kunnanhallitus

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Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

kunnan (of a municipality) +‎ hallitus (board, government)

Noun[edit]

kunnanhallitus

  1. municipal board, municipal executive committee

Declension[edit]

Inflection of kunnanhallitus (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative kunnanhallitus kunnanhallitukset
genitive kunnanhallituksen kunnanhallitusten
kunnanhallituksien
partitive kunnanhallitusta kunnanhallituksia
illative kunnanhallitukseen kunnanhallituksiin
singular plural
nominative kunnanhallitus kunnanhallitukset
accusative nom. kunnanhallitus kunnanhallitukset
gen. kunnanhallituksen
genitive kunnanhallituksen kunnanhallitusten
kunnanhallituksien
partitive kunnanhallitusta kunnanhallituksia
inessive kunnanhallituksessa kunnanhallituksissa
elative kunnanhallituksesta kunnanhallituksista
illative kunnanhallitukseen kunnanhallituksiin
adessive kunnanhallituksella kunnanhallituksilla
ablative kunnanhallitukselta kunnanhallituksilta
allative kunnanhallitukselle kunnanhallituksille
essive kunnanhallituksena kunnanhallituksina
translative kunnanhallitukseksi kunnanhallituksiksi
instructive kunnanhallituksin
abessive kunnanhallituksetta kunnanhallituksitta
comitative kunnanhallituksineen

Usage notes[edit]

  • The Finnish term kunta (municipality) is used for both towns and cities, which constitute the main elements of local government in Finland. Municipalities that consider themselves sufficiently urban can call themselves kaupunki (cities), but this does not change their legal situation in any way. Every four years, the inhabitants of a municipality elect a kunnanvaltuusto (municipal council) as the legislative branch of the municipal government, which then appoints a kunnanhallitus ("municipal board") to manage the current affairs of the municipality, i.e. acts as the town government's executive branch. The council also appoints a number of municipal committees called lautakunta (boards). The committees have limited decision-making powers in their area of responsibility. The memberships in these bodies are trustee positions. The corresponding bodies in cities are kaupunginvaltuusto (city council) and kaupunginhallitus (city board).
  • The members of municipal and city councils are called town council(l)ors and city council(l)ors respectively. The council members are usually grouped into valtuustoryhmä (political groups), which are normally formed along the national political party lines. If there are any councilmen who are independent of political parties, they tend to form an "independent" valtuustoryhmä. The members of other municipal bodies are called simply jäsenet (members) of that body.
  • The council appoints a mayor to run the day-to-day business of the municipality, serving as its "general manager". The mayor may have the status of public official, in which case the office is called kunnanjohtaja or kaupunginjohtaja or it may be considered a political position, in which case it is called pormestari. One of the most visible manifestations of this difference is that a pormestari chairs the meetings of the city board whereas a kunnanjohtaja and a kaupunginjohtaja do not.