid1
  • to weave1
*pl̥h₁-go
*plÀt-
  • broad, flat1
*péln-
  • skin, hide1 2
*potis
*pe(i)pel-
  • butterfly1
*poḱ-s-
  • to pluck1
*pleus-
  • to pluck1 2 3
*preisk-
*poid-
  • to abound in water, milk, or fat1
*peri-
  • around1 2
*pleh₁ḱ
  • to tear, peel off1
*prei-
  • to be fond of1
*peuǵ-
*p(e)t-tro-
  • who flies, bird1
*pau-
  • smallness1 2
  • few, little1 2
*peh₃-
  • drink1
*plat-
*pl̥h₁-
  • stronghold1 2 3
*pōlH
*plew-k-
*portiyo-
*poh₂yu-
*peḱu-
  • sheep1 2
  • livestock, domestic animals1 2 3 4 5
  • livestock1 2 3 4
  • cattle1 2
*portiyos
*pénkʷrós
  • fifth1
*peimen-
  • girl1
*preti
*plī-
*pornóm
*pneu-
  • to gasp, pant, breathe1
*pōlo-
  • young of an animal1
*pet-
  • to spread out, extend1
  • shoulders, armful, fathom1
  • to fly1 2
*parǝt-
*pl̥n-
*pnew-
  • to breathe, sneeze1
*prep-
  • to appear1 2
*plōtus
*puh₂r-
  • fire1
*pēl(w)-
  • a kind of vessel1
*pih₃
  • Albanian: pi
*péh₂wōr
*peh₂-, *poh₂-(r)
*pik̑sk̑os
*pr̥H-
*puǵnos
*penkʷ-ros
*peuḱ-
  • prick, punch1 2 3
*plou(d)-
  • to flow1
*plek-
  • to weave1
  • to weave, braid1
  • weave1
*piHweryon-
*preysk-
  • fresh1
*pr̥s-
  • Old Armenian: առ
*pēḱ-
  • to clean, adorn1 2
*pr̥sḱé-
*prew-
*polto-
*pelu-
*pes-
  • penis1 2
*poi-
  • sap, juice1
*promo-
  • in front, forth1
  • front, forth1
  • forth, forward1 2
  • front, forward1 2
  • forward, front1
*perkʷ-
  • life, force, strength, tree1 2 3 4
  • tree, oak, fir1
*prey-
*plūno-
*prē-
  • to spray, inject, snort1
*plōw-
  • to pour, wash1 2
  • to flow, swim1 2
  • to float, swim, fly1 2
*preus-
*pelh
*palam-
*potni̯eh₂
*pontHo-
*ptel-
*puk-
  • Old English: fox
*posti
*penkʷēḱomt
*penkʷe
  • five1
*próti
*pak'-
  • to fasten, place1
*piHwerjon-
*por-
  • to give birth1 2
  • forward, through1 2 3
  • going, passage1 2
*pelem-
*ped-
*pal-
  • to swing, shake1 2 3 4 5
*peri
*polieh₂-
*per-
  • to ferry, put across1
  • to carry over, bring1
  • to put across, ferry1 2
  • to attempt, try, research, risk1 2
  • to spray, spritz, snort1
  • to try, risk1 2
  • next, of, out, through1
  • to hit1 2
  • forward, forth, over, beyond1 2
  • to bring or carry over, transfer, pass through1
  • to go over, through, very, exceedingly1
  • to try, dare, risk, danger1
  • to bring forth1 2 3 4
  • toward1 2 3
  • forward, out1
  • to cut, bore1
*penkʷēḱomth₂
*pelito-
*plag-
  • to roam, wander1
*perəm-
*per
  • exchange1
*pelH-
  • stronghold, fortification1
*puHtos
  • clean1
*priH-
*per-/pr-
*pouga
*prto-
*pasto-
  • solid1 2 3 4 5 6
  • solid, stable1
  • solid, stable, hard, thick1
*poh₂mn̥
*preh₂ey
*pélno-mo
  • membrane1
*pleu
  • to flow, to float1
*pereg-
*pāpel-
*phu-
*péh₂ur
*perə
  • front1
*pele-
  • to spread out, be broad, be flat1 2
  • to spread out, broad, flat1 2
  • broad, wide, flat1
  • broad, flat, plain1
  • flat, broad, plain1 2
*pone
*poyǝmn-
*pān-
  • fabric1
*pr̥ḱ-
*pro
  • Scottish Gaelic: ro
*pelw-
*peyḱ-
  • spot, color1 2 3
  • to paint, draw1 2 3
*pr-
  • before, formerly; through, throughout1 2
  • forward, through1
*pisd-eh₂-
*pow-ino-
*pr̥g-
*palo-
*ph₂tros
*plā-k-
  • wide and flat1 2 3
*pel(w)-
*peh₂ḱ-
  • to make fast, fasten1
*p(r)s(t)ē̆n-o
  • tits1
*pénkʷe-(d)ḱomt
  • five-ten1
*peyk-, *peik-(r)
*pl̥h₁nós
*persneh₂-
*pele(w)-
*pewǝ-
  • to beat, hew1
*pol̑-
*pilos
*pol-
  • to pour, flow, swim, fly1
*peys-
  • to crush1 2
*pÁig-
*pótis
  • master1 2
  • owner, master, host, husband1
*pleh₁
*pérde
*perkos
*peu-
  • to blow, to breathe1
  • to cleanse, purify1
*pl̥th₂ús
  • wide1
*pent-
  • to come, go1
  • to go, pass, bridge1
  • to walk, go1
  • to go, walk; way1 2
*pelǝ-
*pusl- -> *plúsis
  • flea1
*pan-
  • mud, slush, morass1 2 3
*plā-
  • flat, broad1
  • to strike, beat; to beat one's breast; to cry, weep1
*pātróm
  • food1
*pil-
  • one string of hair1 2
*plē-
  • to fill1
  • to fill; full1 2
*penkʷe-deḱm
*pekw-
  • to cook1
  • Old English: coc
*pero-
  • forward, beyond, around1
*ph₂tḗr
*pleud-
  • to flow1
*pl̥h₂emeh₂
*priHo-
  • dear1
*polwo-
*ponth₂-
*perḱ-
  • motley, coloured1 2 3 4 5 6
  • to ask, woo1
  • mottled, coloured1
  • spotted, motley, coloured1
*pórḱos
*prAgn-
  • pole, stalk1
*pAik-
*-poltos
  • -fold1
*pleh₁-
*pek'-
  • pluck out (hair, wool)1
*pel(e)(w)-
*peluko
*paulos
*pleh₂ros
  • floor1
*pēymen-
*pers-
  • rain, dust1
*pelh₁-
*phuku-
*peh₂ur
*plus- -> *plúsis
  • flea1
*pisḱ-
*prAng-
*pr̥-
  • to beat1
*plAwək-
  • hair, fibres, tuft1 2
*pēd-
*perkʷu-
  • tree, oak, pine1
  • coniferous forest, mountain forest, wooded height1 2
*prom-
  • forth, forward1 2 3
*peHg̑-
  • to fasten1
*preti-
*polh₁-
  • Old Irish: oll
*ph₂wṓr
*pelə-
  • to fill1 2
  • to wander1
*peku-
*pana
  • from1
*peik- -> *peyk-
  • colored, specked1
*par-
  • beam, log1
*peros
*prus-
  • to frost, freeze1
*pend-
*prijos
*peḱ-
  • to pluck out1 2
  • to comb, shear1
  • to pluck1 2 3 4 5 6
*pu-
*plăg
  • to strike1
*plH-i(e)h₂-
  • young female1
*pórt-h₂-u-
*pélu
  • many1
*péh₂wr̥-
  • bonfire1
*pā-
  • off, of1
*ptēr-
*plu-
*phōl-
*pol
  • to burn, be warm1
*pher-
*ph₂ent
*porḱ-
  • young swine, young pig1 2 3 4
*pléu-mon-
*peyǝ-
*pekʷ-
*ph₂ḱ-teh₂-
  • betrothal, engagement; betrothed (girl), fiancée, bride1
*poimen-
  • breast milk1 2 3
*penkwe
*preḱ-
  • to ask1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
  • to ask, to ask someone's hand in marriage1
  • to woo, ask1 2
  • to ask, woo1 2 3
  • to ask, ask for1
*piHwer-
*pérkʷus
*pulh₂-
*pónteh₁s -> *pónt-h₁-s
  • path, road1 2
*pelno-
*pag-
  • to fix1
*pors-V́-
  • Old Armenian: առ
*peuk-
  • bushy hair1
  • thick-haired1 2
*pr̥ḱ-sḱ-
*pank-
  • Old English: fon
*pla-
  • flat, broad1 2 3
  • flat1
*peisk-
  • Scottish Gaelic: iasg
*puǵ-no-
*peta-
*porno-
  • feather1
*ph₂wéns
  • fire1
*pAig-
  • ill-meaning, bad1
  • ill-meaning, wicked1
*peysḱ-
*pleh₁yo-
  • Old Armenian: լի
*ph₂ḱ-ti(h₂)-
*pont- -> *pónt-h₁-s
  • path, road1 2
*pl̥-
*pel-
  • grey, bluish1
  • gray1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • container1
  • to cause to move, drive1
  • to gush, pour out, fill, flow, swim, fly1
  • gray, pale1
  • to spread; broad, wide1
  • grey1 2 3
  • to cover, wrap; skin, hide; cloth1 2
  • field, plain1
  • fallow1 2
  • skin1
  • to wander, roam1
*pro-
*peruti-
*plātno-
*ptā-
  • to fly1
*pértus
  • crossing1 2
*plēy-
*póds
*pōl-
*póyḱos
  • Old English: fah
*pleu-k
*paḱ-
  • to fasten, stick, place1
  • to fasten, fix, stick1
  • to fasten, place1 2 3
  • to link, to strengthen; joining, connection1
*plno-
  • full1
*plak-
*pres-
*puḱ-
  • tail1
*peh₂-tro
*peh₂u̯r̥
*patno-
*preg-
  • greedy, fierce1
  • greedy, violent1
*peh₂g-
*pou-
  • to blow; puff, blow1 2
*pénkʷe-dḱomt
  • five-ten1 2
*ptio-
  • Old Armenian: թի
*plews-(r) -> *plúsis
  • flea1
*plew-
  • to run, flow, swim, fly1
*perd-
*pek'us
*patrom
  • fodder1 2
*pónt-h₁-s, *pónteh₁s(r), *pont-(r)
  • path, road1
*peyHnos
*pleh₂k-
*plewo-
*ph₂wens
  • fire1
*plein-
  • metal arrow, hook, spear-head1
*pAks-
*pl̥h₂meh₂
*poh₂imen
*polh₁ús
  • much, many1
*perHo-
*prews-
*pénkʷe
*per(ǝ)ḱ-no-
*peh₂ǵ-
*paw-
  • few, small1
*plē(w)-
  • skin, hide1 2
  • to hide1
*paəwŗ-
*pṓlH-s
*poyHnos
*pAnk-
  • mud, rot, filth1 2
*poti
  • lord, master1
*plām-
  • palm of the hand1 2 3 4
*pl̥th₂us
*per + dʰ-o
*prōw-
  • right judge, master1 2
  • master, judge1 2 3 4 5 6
  • right; judge, master1
*py-
  • milk fat, cream; to grow fat1 2
*pekʷ
*pelios
*pik-
*pl̥h₁ús
  • much1
*p(e)h₂w-
  • end, edge1
*porḱos
  • fishing1 2
*pṓds
*plāg-
*penth-
  • to go, pass1
  • to go, pass; path, bridge1
*pl̥th₂-u̯-ih₂
*pāǵe-
  • to nail, fasten1 2
*pn̥kʷ-sti
  • fist1
*peig-
  • ill-meaning, evil-minded, treacherous, hostile, bad1
*pedóm
  • step, footprint1
  • step; bottom, floor1
*pr̥tʰ-
*pōlH-
*phel-
  • to shine1
*psul- -> *plúsis
  • flea1
*penkʷrós
*pleth₂os
  • breadth1 2
*pewH
*prāy-
*pello-
*pod-
  • vessel1
*pórs-ei
*pro-bhwo-
  • being in front1
  • being in front, prominent1 2 3
*powyo-
*poh₂imn̥
*pleu-
*peh₂s-
*psten-
  • breast1 2
*pezd-
*prēy-
  • to like, love1 2
  • like, love1 2 3
*pélu-
  • many1
*per(ǝ)ḱ-
  • mottled, multicoloured; a kind of speckled fish1
*pete-
  • to spread, stretch out1
*pu
  • to swell, blow1
*preysḱ-
*peh₂u-
*pleuk-
*peled-
  • moisture, wetness1
*pelh₂-
*plāk-
  • smooth, flat1
  • broad, flat, plain1
  • flat, broad, plain1
*pap-
  • pock mark, nipple1
*pi-
  • sap, juice1
*prH-
  • Old Irish: ar
*plH-ós
*pódm̥

