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Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


Probably Vulgar Latin *triccāre, from Late Latin tricāre, from Latin trīcārī ‎(behave in an evasive manner, search for detours; trifle, delay). Compare Italian treccare, Old Provençal trichar, Catalan trigar, Portuguese trigar. Alternatively possibly of ultimately Germanic origin; cf. also English trick.



  1. to cheat (break the rules)
  2. to trick; to fool; to deceive
    • circa 1176, Chrétien de Troyes, Cligès:
      einz se painne de lui trichier
      [one] does everything [one] can to trick him


This verb conjugates as a first-group verb ending in -ier, with a palatal stem. These verbs are conjugated mostly like verbs in -er, but there is an extra i before the e of some endings. In the present tense an extra supporting e is needed in the first-person singular indicative and throughout the singular subjunctive, and the third-person singular subjunctive ending -t is lost. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

Derived terms[edit]