Wiktionary:About Ngazidja Comorian

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In entries of Ngazidja Comorian words and in translations into Ngazidja Comorian, the spelling used is the official spelling adopted by the Comorian State in 2009.

Letters and marks[edit]

Letter IPA Example (Written) Meaning Notes
a [a] na "and" Pronounced as in French la.
â [(ˀ)ã] or [a] invalid IPA characters (][) ɓaȃɗa "after" Pronounced as in French an or in French la.
b [b] burashi "brush" Pronounced as in bed.
ɓ [ɓ] ɓarua "letter"
c [tʃ] cai "tea" Pronounced as in chair.
d [d] debe-debe "gibberish" Pronounced as in dad.
ɗ [ɗ] ɗamu "blood"
dh [ð] dhamɓi "sin" Pronounced as in those.
dr [ɖ] ndrongoo "thing" Pronounced as in Malagasy drakaka.
e [e] or [ɛ] invalid IPA characters (][) ewa "yes" Pronounced as in French été or lait; pronounced [je] at the beginning of a word.
ê [ɛ̃] hwêshi "to live" Pronounced as in French pin.
f [f] Farantsa "France" Pronounced as in far.
g [g] invalid IPA characters (g), replace g with ɡ gari "car" Pronounced as in good.
gh [ɣ] ghali "expensive" Pronounced somewhat as in French rond; can be pronounced [h].
h [h] hiri "chair" Pronounced as in house.
i [i] mwidzi "thief" Pronounced as in French il, pronounced [ji] at the beginning of a word.
j [ʒ] jipo "skirt" Pronounced as in French jupe.
k [k] koko "grandmother" Pronounced as in king.
kh [x] khatwari "danger" Pronounced as in German Bach, can be pronounced [h].
l [l] lelo "today" Pronounced as in lion.
m [m] mafura "oil" Pronounced as in man.
n [n] nazi "coconut" Pronounced as in nine; pronounced [ŋ] before g and k.
ny [ɲ] nyumɓa "house" Pronounced as in French agneau.
o [o] or [ɔ] invalid IPA characters (][) hwona "to see" Pronounced as in French eau or botte; pronounced [wo] at the beginning of a word.
p [p] pundra "donkey" Pronounced as in pound.
pv [β] pvanu "here" Pronounced as in Spanish saber, pronounced [b] after m.
r [r] -renɗeha "become" Pronounced as in Spanish para except after d or t.
s [s] saɓuni "soap" Pronounced as in soap.
sh [ʃ] shingo "salt" Pronounced as in shine.
t [t] tayari "ready" Pronounced as in ten.
th [θ] thamani "price" Pronounced as in think. Pronounced [s] by some people.
tr [ʈ] travu "cheek" Pronounced as in Malagasy trano.
u [u] uso "face" Pronounced as in French loup; pronounced [wu] at the beginning of a word.
v [v] uvaya "to dress" Pronounced as in van.
w [w] wana "children" Pronounced as in water.
wi [y] huâswi "to disobey" Pronounced in words of Arabic origin as in French nu.
y [j] yeye "he" Pronounced as in yes.
z [z] ziri "chairs" Pronounced as in zero.
¨ [ʔ] Kuräni "Qur'an" A diacritic ( ¨ ) is placed over a vowel letter to indicate a glottal stop in words of Arabic origin.

Further Reading[edit]

Lafon Michel, (1991) Lexique Français Comorien (shingazidja) Paris: Editions L'Harmattan.

Ahmed Chamanga Mohamed, (2015) Initiation à la grammaire comorienne Le ShiNgazidja Editions Cœlacanthe.

External links[edit]