Q[edit]


Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



q[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*qwetwor
  • four

R[edit]


Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



r[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*rēydʰ-
*rē(w)-
  • quiet1
  • quiet, calm1
*rēd-
  • to scrape, gnaw, scratch1
  • to scrape, scratch, gnaw1 2 3 4 5
*rēyb-
  • motley1
*-ro-
*reidh-
  • ride1
  • to ride1
  • to put in order, make comfortable1 2
*rAwə-
  • to shout, to roar1
*rug(')-
  • upper clothes, shirt1
*reus-
  • to crasckle, roast1 2
*rǵipiyó-
*rē-dʰ
*rē-
  • friable, thin1
  • to row1 2 3 4
*ren-
  • to rise and sink, bob1
  • to rise; to sink1 2
*r̥-
*rēǵ-
*rōt-
*-riyo-
*rei-
  • to rise, arise1 2 3 4
  • to tear, cut1
  • to reason, count1 2 3
  • to regulate, reason, count1 2
  • reason, count1 2
  • to scratch, tear, cut1 2 3
  • spotted, streaked1
  • to lift oneself, rise1
*ru-
*rezg-
  • to waive, to plait1
*rep-
  • to tear, snatch1
*rewdʰ-
  • red1
*res-
  • rest, roo1
  • to shout, speak1 2
*rou-
*ros-
*reydʰ-
*rey-
*rowǝ-
*rŭ-
*rādh-
  • to promote, assist1
*-r
*reudʰ
  • red1
*rot(h)
*reud-
  • to tear1
*ret(h)
*rəs-
*reu-
  • to tear, dig, gather1
*rōs-
*rū-
  • to roar, cry hoarsely1
*rēyp-
*reǵ-
  • straight, direct1
  • to make straight1
  • to straighten, direct1
  • chief, king1 2 3
*resg
*reh₁-
  • to put in order1
*rent-
  • cut1
  • to cut, square1
*ret-
*rÀs-
  • to shout, speak1
*reudʰ-
*róth₂o
*reuǵ-
  • to roar1
*rabh-
  • to rage1
*reudh-
*rēy-
  • thing; possession1 2
  • to count, put in order, arrange, make comfortable1
  • to scream, shout, roar, bellow, bark, growl1
*rebh-
  • rib1
  • arch, ceiling, cover1
*rēydʰ-
  • to count, order1
*rāt-
  • bar, beam, stem1
*ras-
*reg-
  • to straighten, direct, make right1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
  • go straight, guide, be just1
  • move in a straight line1
*rē-
  • friable, thin1
*reidʰ-
  • to put in order, ease, make comfortable1
*rot-
*rēy-(r)
*rê-dh
*rēg-
  • to care, help1
*rēgs
*reup-
  • to rip, tear1
  • to tear, peel1 2 3 4
*rewǝgh-
  • to sour1
  • to sour [milk]1

S[edit]


Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



s[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*(s)kéltis
*skeu-
  • to cover, conceal1 2
*seni-
*spē-/sphē-
  • to succeed, turn out well1
*sap-
*suHyús
*(s)tena-
  • to thunder, roar, groan1
*strug-
*(s)tel-
  • be still1
*(s)kāi-
  • light, bright, shining1
*smak
*spyū
*skrep-
  • to engrave1
*swéḱs
*sug-
*spōl-
  • to fall1
*(s)keru-
*(s)pat-
  • path; to walk1 2 3
*stāi-
  • something hard1 2
*spēy-
  • chip, shaving, log, length of wood1
  • prickle, pointed stick1
*sāg(')-
  • to track1
*sweyd-
  • to sweat1 2 3
*(s)per-
  • to spray, inject, snort1
  • beam, bar1
  • to strew, sow, sprinkle1
*streng-
  • stiff, tight1
*skāpos
*(s)pent-
*sp(ʰ)eng
  • to shine1
*(s)teup-
  • to push, strike1
*(s)kreb(h)-
*sneh-
  • to flow, to swim1 2
*ster-
  • barren1
  • hard1
  • to be stiff; to bristle, strut, stumble, fall1
  • stiff1 2 3 4
*(s)ptēiw
*(s)ḱew-
  • to heed, look, feel, take note of1
  • to bend, arch, bow1
*(s)ḱow-
*swem(bh)-
  • to be unsteady, swim1 2 3 4
*smegʰ-
*sed-
*skid- -> *skey-
*sr(o)up-
*sekʷe-
*sḱeid-
*swergʰ-
  • to watch over, worry1
*sekʷ-
  • to follow1 2 3 4 5 6
  • to say1 2 3
  • to accompany, to follow1
  • to see, notice1 2
  • to follow, accompany1
  • to see1
*sewo-
*sisdō
*swēyd-
  • milk1
*(s)kʷálos
*strengʰ-
  • rope, cord, strand; to tighten1
  • rope, cord; to be tight1
*stAug-
*steup-
  • to push, stick1 2 3
*(s)twer-
*sūr-
  • sour (milk)1
*sÁk-
*(s)kerd-
*spidtos
*smey-
  • to laugh, be glad, wonder1
*(s)keu-
  • to cover, conceal1 2
  • sky, cloud1
  • to cover1 2 3 4 5 6 7
*(s)pelbh-t-
  • spelt, spelt meal1 2
*skrew-
*srobʰ-
  • to sip, slurp, gulp1
*sod-
*selbʰ-
  • one's own1
*(s)kʷoyt-
*seykʷ-
  • to filter1
*seh₂wel-, *seh2wel-(r)
*sapon-
*skeng
*sētis-
*snewr
  • sinew, nerve1
*sleig-
*seil-
  • still, windless, quiet, slow1 2
*seip-
  • to pour out, trickle, strain1
  • to drip, to trickle1
  • to pour out, drip, strain, trickle1
  • to pour out, drip, trickle, strain1
*sken-
*srp-
*stÁb(h)-
*ser-
  • to flow, run1
  • watch over, protect1
  • to bind, put together1 2 3 4 5
  • to flow, stream1
  • flow, stream1
  • to watch over, protect1
  • to put in line, in sequence, to tie, to assemble1
  • to arrange, tack, tie, unite1
*stār-
*(s)teug-
  • to push, beat1
  • to beat, push1
  • to beat, thrust, push1
  • to shock, butt, impact1
*skeu(t)-
  • cover1
*sayǝw-
  • hard, rough, painful1
*sth₂no
*sek-
*sedstós
  • seated1
*stā-
  • to stand, place; upright pole1
  • to stand, place1
  • to stand1 2 3
*strew-
  • to spread, to strew1
*sperhₓg-
  • to make a noise1
*sokʷ(h)-
  • companion1
*steh₂-
*supnos
*sterh₃-
  • to stretch out, extend, spread1
*sh₂em
  • sing1
*sag-
  • to investigate1
  • track down1
*sān-
  • healthy, happy1 2
*sew-
  • juice, moisture, rain1
  • juice, sap1 2
  • juice, liquid1 2
  • to bend, to cut, to drive1
*stAlǝm-
  • stem, trunk1 2
*sen(e)-
  • separate, without1
*(s)pāug(')-
  • brilliance, spectre1 2 3
*spē-
  • chip, shaving, log, length of wood1
  • to prosper, turn out well1
  • to stretch, to pull1 2
*samo- -> *sem-
*segʰ-
  • to hold1
*stemb(h)-
  • to support, stamp, become angry, be astonished1
  • to support, stamp, become angry, be amazed1 2
*syew-
  • to leave, let remain1
*sem-, *somos(r), *samo-(r)
  • summer1
  • same, like, together1
  • together1
  • one1
  • one, together1 2 3
  • one, whole1 2 3 4 5 6
  • together, one1
  • one, as one1 2
*sont-
*(s)ter-
  • strong, firm, stiff, rigid1
*swep-
*(s)k(')ew-
  • sky, cloud1
*sleh₁g-
  • weak, feeble1
*swoyos
*sal(w)-
*(s)kelǝ-
  • to split, cut1 2 3
*skrei-dʰlom
*senk-
  • to burn1 2
*seinos
  • his1
*seino-
*swel-
  • sun1
  • to shine, warm1
  • to burn, to scorch1
*sḱew-
*s(w)e-
  • separate, apart1
*sm̥teros
*sap
  • skill1 2
*salǝḱ-
*stern-
  • forehead, chest, side1 2 3
*svenyo-
*séh₂wl
*seib-
*swell
*stÁbʰ-
*(s)klāw-
  • nail, hook, pin, key1 2
*su̯e-t-
*sentʰ-
*stī-no-
*(s)ḱeu-
  • to heed, look, feel, take note of1
*sn̥gʷ-
  • to sink, fall1
*sū-
  • swine1
*(s)prei-
  • to destroy, scatter1
  • to strew, spread, sprinkle1
  • to strew, sow1 2
*salǝk-
  • willow1
*séh₂ -> *
*swésōr
  • sister1 2
*sinǵʰa-
*sr̥bʰ-
  • to sip, drink, gulp1
*skerei-
  • to scream, screech1
*(s)mey-
  • to laugh, be glad, wonder1
*stAy-
  • stone1
*(s)upo
  • under, up from under1 2
  • Manx: fo
  • Old Irish: fo
*smoḱ-ro
*(s)kʷeyt-
*(s)kale-
*sep-
  • to try, research1 2
*(s)krep-
*swebʰ-
*(s)ten-
*septḿ̥-dḱomt
  • seven-ten1
*srew-, *srow-(r), *strow-(r)
  • flow, stream1 2 3 4
  • to flow1 2 3 4
  • to stream, flow1
*(s)pheng-
  • to shine1 2
*shiny, light brown
*skerp-
*soi
  • Old English: se
*srungʰ-
*stewp-
*sup-
  • to sleep1
*sēik-
  • to cut1 2
*(s)kerə-
  • to cut1
*(s)kreik-
*sph-
  • to prosper, to turn out well1 2
*stāl-
  • frame, rack, stand1
*suk-
  • to suck1 2
*(s)kreb-
  • to scratch, engrave1
*sélpos
*sn̥g-
*spə-dh-
*sh₂uln-ós
  • of the sun1
*sáls
*stomen-
*(s)krengh-
  • to turn, bend1
*(s)teg-
  • to cover with a roof1
  • stick, stake1 2 3 4 5
  • rod, pole, stick1
*sǵhē-
  • to hold, have, possess1
*stə-
  • stand, set1
*seh₂g-
  • to seek out1
*spr̥ǵʰ
*stelǝ-
*stak-
*supó
  • Proto-Germanic: *ub
*slenk
  • to turn, twist1
*steigno
*stāk-
  • stand, pole1
*(s)ḱar-
*(s)kamb-
  • crooked1 2
*(s)kewH-
*(s)mal-
*(s)kend-
  • to split off, secede1
*seyl-
  • to be silent1
*(s)kÀp-
  • to split, divide1
  • to split, cut1
*selke-
  • to drag, to furrow1 2
  • Old English: sul
  • Old English: sulh
*seg-
  • to stick, adhere1
*skat-
  • to jump, skip, splash out1 2
  • to jump, hop, splash out1
*(s)kerb(h)-
  • to turn, bend, shrink1 2 3
*swen-
  • sun1
*somos -> *sem-
*sewol-
  • Old English: sol
*sā- -> *seh₂-
  • to satiate, be satisfied1
  • to satiate, satisfy1
*slōw-
  • safe, healthy1 2
*swordo-
  • dirty, dark, black1 2
*swAig-
  • to turn, move around, wander, swing1 2
*-skā-
*sā
  • Old English: seo
  • Old Saxon: se
  • Old Saxon: si
*saw-
*slaid-
*slak-
  • to beat, pound1
  • to hit, hammer1
  • to hit, throw1 2
*suopno-
*sū
  • swine1
*stl̥n
*seuy-
*(s)mē-
  • to rub1
*septm̥̄ḱomt
*sapiros
*(s)kerǝd-
  • to dance, jump1 2 3
*(s)kep-
  • cover1
*, *séh₂(r), *tód(r), *to-(r), *tód(r), *séh₂(r)
*sene-
*seh₂ls
  • Serbo-Croatian: so
