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From Proto-Italic *koxom, which in light of the very un-Indo-European root structure *kagʰ- is probably a technical term borrowed from a substrate language of northwestern Europe. Cognate with Proto-Germanic *hagô.


cohum n (genitive cohī); second declension

  1. The thong or strap used to attach a pole to a yoke


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cohum coha
genitive cohī cohōrum
dative cohō cohīs
accusative cohum coha
ablative cohō cohīs
vocative cohum coha


  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  • cohum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “cohum”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • cohum” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)