traig

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See also: tráig

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *tregess, from Proto-Indo-European *tregʰ- (to run, walk). Cognate with Gothic 𐌸𐍂𐌰𐌲𐌾𐌰𐌽 (þragjan, to run) and Serbo-Croatian trȃg (trace).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

traig f (genitive traiged, nominative plural traigid)

  1. (usually human, occasionally animal) foot
  2. step
  3. foot (unit of measure)

Declension[edit]

Feminine t-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative traig traigidL, traigL traigid
Vocative traig traigidL, traigL traigtheaH
Accusative traigidN, traigN traigidL, traigL traigtheaH
Genitive traiged traigedL traigedN
Dative traigidL, traigL traigthib traigthib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
traig thraig traig
pronounced with /d(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 389
  • 1 traig” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.