  • Serbo-Croatian: sol
  • Serbo-Croatian: со
  • Serbo-Croatian: сол
  • Slovene: sol
*steig-
*spenio
*stelə-
  • stem, trunk, base1
*stebh-
  • a stake, post; to support, stamp, insist, become angry1
*sawsos
*sūdʰlā
*séu̯e
*(s)kAy-
  • hot; to heat1
*(s)kub-
*strenk-
*sḗm
*(s)lēg-
  • soft, weak1
*snóygʷʰos -> *sneygʷʰ-
  • snow1
*(s)lagw-
  • to take, seize1
*sebʰ-
*seyk-
  • to pour, strain1
*streg-
*suwen-
  • sun1
  • Old English: sol
*sḱid-
  • to cleave, to cut1
*sh₂lik-
*stel-
  • to put, stand1
  • to put, place, locate1 2 3
  • stalk, trunk1
  • broad, to broaden1
  • to put, place1
  • to place, put, post, stand1
  • to place, put, post, stand, be rigid1
*spreg-
  • to make a sound1
  • to make a sound, utter, speak1
  • to make a sound, speak1
*sent-
*sghē-
  • to hold1 2
*(s)keg-
  • to shake, stir1
*(s)pala-
*sal-yo-
*sphel-
*seh₂dh-yo-
  • successful1
  • Old Armenian: աջ
*stAlǝn-
*(s)meld-, *smel-(r)
  • to beat, grind, crush, make weak1
  • to beat, grind, crush, weaken1 2 3
*stā-r-
*sōm-
*(s)keu-t-
*stetis-
*serp
  • to crawl1
*(s)tAlg- / -e-
*sam
  • together1
*sak-
  • marsh plant1
  • to sanctify, to make a treaty1 2
*smelə-
  • to burn, smoke, smoulder; tar, pitch1
*sal-
  • dirt, dirty1 2 3
  • dirty, grey1
*sih₂
  • Ancient Greek:
  • Irish:
*selpo-
*sleiǵ-
  • to beat1
  • to glide, smooth, spread1
*suh₁-
  • swine1 2
*seghe-
*smel- -> *(s)meld-
*spereg-
  • to twitch, be fast, blow1
  • to shrug, be quick, twitch, splash, blast1
*speḱ-
  • to look1
*(s)kok-
*steg-
  • to stab, pierce1
*skuH-r-
*(s)ter-n-
  • sharp stalk or thorn1
*sl̥h₂-sḱ-ye-
*(s)pingos
*spar-
*sḱeyd-
  • to cut off1
  • to part with, separate, cut off1
*swombh-
  • sponge, tree-fungus, swamp1 2
*swād-
  • sweet1
*sóh₂wl̥
*spor-
*skotos
*sūro-
  • sour, salty, bitter1 2
  • French: sur
  • Jèrriais: su
*snoigʷʰos
*swerk-
  • clothes worn outside1
*steyǵʰ-
  • to walk1
*skotwōs
*sengʷ-
  • to fall, sink1
  • to sink, to drop1
*swidro-
*(s)kAg'-
*suHs
  • Albanian: thi
  • Old English: su
*spiHn-
*snígʷʰs -> *sneygʷʰ-
*senu-
*sodéye-
*syuh₁-
  • to sew1 2
*(s)melw-
  • to grind, crush, beat1
*snoygʷʰós(r) -> *sneygʷʰ-
*sodos
*spr̥dʰ-
  • contest1
*sket-
*(s)teub-
  • to push, hit; stick, stump1
*sm̥H-l-
*(s)merd-
  • to sting1
  • to bite, sting1 2
  • to burn1
*(s)keri-
*sam-
*(s)ker-
*(s)pen-
  • to pull, stretch, spin1
*snéh₁
  • to spin, twist1
*sal-bʰi-
  • dirt, excrement1
*snusós
  • daughter-in-law1 2
*swento-
  • active, healthy1 2
*serbʰ-
*swēdʰ-
*swedh-no-
*(s)ku-bʰ-ro-
*sabʰ-
*(s)lÁb-
  • to hang loose, be limp1
*spek-
  • to look1
*(s)kēu̯d-es
*spyēw
*steb(ʰ)-
  • post, pole, (tree) trunk; to support, to hold, to pound, to tread1
*sHdʰ-yo-
  • Old Armenian: աջ
*swéḱs-dḱomt-h₂
  • six-ten1
*(s)kreyk-
*swol-
  • sole1
  • sole of the foot1
*skew-
  • cloud cover, cloud, sky1
*(s)ḱou-
*(s)tern-
  • starling1
  • thorny bush, thorn1 2
*stengʰ-
  • to prick, stick, pierce1
  • to sting; rod, blade; sharp, stiff1
*sm̥-h₂-ó-
  • summer, year1
*sr̥djo
*sal-bʰo-
  • dirty1
*skʰodoro
*swȇḱuros
*sweh₂d
*sāl
*seǵhe-
*seug-
*sperw-
  • to twitch, push, fidget, be quick1
*su̯r̥dhom
  • sword1
*st(e)ig-
*(s)tona-
*(s)keu-s
*sweḱuros
*skrībʰ-
*(s)pelbh-
*(s)ḱamb-
*solwos
*san-
  • apart, without, for oneself1
*(s)krewt-
  • to cut1
*(s)keud-
  • to drive, fall upon, rush1
*sweḱsḱomt
*sun-
*(s)kreig-
  • to screech, creak1
  • a type of bird1
  • a kind of bird1
*sm̥tóm
*sans
*(s)teu-
*swent-
  • active, healthy1
*(s)teig-
  • to be sharp, to stab, to goad, to puncture1
  • to be sharp, to stab1
*sregʰ
*(s)leh₁g-
*smer-
  • to fall into thought, remember, care for1 2 3
  • to fall into thought, remember, take care1
*sn̥k-
*sweh₂gʰ-
*stig-
  • to pierce, prick, be sharp1 2
*su-
  • pig1
*(s)klew-
*steyg-
  • pierce1
*stéh₂-
*(s)lemb-
*sweh₂d-
  • to taste1
*swengʰ-
*steyə-
  • to thicken, clump up, condense1
*stÁbh-
*swopnos
  • dream1
*(s)kewǝ-
  • to cover, bedeck1
*smultaz
*sneygʷʰ-, *snígʷʰs(r), *snoygʷʰós(r), *snoygʷʰos(r), *snóygʷʰos(r)
*sku̯ḗis
  • Albanian: hu
*streyg-
  • line, stroke, dash1
  • to strike1
  • stroke; to strike1
  • stroke1 2
*stek-
  • to stand, stell, hold1
*sph₂en-
*(s)keudh-
  • to cover, wrap, encase1
*(s)kʷAl-
  • to whine, shout1
*(s)trebh-
  • rigid, stiff, tight1
*skʷē-
*skab-
  • to cut, split, form, carve1
*sēl-
  • to calm, quiet, be favourable1 2
*stestóh₂-
*(s)téh₂wros
  • bison, bull1
*smey-
*smeg-
  • to taste1
*(s)terə-
  • rigid, stiff1 2
*sup-no-
*sriHges-
*(s)ḱub-
  • shoulder, thigh1
*sker-
  • cut1
  • to turn, bend1 2
  • to bend, turn1
  • shear1
  • to twist, bend1
  • dung, manure1
*sīu̯-
  • to sew1
*spérmn̥
*sh₂tis
  • satiation, satisfaction1
*(s)kand
*sm̥H-
  • year1
  • Old Armenian: ամ
*sthel-
  • to place, put1
*smēig-
  • small, delicate1
*(s)par-
*sleyg-
*(s)tāu-
*(s)kayt-
*skord-
*sper-no-
  • wing1
*sper-
  • to strew1
*spʰel-
  • to split, cast off1
*salək-
  • willow1
*smAk-
*(s)leu-
  • slack, limp1
*swelk-
  • to gulp1
*sriges-
*streudh-
  • rigid, stiff1
*stoh₂u-
*(s)keit-
*spr̥nh₁-
  • to kick1
*swey-
  • to twist, swing1
*séh₂tis
  • satiety1
*sedlo-
*smh₁-tleh₂
*selk
*str̥gos
*skei- -> *skey-
  • cut, separate1
  • to split, cut1 2
  • to cut, split1 2
  • to cut1 2 3 4
  • to cut, to divide, to separate1
  • to split, to dissect1 2
*se
  • Icelandic: svo
  • Old English: swa
  • Proto-Germanic: *sek
*sedlos
*stísteh₂-
*sāwel-
*s(e)h₂tos
*snew-
*(s)lag-
  • to take, seize1
*sweḱuro-
*seh₁-
  • to sow, plant1
  • to sow1 2 3 4
*sth-
  • to stand1 2 3
*skÁit-
  • to cut, part, separate1 2
  • to cut, part, spearate, divide1
  • to cut, part, divide, separate1
*(s)krama-
*sh₂lk-
*swepnos
*swē
*seng-
*(s)terp-
  • to be dead, motionless1
*stewd-
*súpnos
*steip-
*steib-
  • stake, picket1
*sem
  • one1
*sleh₂gʷ-
*stembʰ-
  • to support, stomp, curse, be amazed1
*solk
  • to pull1
*su̯om
  • Albanian: u
*(s)tur-
  • to rotate, twirl, swirl, move1
*(s)kalǝ-
*spowd-
*se-
  • aside, separated, apart1
*(s)klēw-
  • to lock1
*swl̥dsḱ-
*septm̥-ḱómt-h₂
*swéḱuros
  • father-in-law1
*swāghe-
  • to shout1
*suHnús
  • son1
*(s)kʷel-
  • crowd, people1 2 3 4
*swe
*skēi-b-, *ski-b-
*slab-
  • to be weak, be languid1
*spein-
*(s)kew-
  • to hide, wrap up, conceal1
*seik-
  • to pour, strain1
*sapiro-s
