pār

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Ashkun[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nuristani *parná (whence Kamkata-viri por, Prasuni pārag), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *parnám (whence Sanskrit पर्ण (parṇá), Avestan 𐬞𐬀𐬭𐬆𐬥𐬀(parəna), Persian پر(par)), from Proto-Indo-European *pornóm (whence Lithuanian spar̃nas, English fern).

Noun[edit]

pār

  1. leaf

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Formed from the preposition par with transference of intonation and consequent vowel lengthening (par̄ > pār > pāːr). The semantic differentiation between par and pār is a relatively new phenomenon, even though it was apparently already complete in 17th- and 18th-century grammars.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pār (with accusative)

  1. (spatially) across, over
    pār upiacross the river
    pāriet pār tiltuto go over, to cross the bridge
    pārlēkt pār grāvito leap over a ditch
  2. (figuratively) over
    valdīt pār kāduto have power over someone

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns, “pār”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, 1992, →ISBN