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From Ancient Greek παράδοξος (parádoxos, contrary to expectation).



paradoxus (feminine paradoxa, neuter paradoxum); first/second declension

  1. Contrary to expectation; paradoxical; marvellous, strange.
  2. (substantive) Someone who, contrary to expectation, has won in both the lucta (a wrestling match) and in the pancratium (a gymnastic contest which included both boxing and wrestling) on the same day.
  3. uncharacteristic (as a taxonomic epithet)


First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative paradoxus paradoxa paradoxum paradoxī paradoxae paradoxa
genitive paradoxī paradoxae paradoxī paradoxōrum paradoxārum paradoxōrum
dative paradoxō paradoxō paradoxīs
accusative paradoxum paradoxam paradoxum paradoxōs paradoxās paradoxa
ablative paradoxō paradoxā paradoxō paradoxīs
vocative paradoxe paradoxa paradoxum paradoxī paradoxae paradoxa


Derived terms[edit]


  • paradoxus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “paradoxus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • paradoxus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • paradoxus in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016