hvem

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Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally, the dative of archaic hvo, from Old Danish hwa, hwo, oblique hwem, genitive hwes. In Old West Norse, the nominative and accusative of this pronoun has been replaced by another pronoun, hverr, but the dative and genitive are still extant: hveim, hvess. From Proto-Germanic *hwaz (who), cognate with English who, German wer, Gothic 𐍈𐌰𐍃 (ƕas). The pronoun goes back to Proto-Indo-European *kʷos, *kʷis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

hvem (neuter hvad, genitive hvis)

  1. (interrogative) who
    Hvem er du?
    Who are you?
    Hun ved godt, hvis cykel det er
    She knows whose bike it is
  2. (relative) who, that
    De mennesker, for hvem livet indebærer hårdt arbejde
    The people for whom life is hard work
    Han er i en by, hvis navn han ikke kan udtale
    He is in a town, the name of which he cannot pronounce

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hveim

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

hvem

  1. (interrogative) who
    Hvem er du?Who are you?
  2. (relative) who, whom
    Hvem spurte du?Whom did you ask?
    Av hvem?By whom?
  3. (dialectal (Drammen) which

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

hvem (genitive hvems, plural hvilka)

  1. Obsolete spelling of vem