*(s)lūt-
*(s)peǵ-
  • to understand; intelligent, attentive1
*sámh₂dʰos
  • sand1
*snt-
*swé
*sp(h)er(e)-g-
*sparrow
*skleid-
*(s)peng-
  • to shine1
*seg-2
  • to attach, to touch1
*(s)peḱje/o
*srow- -> *srew-
*swerg-
*sm̥-
*seiw-
*sweh₂d-u-
  • sweet1
*sper(g)-
  • sparrow, bird1 2
*sth₂-lo-
*snewbʰo-
  • to marry, to wed1 2 3 4
*skar-
  • to divide1
*sweid-
*stÁb-
*(s)mut-
  • dark, dirty1
*smeit- -> *smeyt-
*seu-
*spʰē-
  • to prosper, turn out well1 2
*(s)kel-
  • to be obliged, be beholden to, owe, be guilty1
  • to lean, bend; joint1
  • to be guilty, be obligated, owe1 2
  • to cut1 2 3
  • to cut, trim1
  • to crook, bend1
  • to be obligated, owe, be guilty1
*(s)lat-
  • beam, log1
*seh₂-, *sā-(r)
  • to satiate, be satisfied1 2
  • to satiate1 2
*sm̥-kr̥t
  • one time1 2 3
*som-
  • together1
*stembh-
  • to stay, support, stamp, become angry, be amazed1
*(s)poHi-m-
  • foam1
*ster
*skei-d-
  • to part1
*stebʰ-
  • post, stem1
*somHós
*smeyt-, *smeit-(r)
*(s)koli
*(s)kerei-
  • to scream, caw1 2
*(s)new-
*swepōr
*(s)tewb-
  • to push, hit1
*(s)kol-
*sel-
  • dwelling1
  • of good mood1 2 3
  • to grab1
  • of good mood, to favor1
  • to sneak, creep1
  • mountain, ridge, forest1
  • human settlement, village, dwelling1 2 3
*slaid-, *sled-
*serp-
*spheh₁y-
  • sharp, sharp stick1 2 3
*(s)uperi
  • over, above1
*stāino-
*(s)kreuk-
*seu̯H-
  • to bear, give birth1
*(s)néh₁
*(s)terbh-
*-skiyo-
*saləḱ-
*swedʰ-
  • custom, habit1 2
*(s)r̥h₂gós
  • berry1
*speis-
  • to blow1
*stratos
*(s)kenǝ-
  • skin, rind; to peel1
*(s)ton-
  • to thunder, roar, groan1
*(s)keid-
*swer-
  • to speak, talk1
  • to cut, pierce, fester1 2
  • ‘fester, suppurate’ later ‘pierce, wound’1 2
  • to protect, to guard1
*swō
*sneubʰ-
*swepno-
*seǵʰ-
*smek-
  • chin1
*s(w)ent-
*sūl-
*serw-
  • to guard1
*swépnos
  • dream1 2
*smeltaz
  • quiet, gentle1
*skek-
  • to run, jump, spring1 2 3 4 5
*(s)lembʰ-
  • to hang loosely, hang limply1 2 3
*spend-
  • to pull, stretch1
*sh₂un-
*(s)kreyg-
  • to scream, screech, caw1
*smAg-
  • to taste1
*séynos
*skeud-
*(s)pāug-
  • brilliance, spectre1
*sin-
*(s)krengʰ-
  • to turn, bend1
*(s)tenh₂-
*(s)koro-
  • leather1 2
*sh₂el-
*siā
  • Old English: seo
  • Old Saxon: se
  • Old Saxon: si
*sēy-
  • to tie, tie to, knit, connect1
  • to sow, throw1
*(s)kem-
  • to cover1 2 3
*sāg-
  • to seek, trace1
*sth₂-ti-s
*(s)pīk(ʷ)-
  • a kind of bird1
*selp-
  • butter, grease1
*sp(t)yewH-
  • to spit, spew1
*sor-
  • red, rosy, pink1
*smelә-
  • to burn, smoulder, smoke; tar, pitch1
*(s)p(h)el-
*slap-
  • to be weak, limp, languid1 2
*smiyo-
  • Old Armenian: մի
*sperg-
  • sparrow1
*sendhro-
  • coagulating fluid,scale, cinder1
*septḿ̥
*(s)lei-
  • slimy1 2
*sēmi-
*sweḱrúh₂
  • mother-in-law1
*(s)pereg-
  • to be quick, twitch, sprinkle, splash1
  • to strew, jerk, sprinkle, scatter1
  • to shrug, be quick, twitch, splash, blast1
  • to twitch, flip, shoot, splash, make a sound1
*-sti-
*srebʰ-
*sk̑ii̯eh₂
*solo-
  • whole1
  • integrate, whole1 2
*sedio-
*skʷel-
*seh₁k-
  • to arrive1
*sow-
  • juice; to squeeze juice1
*spey-
  • expand, extend, stretch1 2
*spoyǝmn-
*suHsos
*surgh-
  • worry, care, be sick1
*séh₂ls
*(s)weib-
  • to twist, wind around, swing, sweep, bend1
  • to twist, wind around1
*splt-no-
  • an off-split, segment1
*sizdō
*s(H)i-n-
*snēw-
  • tendon1
  • sinew1
*(s)terg-
  • rigid, stiff1 2
*(s)k(ʷ)Ard-
  • short1
*skeuk-
*stōr-
  • big, thick, old1 2
*(s)mer-
  • to be mindful, remember, take careful thought of1
  • to be mindful, remember, think1
  • to remember, be mindful1
*(s)ker
  • to cut1
*sīw-
  • to sew1
*sey-
  • to bind, knit, tie together, tie to, connect1
  • to tie to, tie together1
*smeyd-
  • to smear, whisk, strike, rub1
  • to smear, whick, strike, rub1
*(s)kel
  • cut1
*skulu-
  • bullock; bull1
*snter-
*skand-
  • to jump1
*seyb-
  • to pour out, dribble, strain, trickle1
*(s)weip-
  • to twist, wind around1
*(s)pōl-
  • to fall1
*solH-
  • dirt, dirty1
*sipto-
*sol-
  • whole1
*stegʰ-
*stomn-
*(s)ken-
*senh₁-
*(s)kreit-
*steigʰ-
*sgʷes-
  • extinguish, quell1
*s(w)e-bh-
*sterbʰ-
  • to be stiff1
*stere-
*sleyǵ-
  • to glide, smooth, spread1
*(s)ptyēw-
  • to spit, vomit1
*srowmos
*swen-to-
*(s)k(ʷ)Art-
*spu-
  • Albanian: fyt
*sokʷ-yo-
  • companion1 2
*spel-
  • to break off, split1
  • to tell1
*(s)klep-
  • to steal1
*(s)pel-
  • to split in two, split in half1
  • to split1
*steypH-
*sénos
*siste-
*stut-
*steh₂u-
*steyb-
*(s)peḱ-
*stoigno
*seh₂l-
*styu-
*skeit-
  • to vomit, retch, shit1 2
*(s)pend-
  • to pull, stretch1
*strē-
  • strong, steady1
  • to be strong, steady, rigid, fixed1
*(s)plei-
  • to divide, split, splice1
*(s)neh₁-
  • to spin1
*seh₂d-
*(s)róh₂gs
*swěr-
  • heavy1
*strow- -> *srew-
*swidrōs
*smei-
  • to smear, stroke, wipe, rub1
*(s)kewdʰ-
  • to cover, encase1
*sneyt-
  • to cut1 2
*salw-
*sweig-
*skabʰ-
  • to scratch1
*smē-
*sneit-
*sane-
  • apart, without1
*stebh
  • post, stem1
*sab-
  • juice1
*sper(w)-
*skÀbʰ-
*solH
*séh₁mn̥
  • seed1
*sar-
  • red, pink1
*sórmos
*swelō
*snéh₁-
  • to spin, twist1
*(s)kreut-
  • to cut1 2
*(s)pāuǵ-
*(s)pen(d)-
  • to pull; to spin1 2
*sh̥₂uén
*sewe-
*sokʷós
*(sm̥-)ǵʰéslo-
*sled-
  • to rend, injure, crumble1
*senew-
  • sinew1
*(s)kert-
  • short1
*(s)ḱoun-
  • quick, dashing, beautiful1 2 3 4
*(s)keng-
  • to limp, be crooked, slant1
*su̯o-
*smeh₁-
  • smear, rub1 2
*spere-
  • ankle1
*steygʰ-
  • to go, march, embark, climb1
  • to walk, proceed, march, climb1
*séḱs
  • six1
*steh₂w-
  • to set, place1
*swēr-
*(s)ptēiw-
*skÁi-
  • to cut, divide, separate1 2
*stemb-
  • to trample down1
*sweḱsḱomth₂
*swoyd-
*skelo
*sentnos
*stemno-
*(s)peys-
  • to blow, breathe1 2 3 4
*skey-, *skid-(r), *skei-(r)
*suh₂kéh₂
*stīpos
*sḱel-
*swoid-
*steup
*swesōr
*supér
*(s)táwros
*smukʷʰ-
  • to smoke; a smoke1 2
*semi-
*sta-
  • to stand, stay1
  • to stand1
*(s)meh₁l-
*(s)kreu-
  • to cut1
*(s)kaydʰ-
  • clear, bright, shining1
*sl̥i-
*skreb-
  • to engrave1
*(s)te-
  • to stand, place1
*(s)krewk-
  • to turn, bend1
*(s)pīn-
*sleidh-
  • to slip1 2 3 4
  • to slip, glide1
*swéḱs-dḱomt
  • six-ten1
*sh₂el-d-u-
*(s)mel-
  • to beat, crush, grind1
  • to weaken, soften, crush, grind1
  • small, mean, malicious1 2
  • to beat, grind1
*-sko-
*solw-

