aillse

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish aillsiu (cancer)

Noun[edit]

aillse f (genitive singular aillse, nominative plural aillsí)

  1. Obsolete spelling of ailse (cancer)

Noun[edit]

aillse

  1. alternative genitive singular of aillis

Usage notes[edit]

  • A number of Irish dictionaries (beginning in the 1700s by confusing several different Irish and Scottish Gaelic words, and spreading by copying) listed "fairy" and "delay, heedlessness, neglect" as other meanings of this word, but they are ghost senses and do not exist.[1]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
aillse n-aillse haillse not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ an article in Scottish Gaelic Studies 3-4 (1929), page 54, says: "Aillse, "a fairy," appears first in Lhuyd (p. 426), who marks it as a Scottish word. The next lexicographer to include it was Shaw, who explains it as "a fairy, a diminutive creature." O'Reilly, as usual, took over the word from Shaw. Coneys copied O'Reilly, at the same time providing the word with a plural, aillseacha, and quoting the phrase, Ni lugha orm aillseacha ciaróg 'na thu. He thus mixed up two distinct words, the Scottish aillse, and the Irish aillseach, 'a chafer, ear-wig'."

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish aillsiu (sore, tumour, abscess).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aillse f (genitive singular aillse)

  1. cancer
  2. carcinoma
  3. gangrene

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
aillse n-aillse h-aillse t-aillse
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • aillse” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “aillsiu”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language