clieven

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Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *clievan, from Proto-Germanic *kleubaną, from Proto-Indo-European *glewbʰ-.

Verb[edit]

clieven

  1. (transitive) to cleave, to split
  2. (intransitive) to split, to be split

Inflection[edit]

Strong class 2
Infinitive clieven
3rd sg. past clôof
3rd pl. past clōven
Past participle geclōven
Infinitive clieven
In genitive clievens
In dative clievene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular clieve clôof
2nd singular cliefs, clieves clōofs, clōves
3rd singular clieft, clievet clôof
1st plural clieven clōven
2nd plural clieft, clievet clōoft, clōvet
3rd plural clieven clōven
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular clieve clōve
2nd singular cliefs, clieves clōves
3rd singular clieve clōve
1st plural clieven clōven
2nd plural clieft, clievet clōvet
3rd plural clieven clōven
Imperative Present
Singular clief, clieve
Plural clieft, clievet
Present Past
Participle clievende geclōven

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: klieven
  • Limburgish: kleive

Further reading[edit]

  • clieven”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • clieven”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929