T[edit]


Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



t[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*trōw-
  • to beat, wound, kill, torment1 2 3
*teh₂y-
  • to steal1
*teros
*tol-
  • to bear, carry1
*te
  • Old English: þe
  • Proto-Germanic: *þek
*tūl-
*tel-
*tekw-
  • to run, flow1 2 3
*trem-
*téh₂wros
*-to-
*-ti
*tod
*to-(r) → **só
  • demonstrative pronoun1 2
  • the, that1
*to split, cast off
*trep-
  • to saturate, enjoy1
*trē-
  • to rub, rub by turning, turn, twist, bore1
*(t)persneh₂-
  • heel1
*tuHsenti-
*teḱþ-
  • to plait, woodwork, carpenter1
*treb-
  • settlement1 2
  • room, dwelling, settlement1
  • dwelling, room1 2
*trūk-
  • to press1
*temHesi
*twe-
*tel(ə)-
  • to bear, support, suffer1 2
*tons
  • Albanian: ata
**tewtéh₂
*tonǵ-
  • to think1
*tā-
  • to melt, to dissolve1
*te-ge
  • thee1
*trenk(w)-
  • to beat, hew, press1 2
*tres-
*-tro-
*tre(h₂)gʰ-
*tl̥h₂ent-
*trenkw-
*tenw(ə)-
*tempos
*tragʰ-
  • to draw, drag1 2
*tenk-
*teh₂l-
  • to grow; young animal1
*treh₁-tu-
*tḷ-mon
*taḱs-
*tere-
  • to rub, to turn1
**ténh₂us
*twé-
  • Portuguese: te
*tʷak-
  • to bathe1
*trūg-
  • to press, beat1 2 3
*ter-
  • through, throughout, over1
  • rigid, stiff1
  • through, over1 2
  • to cry out, to yell1
  • to grind, drill, turn1
  • through1
  • to rub, rub by twisting, twist, turn1
  • through1
  • to cross over1 2
  • to rub, bore, twist1
  • to rub1
*tor-
*tur-
*tórmos
  • borehole1
*treidh-
  • to have diarrhea1
*tʷerḱ-
*tak-
*twel-
  • sphere, bush1
*terh₁-
  • rub, twist1
*teg-
  • cover, roof1
  • cover1
*tu-
  • to swell1
*taǵ-
*teruno
  • Albanian: tru
*tūmon-
  • thick finger1
*ters-
**-tḗr
*-tlo-
*teh₂-y-
  • to steal1 2
*te-
  • second-person singular pronoun1
  • English: thee
  • Portuguese: te
*tep-
  • warm1
  • to be warm1 2 3 4
*tonéye-
  • to extend1
*tutu-
  • bird-cry, shriek1 2
**túh₂
*tegos
*tar-
  • there1
**-tus
*twer-
  • to turn, twirl, swirl, move1
  • to rotate, twirl, swirl, move1
*trityo-sth₂s
*to
*tel
*tag-
*-ter
*tew-
  • to swell1
*t(e)mp-lo-s
*telh₂-
*-tieh₂-
*tek-
*tuei-
*teh₂ws-
  • still, silent1
*toigno
*terg-
*tus-
  • to empty1
*tūk-
*teh₂-
  • to melt1 2
*trīḱomt
*trab-
**teng-
  • to think1 2 3
**-tōr
*-tel-
*ten-s
*teuk-
*tenw-
  • pull1
  • to pull1
*terp-
  • to have good food, prosper, satiate, enjoy1 2
*temHos
  • darkness1 2
*tekʷ-
*tawros
*téh₂es
  • Albanian: ato
*tаgʲ-
**-tis
**-tós
*tuh₂s-n-
*téynos
*tormos
*tegʰ-
*teḱ-
  • to receive1 2
*tāw-
  • to melt1 2
*tkei-
*teg(')w-
  • thick1
*tēgʰ-
*tewʰ-
  • to swell1
*tuHsont-
**-trom
*-tero-
*treg-
  • still, rigid1 2
  • stiff, rigid1 2 3
*tn̥ǵʰu-
  • to become firm, curdle, thicken1
*temó-
  • dark1
*tri-dḱomt
*teke-
*tekwos
  • runner1 2
*trh₂ǵ-ti-
*teus-
*tenuh₂-
*tēt-
*tr̥-
*teter-
  • grouse1
*torh2mo-
  • hole1
*tóm
*teh₂w-
  • to melt1
**tód → **só
  • demonstrative pronoun1
  • this, that1 2 3
*tHk-
*tḷ-
*terkʷ-
*teh₂wros
*tr̥nom
*tenkh-
  • to succeed, turn out well1
*tegus
  • thick1
**tréystis
  • in a bad mood1
**tréyes
*treh₂ǵ-
*tr
*tāt-
  • father1
*táwros
*tauros
  • Albanian: ter
**trenk-
  • to beat, hew, press1
*tewd-
*teigno
*trud-
  • to swell, become stiff1
*tyegw-
*trozdos
  • thrush1
*trozdo-
  • thrush1
*ten-
  • temple of the head1
  • to stretch, draw1 2 3 4
  • to stretch1
*tūm-
  • to swell, to increase1 2
  • to swell, be thick1
*terǵ-
  • to rub, wipe, clean, make holes1
*temp-
  • to stetch, string1 2
  • to stretch, string1
  • to pull, stretch1
*-ti-
*-tio-
*teḱs-
  • to hew, trim1 2
*trosdos
*-tion

