Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/kagʰyóm

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *kagʰ- (to take, seize) +‎ *-yóm.

Noun[edit]

*kagʰyóm n (non-ablauting)[1]

  1. enclosure, hedge

Inflection[edit]

Thematic
singular
nominative *kagʰyóm
genitive *kagʰyósyo
singular dual plural
nominative *kagʰyóm *kagʰyóy(h₁) *kagʰyéh₂
vocative *kagʰyóm *kagʰyóy(h₁) *kagʰyéh₂
accusative *kagʰyóm *kagʰyóy(h₁) *kagʰyéh₂
genitive *kagʰyósyo *? *kagʰyóoHom
ablative *kagʰyéad *? *kagʰyómos
dative *kagʰyóey *? *kagʰyómos
locative *kagʰyéy, *kagʰyóy *? *kagʰyóysu
instrumental *kagʰyóh₁ *? *kagʰyṓys

Descendants[edit]

  • Celtic: *kagyom (pen, enclosure) (see there for further descendants)[2]
  • Germanic: *hagjō (hedge)[1] (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *kaɣjom (hole)[3]
    • Latin: cohum (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*haga(n)-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 198
  2. ^ Delamarre, Xavier (2003), “*kagyo-”, in Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise: une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental [Dictionary of the Gaulish language: A linguistic approach to Old Continental Celtic] (Collection des Hespérides; 9), 3rd edition, Éditions Errance, ISBN 978-2877722377, page 184: “*kagʰo-"”
  3. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “cohum”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 123-124: “*kaχo-”