gáeth

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Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gáeth

  1. wise
  2. intelligent
Inflection[edit]
o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative gáeth gáeth gáeth
Vocative gaíth*
gáeth**
Accusative gáeth gaíth
Genitive gaíth gaíthe gaíth
Dative gáeth gaíth gáeth
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative gaíth gáetha
Vocative gáethu
gáetha
Accusative gáethu
gáetha
Genitive gáeth
Dative gáethaib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

gáeth f

  1. wind
    • Verses in the St Gall Priscian
      Is acher in gaíth innocht fu·fuasna fairggæ findḟolt
      ni ágor réimm mora minn dond láechraid lainn ua Lothlind.
      Bitter is the wind to-night: it tosses the ocean’s white hair:
      I fear not the coursing of a clear sea by the fierce heroes from Lothlend.
Inflection[edit]
Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative gáethL gaíthL gáethaH
Vocative gáethL gaíthL gáethaH
Accusative gaíthN gaíthL gáethaH
Genitive gaítheH gáethL gáethN
Dative gaíthL gáethaib gáethaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Irish: gaoth
  • Manx: geay
  • Scottish Gaelic: gaoth

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
gáeth gáeth
pronounced with /ɣ(ʲ)-/
ngáeth
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]