U[edit]


Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



u[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*upo
  • under, below1
*upéri
*u̯el(ə)-
*u̯ésr̥
*u̯ésn̥tes
*us-t-h₂-ós
*u̯er-
*upér
*ueru-
*un-
*upso-
*ukto-
*ul̥-
  • wool, grass1
*ud-s-kio
*u-s-
  • off, from1
  • Proto-Germanic: *uz-
*upelo-
*uds-
*uss-
  • Old English: or-
*up
*-usyā
*ud-s-
  • up, out1
  • Proto-Germanic: *uz-
*uperi
*urh₁en-
*uksḗn
  • bull1
*uper
  • Irish: ar
*uk-
*udreh₂
*u̯ortokʷ-
*ues-
  • to be dressed1
*u̯oséi̯e/o
*uksin-
  • ox, bull1
*uzdho
*u̯orHd-i/o
  • frog1
*unite, fit
*-u
*uskio-
*ukʷs-en-
*u(H)pso-
*u̯eǵʰ-
*unt-
*urugʰyo-
  • rye1
*urugʰya-
*usn
*u̯iḱpot(i)s
  • Albanian: zot
*ul-
*ud
*u̯iḱ-
*und-
*ués-t-eh₂-
*ud-
  • up, out1
*urb
*upo-
  • over, above1
*u̯iḱpotni̯eh₂
*-(u)lo-, -(e)lā-
  • Old English: -el
*upér-
  • over, above1
*upélos
  • evil1

V[edit]


Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



v[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*ver-
  • bond; rope; to bind with a rope1
*vogʷʰ-
*ved
*vesr̥
*vendʰa-
*viḱ
  • house, village1
*vesar
*vēs-no-

W[edit]


Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



w[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*wēr-
  • true, benevolent, friendly, kind1
  • true, benevolent1 2
*wod-
  • wet; water1
  • water; wet1
  • wet, water1
  • wet1 2
*wrd-
  • root1
*wl̥-
  • to turn, to roll, to curl1
*weh₂ti-
*war-
*wenh₁-
  • desire1
*wrū-
  • to cover, defend, guard1 2
  • to cover, shelter, defend, guard, shut1
*wor-
*worǵ-(r) -> *werǵ-
*wrengʰ-
  • to twist, weave, tie together1
*wa(n)k-
*wītā
  • willow1
  • Old Armenian: գի
*wā-
*wan-
*werǵʰ-
*wops-
*wrengh-
*wen-
  • love1
  • to strive, desire, wish, love1
  • to strive, love, want, reach, win1
  • to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love1
  • to desire, wish for, strive after, win, love1
  • to strive1 2
  • to strive, wish, desire, love1 2
  • to love, desire, wish, strive for1
  • love, desire1
*werg̑ʰ-
*wérǵom
*wos-
*wein-
*wrmo-
  • serpent, scorpion, maggot, worm1
*wenǝ-
  • to wish, seek, desire, love, win1
  • to wish, love1 2 3
  • to wish, desire, love1
*weliko-
  • willow-tree1
*wóyd-
  • to know1 2
*wi
  • apart, away1
*wédōr -> *wódr̥
  • water1
*wétos
*wokeh2-
*wegʷ-
  • wet; to irrigate; ox1
  • wet, to water1
*were-
*wers-
  • to mix up, confuse, beat, thresh1 2 3 4 5
  • male1
  • to mix up1
  • to grind, sand, sharpen, hone1
*wōkʷs -> *wṓkʷs
*wogʷ-
*wréh₂ds
  • root1
*wódr̥, *wodr-(r)
*werdʰo-
*wr̥mis
*wr̥mi-
*wreiḱ-
  • to turn, wrap, tie1 2
*weyh₁-
*weydstos
*wep-
  • bad1
*walg-
*weǵʰ-
  • to move1
  • to ride1 2 3
  • to go, transport1 2
  • to ride, go, transport1
  • to move, go, transport1 2
  • to move, drive1 2
*wetos-
*wortéye-
  • to turn1
*wai
  • suffer, be miserable1
*werb-
  • to turn, twist, bend1
  • to turn, bend1 2 3
  • to bend, turn1 2 3 4
  • to turn, twist1 2
*werp-
*wekʷsperos
*worHdʰ-
*wes-nu-
*wendʰ-
  • to turn, twist, wind, braid1 2
  • to turn, wind, braid1
  • to turn, wind1
*werh₃-
  • to speak1
*we-no-
  • absent, lacking, without1 2
*wert-
  • to turn, bend1
  • turn1
  • to rotate, spin1 2
  • to turn, wind1 2 3
  • to turn1 2 3
*weǵʰnos
*wer-iō
  • open1
*woyn(i)yos
*wān-
*widʰ-
  • to separate, split, cleave, divide1
*wiHrós
  • freeman1
  • man, freeman1
*widhu
  • tree1
*wesentós
  • spring1
*wun-
*wreg-
*wéteso
*wedh-
*weik(')-
  • to change1
*wṛǵ-
*wĺ̥kʷos, *wĺkʷós(r), *wĺ̥pos(r)
*welǝn-
*wank-
*wesus
*weyǝ-
  • power1
*wid-
*wer-
  • to turn, writhe, bend, twist1
  • to turn, twist, bend1
  • to close, cover, protect, save, defend1 2
  • crow1
  • to observe1
  • to turn, to bend1
  • to rip, tear1 2
  • to twist, bend1
  • to turn, bend1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
  • to close, cover, protect, defend1
  • to cut, scratch, tear, sketch an outline1 2
  • to turn1
  • to turn,bend1
  • to work, make1
  • to defend, protect, cover1
  • speak1 2 3
*wed-
  • wet1
*wel(H)-
  • to turn, roll1 2
*wesr̥
*woidh₂e
*wadʰ-
  • to pledge, redeem a pledge; guarantee, bail1
*wēbnom
*weng-
  • to bend, bow, arch, curve1 2 3
  • to bow, bend, arch, curve1
*wekʷos
*weg-
  • to be unsteady; crooked1
  • to swing, be unsteady, slant, be crooked1
  • to be strong1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
*wlē-
  • to twist, wind, roll1 2
*wedʰ-
  • to join1
*wisos
*welǝm-
  • wave1
*weib-
  • to oscillate, swing1 2
*wel
  • to wish, desire, want1
*wāst-
  • waste, barren1
  • empty, void1
*way-
  • woe1
*wes-
  • fat, moisture1
  • to dress1
  • stab1
  • to stick, prick, pierce, sting1 2
  • moist, wet1
*wh₁i-éie-
  • to plait1
*we-dhro-
  • weather1
*wrē-
  • to tell, speak1 2 3 4
  • to speak, say, tell1
*wreǵ-
  • to work, act1 2 3
*weydʰ-
*wedn-ós
  • of water1
*woǵʰos
*weip-
  • to oscillate, swing1
*wrei-
  • to rip, tear1
*wedos
*woino-
*wiHsos
*webʰ-
  • to weave1 2 3
  • to move here and there, to wave, to teem1
  • weave1 2
*wewer
*weye-
  • to drive1
  • to go, seek, crave, hunt, desire, drive1
*weh₁-
*wit-
*waldʰ-
  • to be strong, be powerful, prevail, possess1 2
*wiǵo
*weyk-
  • to overcome1
*walk-
  • to twist, turn, move1 2
  • to twist1
*wewer-
*wī-
  • separate, alone1
*weiḱ-
  • to settle; settlement, tribe1 2
*weh₁-r-eh₂
*wed-o-
*welʷ-
  • to turn, wind, roll1 2 3
*wrti-
*welə-
*wadh-
  • guarantee, bail1
  • wedh-1
*weyd-
  • to know; to see1
  • to see1
  • to see, know, perceive1 2 3 4
  • to see, to know1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • to know; to find1
  • to know; see1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
  • to know, to see1
  • see1 2
  • to see, know1
  • to see, view, behold, perceive1 2
  • know, see1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • to see; to know; to find1
  • perceive, see1
  • see, know1
  • to know1 2 3 4 5 6 7
*wās-y-
*weǵ-
  • to be fresh, be cheerful, be awake1
  • to be awake, be fresh or cheerful1
  • to be strong, be awake, be fresh, be cheerful1
  • to be awake, be fresh, be cheerful1 2
  • to be fresh, cheerful, awake1
  • lively1
  • to be strong1
*wokʷ- -> *wṓkʷs
  • to utter, speak1 2
*wātu-
  • inspired utterance1 2
*wodr-(r) -> *wódr̥
*wendh-
  • to turn, wind, weave1
*wrād-
  • sprout, root1
*we-
  • first person dual and plural pronoun1
  • self1
  • to blow1 2 3 4
  • blow, gust1
*wédʰstis
  • act of joining1
*widhu-
*webh-
  • to move to and fro, wander1
  • to move to and from, wander1
  • weave, braid1
  • weave1 2 3
*wel-
  • to want1 2 3 4 5
  • tear; pluck; rob; hurt; kill1
  • wool1
  • to see1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • to wish, desire, want1
  • to turn, wind, roll1
  • to cover, envelop1
  • to wish, choose1
  • turn1
  • see1 2
  • to turn, wind, round1 2
  • to turn1 2
  • good, best1
  • death in battle, killed in battle1
  • wish, desire1
*winǵo
*worn-
*wāsto-
*wrey-
  • to rip, tear1
*weng'-
  • neck, cheek1
*weǵʰ-yā-
*wetos
*wīk-
  • worm, earwig1
*weh₁ros
*wokeha-
*weh₁ro-
  • true1
*wekti-
  • cause, sake, thing1
  • object, thing1
*wisAn-
  • aurochs, aurochs horn1 2 3
*wóih₁nom
*welk-
  • to pull, draw, drag1
  • wet, moist1 2
*wele-
  • to be strong, possess1
*wobhsā-
*wl̥kʷíh₂
  • she-wolf1
*wreit-
  • to turn1
*wĺ̥pos(r) -> *wĺ̥kʷos
  • wolf1
*widstōr
  • the one that knows1
*wel(w)-
*wodor
  • water1 2
*wat-
  • to fan, inspire1
*wr̥dʰo
  • sweetbriar1
*-went-
*weys-
  • to flow, run1
  • to melt, flow1
*wAit-
*wṓkʷs, *wokʷs(r), *wōkʷs(r), *wōkʷs(r), *wokʷ-(r)
*wiH-ḱmti-
*woǵʰnos
*weit-
*wedʰrom
*-wont-
*wādʰ-
  • to go, pass, cross, wade1
*wrmi-
*weh₁r-
*wei-
  • to turn, bend1
  • to twist, bend1
  • to move, go ahead; to be strong1
*werk'-
  • to twist, weave, tie together1
*wrenǵʰ-
  • to twist, wry, constrict, choke, thring1
*weig-
*weik
  • to bend, wind1
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: veke
*werǝd-
*wobʰseh₂
*wid-tu-
*werg'-
  • to twist, weave, tie together1 2 3
*wekʷ-
  • to speak1 2 3
  • to say, tell1
  • to speak, sound1 2 3
  • to speak, to sound1
*wéy(r) -> *éǵh₂
  • English: we
*weyb-
*woḱskom
*werə
  • to speak1
  • Norwegian: ord
*welg-
  • humid, wet1
  • to bend, twist, run, roll1
*wreyt-
  • to turn, twist1
*weik-
  • separate, divide1
  • bend, wind1
  • to bend, wind1
  • soft, pliable; to avoid1 2
  • to bend, wind, turn, yield1
  • to consecrate, hallow, make holy1
*wl̥k-
  • to pull, draw, drag1
*wih₁on-
  • wine1
*wr̥dʰom
*wormis
*wos
*weyḱ-
  • house, settlement1 2
*wrh₂d-
  • root1
*wenǵ-
  • neck, cheek1 2 3
*wr̥eina
*wḗǵʰs-
*wak-
*wokso-
  • wax1
*we
*wēsno-
  • price1
*weǵhe-
  • to drag, carry1 2 3 4
*weid-
  • to see1 2 3
  • know, see1 2
*werdho-
*wī-tero-
  • further apart1
*wāt-
  • prophet1
  • Old English: wod
*werwǝ-
*wek-
*wenə-
  • strive for, wish, desire1
  • to wish, love1 2 3 4 5
*wō-
  • you1
*wéwk-
*wisgā
  • flexible rod or stick1
*wōs
*wéǵʰe-
*wērh₁o-
*wolg-
*wīsos
*werḱ-
*wrHēn
*wr̥dʰo-
*wósHr̥-
  • garlic, onion1
*wr̥h₁nós
*wadʰom
*wesā-
*wag-
*wei(H)-
  • to twist1
*wal-
  • stick, stake1
*wimb-
  • to turn, rotate, spin, spin around1
*wēd-
*woǵʰlos
*wis-
  • colouring matter, dye, poison1
*wes
  • English: you
  • Old English: eow
*wep
*wet-
  • to blow, inspire, arouse spiritually1 2
  • year1
*wreh₁ǵ-
*-wes
*weros-
*weri
*welp-
*wr̥s-
  • male1
*wrōk-
  • speech, complaint1
*wazdho-
*werǵ-, *worǵ-(r)
  • to twist, weave, tie together1 2
  • work1 2
  • to work1 2 3 4 5
*widʰu-
  • tree, beam1
*wē-
  • to winnow, thresh1
  • to blow (wind), to breathe1
  • to thresh, winnow1
*wed
  • wet1
*wr̥h₁ḗn
*wey-
  • to bend, twist, wring1
*woiḱos
*wrenk-
  • to turn, twist, bend1
*wobz-
  • wasp1
*wésr̥
  • spring1
*wem-

Y[edit]


Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



y[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*yeg-
  • ice, icicle1
*yem-
*yōr-ā
*yeh₁kwr̥-
  • liver1
*yegʰo-
*yenǵ-
*ye-
  • relative pronoun1
  • second person dual and plural pronoun1
*yAus-
  • ritual purity; supreme justice1
*yewes-
*yeh₂ros
  • Serbo-Croatian: jar
  • Slovak: jar
*yugóm
*yūs
  • ye1
  • English: ye
  • English: you
  • Old English: ge
*-yo
*-ye-
  • present forming suffix1
*yeh₂-
*yéh₂
*yo(u)s-
  • to girdle1 2
*yekə-
  • joke, play1 2 3
*yōro-
*-yā
*yōr-
*yos
*yuHr-
*yo-
*-yé-
  • present forming suffix1
  • denominative/factitive suffix1
*yuwn̥kós
*-yen-
*yē
*yew-
  • young1
  • vital force, youthful vigor1 2
*-yos
  • comparative suffix1
*yek-
  • to speak1
*yorkos
*yeu-
  • to bind1 2
*yeǵʰo-
*yód
  • who, which1 2
*yewg-
  • to yoke, harness, join1
  • to join1
*yuH-
*yenh₂tēr
*yu-sme-
*yeh₁ro-
  • year, spring1
*yós
*yes-
  • to boil, to foam1