gospodarczy

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From gospodarka +‎ -y.[1] First attested in 1804.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡɔs.pɔˈdar.t͡ʂɨ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -art͡ʂɨ
  • Syllabification: gos‧po‧dar‧czy

Adjective[edit]

gospodarczy (not generally comparable, comparative bardziej gospodarczy, superlative najbardziej gospodarczy, derived adverb gospodarczo)

  1. (relational, not comparable) economic (of or relating to the economy; the totality of mechanisms concerning the provision of services and the production, distribution and exchange of goods)
    Synonym: ekonomiczny
  2. (relational, not comparable) economic (of or relating to the economy; the total of the production facilities located in a certain area and the goods produced by them)
    Synonym: ekonomiczny
  3. (relational, not comparable) economic; business (concerning procedural matters)
  4. (relational, not comparable) farm (of or relating to a farm; the rural real estate comprising land, house and outbuildings)
  5. (relational) rural (of or relating to a village)
    Synonym: wiejski
  6. (obsolete) economic (thrifty, frugal)
    Synonym: gospodarny
  7. (relational, obsolete, rare) homestead (of or relating to affairs relating to a family unit)

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Kashubian: gòspòdarczi (calque)

Trivia[edit]

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), gospodarczy is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 21 times in scientific texts, 51 times in news, 112 times in essays, 2 times in fiction, and 1 time in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 187 times, making it the 302nd most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Boryś, Wiesław (2005), “gospodarz”, in Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego (in Polish), Kraków: Wydawnictwo Literackie, →ISBN
  2. ^ Józef Wybicki (1804) Rozmowy i podróże oyca z dwoma synami, volume 1, page v
  3. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990), “gospodarczy”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków; Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 133

Further reading[edit]