drāna

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See also: drānā

Latvian[edit]

Drāna

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *der-, *dr- (to tear, rip, split) (whence also dīrāt (to skin, flay)), with a suffix *-eh₂, yielding *dr-eh₂ > drā-, and another suffix, either *-no-/*-nā-, or (according to Pokorny) *-p-an, with the p later reducing to zero (but still conserved in the Lithuanian and Sanskrit cognates). The semantic evolution was problably: “to skin” > “skin, fur” > “fabric”. Cognates include Lithuanian drãpana (clothes, costume) (dialectal also “handkerchief”, “piece of cloth”), Sanskrit द्रापिः (drāpíḥ, coat, attire).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

drāna f (4th declension)

  1. fabric (cloth, material made of fibers)
    vilnas, zīda, linu drānawool, slik, linen cloth
    aizkaru drānacurtain cloth
    rūtota drānachecked fabric
  2. piece of cloth, handkerchief
    kabatas drānapocket handkerchief
  3. (only plural) clothes, garments
    ģērbties gaišās drānāsto dress in bright clothes

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “drāna”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7