ocelotl

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See also: oçelotl

Central Nahuatl[edit]

Ocelotl, “jaguar”.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Classical Nahuatl ocelotl

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ocelotl anim (plural ocelomeh)

  1. (Amecameca, Cholula and Milpa Alta): jaguar.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Medina, Genaro (1999); online Curso de Náhuatl, Universidad de las Américas; San Pedro Cholula, Puebla, Mexico.
  • Mancilla Sepúlveda, Héctor (2002); Lecciones de Náhuatl, (Amecameca variant), Editorial Hirata; Mexico City, Mexico.
  • Aguilar Carrera, Sergio (2012); Método práctico de lengua náhuatl del Altiplano Mexicano; Amecameca variant, Dirección de Casa de Cultura de Tecámac, State of Mexico, Mexico. ISBN 03-2012-030812540200-01.

Classical Nahuatl[edit]

The glyph corresponding to the day nahui ocelotl (“four jaguar”), as depicted in the codex Magliabechiano.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Pipil uselut.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /o(ː)ˈseː.loːt͡ɬ/, [o(ː)ˈséː.loːt͡ɬ]

Noun[edit]

ocelotl anim (plural ooceloh or ocelomeh)

  1. (it is) a jaguar (Panthera onca).
    • 1571, Alonso de Molina, Vocabulario en lengua castellana y mexicana y mexicana y castellana, f. 75r. col. 2.
      Ocelotl. tigre. […] / Ocelome. tigres.
      Ocelotl. a jaguar. […] / Ocelome. jaguars.
    • ibid., f. 77v. col. 1.
      Oocelo. tigres.
      Oocelo. jaguars.
    • c. 1600, Anonymous, Anónimo Mexicano, f. 7r.
      oquitlalílique miec ytlahuitol, ce cuauhtlí tlacuicuítl, ce ozelotl ycxitlan
      They buried him with very many of his things: his bow, an eagle carved of wood, a jaguar at his feet
    • ibid., f. 11r.
      onca:ncamaía, tepe Zolime, totochtin, cuahtotolim, Mazame, oze lome, cuamíztin, tecuanímê
      There were partridges, rabbits, fowl, deer, jaguars, mountain lions, and savage beasts
    • c. 1609, Tezozomoc, Chimalpahin, Cronica mexicayotl, f. 22r
      camo çan quexquich yn ompa onoque yn ompa tlapia yn tequanime yn cuecuetlachtin. yn ocelome. yn mimiztin yn cocohua
      Countless fierce animals were there; bears, jaguars, mountain lions, snakes were on guard.
    • 1645, Horacio Carochi, Arte de la lengua mexicana con la declaración de los adverbios della, f. 4v.
      ocēlōtl, tigre. Pl. ōocēlō. [...] ocēlōmê tigres.
      ocēlōtl, a jaguar. Pl. ōocēlō. [...] ocēlōmê jaguar.
  2. (it is) the fourteenth of the twenty day signs of the tonalpohualli; a jaguar or disembodied jaguar's head.
    • 16th c., Codex Magliabechiano, f. 13r.
      naVi oçelotl. q qujere dezir quatro tigres.
      navi oçelotl. that is to say, four tigers.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Central Huasteca Nahuatl: oselotl
  • Central Nahuatl: ocelotl
  • Central Puebla Nahuatl: ocelotl
  • Pipil: uselut
  • Spanish: ocelote
  • French: ocelot

References[edit]

  • Alonso de Molina (1571) Vocabulario en lengua castellana y mexicana y mexicana y castellana, Editorial Porrúa, pages 75r, 77v
  • Carochi, Horacio (2001) Grammar of the Mexican Language, with an Explanation of its Adverbs (1645), ed. and trans. by James Lockhart, Stanford: Stanford University Press, pages 30–31
  • Chimalpahin Quauhtlehuanitzin, Domingo Francisco de San Antón Muñón (1997) Codex Chimalpahin, ed. and trans. by Arthur J. O. Anderson and Susan Schroeder, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, pages 70–71