in tan

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Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally the dative singular of tan ((point in) time) after the definite article; thus literally, ‘(at) the time (that)’. The alternative form in tain is the older form; in tan has been depalatalized in proclitic position.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

in tan (followed by the indirect relative)

  1. when
    • c. 845, St. Gall Glosses on Priscian, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1975, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, pp. 49–224, Sg. 159a2
      Air in tan no·labrither in cétni persin ƚ in tánaisi do·adbit ainm hi suidiu.
      For when you say the first person or the second, you show a noun in this.
    • c. 845, St. Gall Glosses on Priscian, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1975, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, pp. 49–224, Sg. 162a3
      In tan labratar ind ḟilid a persin inna ṅdea, do·gniat primam ⁊ secundam in illis.
      When the poets speak in the person of the gods, they make a first and second [person] in them.

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: an tan

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rudolf Thurneysen (1940, reprinted 2003)D. A. Binchy and Osborn Bergin, transl., A Grammar of Old Irish, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, →ISBN, § 168, page 105

Further reading[edit]