guth

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See also: Guth, guþ, guð, and Guð

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish guth, from Proto-Celtic *gutus, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰuHtus, from *ǵʰewH- (to call on, invoke).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

guth m (genitive singular gutha or gotha, nominative plural guthanna or gothanna or gotha)

  1. voice
    Synonym: glór
  2. vote
    Synonym: vóta

Declension[edit]

Alternative declensions

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
guth ghuth nguth
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *gutus, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰuHtus, from *ǵʰewH- (to call on, invoke).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

guth m (genitive gotho or gotha)

  1. voice
  2. sound
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 112b12
      Is déniu ad·ciam húa ṡúlib risíu ro·cloammar in fogur húa chluasaib, ut est is toísigiu ad·ciam teilciud in béla resíu ro·cloammar a guth sidi.
      We see more quickly with the eyes before we hear the sound with the ears, ut est we see the throwing of the axe sooner before we hear the sound of this.

Declension[edit]

Masculine u-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative guth guthL gothaeH
Vocative guth guthL gothu
Accusative guthN guthL gothu
Genitive gothoH, gothaH gothoL, gothaL gothaeN
Dative guthL gothaib gothaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: guth
  • Manx: goo
  • Scottish Gaelic: guth

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
guth guth
pronounced with /ɣ(ʲ)-/
nguth
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish guth, from Proto-Celtic *gutus, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰuHtus, from *ǵʰewH- (to call on, invoke).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

guth m (genitive singular gutha, plural guthan)

  1. voice

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
guth ghuth
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • Edward Dwelly (1911), “guth”, in Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan [The Illustrated Gaelic–English Dictionary], 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • G. Toner, M. Ní Mhaonaigh, S. Arbuthnot, D. Wodtko, M.-L. Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “guth”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language