personagem

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Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French personnage. By surface analysis, persona (persona) +‎ -agem.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /peʁ.soˈna.ʒẽj̃/ [peh.soˈna.ʒẽɪ̯̃]
    • (São Paulo) IPA(key): /peɾ.soˈna.ʒẽj̃/ [peɾ.soˈna.ʒẽɪ̯̃]
    • (Rio de Janeiro) IPA(key): /peʁ.soˈna.ʒẽj̃/ [peχ.soˈna.ʒẽɪ̯̃]
    • (Southern Brazil) IPA(key): /peɻ.soˈna.ʒẽj̃/ [peɻ.soˈna.ʒẽɪ̯̃]
 
  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /pɨɾ.suˈna.ʒɐ̃j̃/
    • (Central Portugal) IPA(key): /pɨɾ.suˈna.ʒẽj̃/
    • (Southern Portugal) IPA(key): /pɨɾ.suˈna.ʒẽj̃/

  • Hyphenation: per‧so‧na‧gem

Noun[edit]

personagem f or m (plural personagens)

  1. a character in a story

Usage notes[edit]

The word personagem has three different rules for gender inflection, all correct and widely used:

  • Always feminine:
    a personagem João e a personagem Mariathe character John and the character Mary
  • Always masculine:
    o personagem João e o personagem Mariathe character John and the character Mary
  • Agreeing with the person:
    o personagem João e a personagem Mariathe character John and the character Mary

The choice is up to the speaker or writer. However, it is advised keeping one particular style throughout the text for consistency.