chwila

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See also: chwilą

Kashubian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Polish chwila.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈxfila/
  • Rhymes: -ila
  • Syllabification: chwi‧la

Noun

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chwila f (diminutive chwilka)

  1. moment (brief, unspecified amount of time)
    Synonyms: sztërk, sztót, moment

Derived terms

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adjective
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noun

Further reading

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  • Stefan Ramułt (1893) “χvila”, in Słownik języka pomorskiego czyli kaszubskiego[2] (in Kashubian), page 57
  • Eùgeniusz Gòłąbk (2011) “chwila”, in Słownik Polsko-Kaszubski / Słowôrz Pòlskò-Kaszëbsczi[3]
  • chwila”, in Internetowi Słowôrz Kaszëbsczégò Jãzëka [Internet Dictionary of the Kashubian Language], Fundacja Kaszuby, 2022

Old Polish

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Middle High German wīle,[1][2] from Old High German wīla, from Proto-Germanic *hwīlō. First attested in the beginning of the 15th century.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /xfilʲa/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /xfilʲa/

Noun

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chwila f (diminutive filka)

  1. (attested in Lesser Poland) moment (brief, unspecified amount of time)

Descendants

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References

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  1. ^ Boryś, Wiesław (2005) “chwila”, in Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego (in Polish), Kraków: Wydawnictwo Literackie, →ISBN
  2. ^ Sławski, Franciszek (1958-1965) “chwila”, in Jan Safarewicz, Andrzej Siudut, editors, Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego [Etymological dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), Kraków: Towarzystwo Miłośników Języka Polskiego

Further reading

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  • Bańkowski, Andrzej (2000) “chwila”, in Etymologiczny słownik języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish)

Polish

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Inherited from Old Polish chwila. Compare Czech chvíle, English while, German Weile.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈxfi.la/
  • (Middle Polish) IPA(key): /ˈxfi.la/
  • Audio 1:(file)
  • Audio 2:(file)
  • Rhymes: -ila
  • Syllabification: chwi‧la

Noun

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chwila f (diminutive chwilka or chwilunia)

  1. instant, moment (very short period of time)
    Synonym: moment
    Hypernym: okres
  2. instant, moment (single, usually precise, point in time)
    Synonym: moment
  3. (regional) weather, especially bad weather
  4. (Middle Polish) free time, time off

Declension

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Trivia

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According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), chwila is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 46 times in scientific texts, 35 times in news, 47 times in essays, 181 times in fiction, and 97 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 406 times, making it the 116th most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[1]

Interjection

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chwila

  1. (colloquial) wait a minute, wait a moment, wait a second (used when the speaker expects to refrain from speaking or acting for a short time)
    Synonyms: chwila moment, chwileczkę, momencik, moment

Derived terms

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adjective
adverbs
interjection
nouns
verbs
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adverb
interjection
nouns

Descendants

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References

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  1. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990) “chwila”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language]‎[1] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków, Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 50

Further reading

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  • chwila in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • chwila in Polish dictionaries at PWN
  • Maria Renata Mayenowa, Stanisław Rospond, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Hrabec, Władysław Kuraszkiewicz (2010-2023) “chwila, chfila”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish]
  • CHWILA”, in Elektroniczny Słownik Języka Polskiego XVII i XVIII Wieku [Electronic Dictionary of the Polish Language of the XVII and XVIII Century], 07.05.2010
  • Samuel Bogumił Linde (1807–1814) “chwila”, in Słownik języka polskiego[5]
  • Aleksander Zdanowicz (1861) “chwila”, in Słownik języka polskiego, Wilno 1861[6]
  • J. Karłowicz, A. Kryński, W. Niedźwiedzki, editors (1900), “chwila”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), volume 1, Warsaw, page 309
  • chwila in Narodowy Fotokorpus Języka Polskiego

Silesian

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Etymology

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Inherited from Old Polish chwila.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈxfila/
  • Rhymes: -ila
  • Syllabification: chwi‧la

Noun

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chwila f (diminutive chwilka)

  1. instant, moment (very short period of time)
    Synonym: mōmynt
  2. instant, moment (single, usually precise, point in time)
    Synonym: mōmynt

Further reading

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