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From Proto-Baltic *mi-, from Proto-Indo-European *mēi-, *mi- ‎(soft, tender, lovely), whence also Latvian mīlēt ‎(to love) (q.v.). The meaning changed from “soft, nice” to “calm, peaceful.” A minority opinion considers miers to be a borrowing from Slavic, but several factors (among which the intonation of this word) speak against it. Cognates include Lithuanian archaic mieras, Sudovian mera ‎([mēra]? [miera]?) (< *meir-), Old Church Slavonic миръ ‎(mirŭ), Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian мир ‎(mir, peace; world), Czech mír, Polish mir.[1]




miers m (1st declension)

  1. peace, tranquility, calm, quiet, rest
    slimniekam nepieciešams miers'‎ ― the patient needs peace, quiet
    traucēt mājas mieru‎ ― disturb domestic tranquility
    būt mierā‎ ― to be in, at peace (= satisfied; calm)
    miera stāvoklis‎ ― state of rest (not in motion)
  2. peace (the opposite of war)
    miera līgums‎ ― peace treaty
    miera sarunas‎ ― peace negotiations
    dzīvot mierā un draudzībā‎ ― to live in peace and friendship
    izšķirt konfliktu miera ceļā‎ ― to solve a conflict the peace way (= peacefully)
    saglabāt mieru virs zemes‎ ― to preserve peace on earth


Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “miers”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7