- (type of meter): adōnidium
From Ancient Greek Ἀδώνιος (Adṓnios, “of Adonis”) and Ἄδωνις (Ádōnis, “Adonis”). The meaning referring to a plant is a misreading in Pliny the Elder's Naturalis Historia. The meaning referring to meter, μέτρον (métron, “meter”) Ἀδώνιον (Adṓnion), reportedly named for its use in the festival of Adonis.
- (grammar, meter, verse) a Adonic verse, a verse composed of a dactyl and spondee
The precise meaning of adōnium as a botanical term is uncertain, though multiple meanings have been proposed.
1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).