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See also: fine and finé

Old Irish[edit]


Borrowed from Latin vīnea.



fíne f (genitive fíne, nominative plural fíni)

  1. vine
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 102a15
      Itius anúas ⁊ dus·claid anís; air ní foircnea in fíni hithe neich di anúas, amal du·ngní int aís sechmaill as·mbeir-som .i. air is cuit adaill ad·n-ellat-sidi in fíni du thabairt neich doib dia thorud.
      They eat it from above and he roots it up from below; for it does not exterminate the vine to eat of anything of it from above, as do the passers-by whom he speaks of, i.e. for it is only a passing visit that they make [lit: ‘that they visit’] to the vine to take something for themselves of its fruit.


Feminine iā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative fíneL fíniL fíni
Vocative fíneL fíniL fíni
Accusative fíniN fíniL fíni
Genitive fíne fíneL fíneN
Dative fíniL fínib fínib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization


Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
fíne ḟíne fíne
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]