Wiktionary:About Ter Sami

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Ter Sami is a near-extinct language spoken in the Kola peninsula of Russia.

Orthography[edit]

Ter Sami has no standard orthography. The orthography used within Wiktionary is based on that used in the Yhteissaamelainen sanasto (Common Sami dictionary, YSAS). A few changes have been made to this orthography for use on Wiktionary, to make it less like a linguistic transcription and more like an actual written language. These changes are mostly inspired by the orthographies of other Sami languages. They are:

  • YSAS ɐ = Wiktionary â (as in Skolt Sami).
  • YSAS i̮, ᴉ̑ = Wiktionary ï (as in Southern and Ume Sami).
  • YSAS χ = Wiktionary h (as in Skolt Sami).
  • YSAS ʒ = Wiktionary dz.
  • YSAS ǯ = Wiktionary dž.
  • YSAS ń = Wiktionary nj (as in most Sami languages). Before dž or č, it is written as just n (as in Kildin Sami).
  • YSAS i̭, i after a vowel = Wiktionary j.
  • Long consonants are indicated by doubling the consonant letter, rather than with a macron above.
  • Palatalised consonants are indicated with a modifier letter prime (as in Wiktionary's transliteration of Kildin Sami and Russian, and also used in Skolt Sami orthography), rather than a half-ring below the letter.
  • Palatalisation is not indicated for letters immediately preceded by e, since it is automatic in that position. Any consonants before that do have palatalisation indicated, but double consonants are considered as a single unit. The preaspiration hh is also considered a single unit with the following stop, so palatalisation is not indicated on it.
  • Vowel length is not indicated, as it is not phonemic in Ter Sami.