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From Proto-Indo-European *tek-, related to Old Armenian յեսան (yesan, whetstone).[1]



tēlum n (genitive tēlī); second declension

  1. dart, spear, missile
  2. weapon, javelin
    • 27 BCE – 25 BCE, Titus Livius, Ab urbe condita libri 29.4
      munire urbem, frumentum convehere, tela arma parare
      to strengthen the defences of the city, to accumulate stores of corn, to prepare a supply of weapons and armour


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative tēlum tēla
genitive tēlī tēlōrum
dative tēlō tēlīs
accusative tēlum tēla
ablative tēlō tēlīs
vocative tēlum tēla


  • telum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • telum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “telum”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • telum” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be armed: cum telo esse
    • to be out of range: extra teli iactum, coniectum esse
    • to come within javelin-range: ad teli coniectum venire (Liv. 2. 31)
    • (ambiguous) to be exposed to the assaults of fate: fortunae telis propositum esse
    • (ambiguous) to discharge missiles: tela iacere, conicere, mittere
    • (ambiguous) to expose oneself to missiles: se obicere telis
    • (ambiguous) to discharge showers of missiles: tela ingerere, conicere
  1. ^ Ancient Indo-European Dialects: Proceedings