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From Ancient Greek παρά (pará) +‎ verēdus, perhaps an analogical formation to parhippus from Ancient Greek πάριππος (párippos). Cf. epiraedium (cart, barrow), similarly formed of a Greek prefix and a Gaulish root, which may indicate a Gallo-Greek provenance in both cases.

Alternative forms[edit]



paraverēdus m (genitive paraverēdī); second declension

  1. (Late Latin) a horse for travel off public roads or to out of the way places
    1. (specifically) a gift of palfrey (such a horse offered as a tribute by provincials to visiting public officials)

Usage notes[edit]

Often found alongside (par)angaria.


Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative paraverēdus paraverēdī
Genitive paraverēdī paraverēdōrum
Dative paraverēdō paraverēdīs
Accusative paraverēdum paraverēdōs
Ablative paraverēdō paraverēdīs
Vocative paraverēde paraverēdī

Related terms[edit]



  • paraverēdus” in volume 10, part 1, column 323, line 73 in the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae (TLL Open Access), Berlin (formerly Leipzig): De Gruyter (formerly Teubner), 1900–present
  • Ullmann, Manfred (1997) Zur Geschichte des Wortes barīd „Post“ [About the history of the word barīd ‘post’] (Beiträge zur Lexikographie des Klassischen Arabisch; 13)‎[1] (in German), München: Verlag der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Kommission bei der C.H.Beck’schen Verlagsbuchhandlung, →ISBN, page 6 (Sitzungsberichte der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften; 1997/1)
  • An Etymological Dictionary of the Romance Languages - Friedrich Diez, Friedrich Christian

Further reading[edit]