ikwindla

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Zulu[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Probably back-formed from the plural amakwindla, itself back-formed from ukwindla, which has no plural of its own. This is a relic class 17 noun (prefix uku-), but the -kw- seems to have been reinterpreted as part of the stem, and a new prefix attached to it.

Noun[edit]

ikwindla? class 5 (plural amakwindla class 6)

  1. autumn, fall
    Synonyms: ukwindla

Inflection[edit]

Class 5/6, short locative
Singular Plural
Full form ikwindla amakwindla
Locative ekwindla emakwindla
Singular Plural
Full form ikwindla amakwindla
Simple form likwindla makwindla
Locative ekwindla emakwindla
Copulative yikwindla ngamakwindla
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
Modifier Substantive Modifier Substantive
Class 1 wekwindla owekwindla wamakwindla owamakwindla
Class 2 bekwindla abekwindla bamakwindla abamakwindla
Class 3 wekwindla owekwindla wamakwindla owamakwindla
Class 4 yekwindla eyekwindla yamakwindla eyamakwindla
Class 5 lekwindla elekwindla lamakwindla elamakwindla
Class 6 ekwindla awekwindla amakwindla awamakwindla
Class 7 sekwindla esekwindla samakwindla esamakwindla
Class 8 zekwindla ezekwindla zamakwindla ezamakwindla
Class 9 yekwindla eyekwindla yamakwindla eyamakwindla
Class 10 zekwindla ezekwindla zamakwindla ezamakwindla
Class 11 lwekwindla olwekwindla lwamakwindla olwamakwindla
Class 14 bekwindla obekwindla bamakwindla obamakwindla
Class 15 kwekwindla okwekwindla kwamakwindla okwamakwindla
Class 17 kwekwindla okwekwindla kwamakwindla okwamakwindla