samochód

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Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

From samo- +‎ chód. There is a popular belief that the term was coined in a competition, however no record of said competition exists.[1] There was wavering between this term and samojazd as to which would be the default term for car, however samojazd was ultimately displaced in the 20th century.[2] First attested in the 19th century.[3] Compare Belarusian самахо́д (samaxód), Russian самохо́д (samoxód).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /saˈmɔ.xut/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɔxut
  • Syllabification: sa‧mo‧chód

Noun[edit]

samochód m inan (diminutive samochodzik, augmentative samochodzisko, related adjective samochodowy)

  1. car, automobile (wheeled vehicle that moves independently)
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:samochód

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

nouns

Related terms[edit]

adjectives
noun

Descendants[edit]

  • Kashubian: samòchód (rare)
  • Silesian: samochōd (rare)

Trivia[edit]

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), samochód is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 22 times in scientific texts, 52 times in news, 15 times in essays, 32 times in fiction, and 22 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 143 times, making it the 415th most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Internetowa poradnia językowa [Internet language council]‎[1], Częstochowa: Instytut Językoznawstwa Uniwersytet Humanistyczno-Przyrodniczy, 20108-2023
  2. ^ Katarzyna Kłosińska (1.03.2019) Poradnia Językowa PWN [Language clinic PWN]‎[2], Polish Scientific Publishers PWN
  3. ^ J. Karłowicz, A. Kryński, W. Niedźwiedzki, editors (1915), “samochód”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), volume 6, Warsaw, page 17
  4. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990), “samochód”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 2, Kraków; Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 519

Further reading[edit]

  • samochód in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • samochód in Polish dictionaries at PWN
  • samochód in Narodowy Fotokorpus Języka Polskiego