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See also: nel, Nel, ńel, and -nél

Old Irish[edit]


Cognate with Welsh niwl; a Celtic loanword either from Vulgar Latin *nībulus, a modification of Latin nūbilus (cloudy), or from Proto-Germanic *nebulaz (cloud, mist). It cannot come from a Proto-Celtic form with *-bl-, as this cluster remained in Old Irish (e.g. mebul (shame) from *meblā).[1]



nél m (genitive niúil, nominative plural niúil)

  1. cloud


Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative nél nélL niúilL
Vocative niúil nélL níuluH
Accusative nélN nélL níuluH
Genitive niúilL nél nélN
Dative níulL nélaib nélaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization


  • Irish: néal
  • Manx: neeal, niaul
  • Scottish Gaelic: neul

Further reading[edit]


  1. ^ Thurneysen, Rudolf (1940, reprinted 2003) D. A. Binchy and Osborn Bergin, transl., A Grammar of Old Irish, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, →ISBN, page 79