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See also: Guin and -guin

Old Irish[edit]



guin n (genitive gona)

  1. verbal noun of gonaid: wounding
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 133a4
      Is ansu cech todǽrnam a nguin cosind loscud .i. a nguin cosind saigit áin.
      Wounding with the burning (i.e. wounding with the fiery arrow) is more grievous than any torture.


Neuter i-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative guinN guinN guineH
Vocative guinN guinN guineH
Accusative guinN guinN guineH
Genitive gonoH, gonaH gonoH, gonaH guineN
Dative guinL guinib guinib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization


  • Middle Irish: guin f


Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
guin guin
pronounced with /ɣ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]