adonium

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek Ἀδώνιος (Adṓnios, of Adonis) and Ἄδωνις (Ádōnis, Adonis). The meaning referring to a plant is a misreading in Pliny the Elder's Naturalis Historia. The meaning referring to meter, μέτρον (métron, meter) Ἀδώνιον (Adṓnion), reportedly named for its use in the festival of Adonis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

adōnium n (genitive adōniī or adōnī); second declension

  1. (botanical)
    1. (possibly) a type of southernwood with a golden or bloodred flower (as if referring to the blood of Adonis)
    2. (possibly) a method of gardening
  2. (grammar, meter, verse) a Adonic verse, a verse composed of a dactyl and spondee

Usage notes[edit]

The precise meaning of adōnium as a botanical term is uncertain, though multiple meanings have been proposed.

Declension[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative adōnium adōnia
Genitive adōniī
adōnī1
adōniōrum
Dative adōniō adōniīs
Accusative adōnium adōnia
Ablative adōniō adōniīs
Vocative adōnium adōnia

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

References[edit]