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Old French[edit]


From Late Latin and Vulgar Latin ingannāre, present active infinitive of ingannō.



  1. to create; to make
  2. to trick; to deceive


This verb conjugates as a first-group verb ending in -ier, with a palatal stem. These verbs are conjugated mostly like verbs in -er, but there is an extra i before the e of some endings. The forms that would normally end in *-ign, *-igns, *-ignt are modified to ing, inz, int. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

Derived terms[edit]


engignier m (oblique plural engigniers, nominative singular engigniers, nominative plural engignier)

  1. Alternative form of engigneor