vilks

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See also: Vilks

Latvian[edit]

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 Vilks on Latvian Wikipedia

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Vilks

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *wilkas, from Proto-Indo-European *wĺ̥kʷos, perhaps from a stem *wel, *welh₂ ‎(to tear up; to pluck; to plunder; to kill), whence also vilkt ‎(to drag, to pull) (q.v.). The word would originally have been a descriptive nickname ('the killer, the plunderer, the destroyer'), the original name having perhaps become a taboo word. Note that similarly formed nicknames for “wolf” still occur in modern Latvian: pelēcis ‎(gray one), mežainis ‎(forest one), mežavīrs ‎(forest man), vecbrālis ‎(old brother), etc. Cognates include Lithuanian vil̃kas, Old Prussian wilkis, Proto-Slavic *vьlkъ (Old Church Slavonic влькъ ‎(vlĭkŭ), Russian волк ‎(volk), Belarusian воўк ‎(voŭk), Ukrainian вовк ‎(vovk), dialetal вівк ‎(vivk), Bulgarian вълк ‎(vǎlk), Czech vlk, Slovak vlk, Polish wilk), Gothic 𐍅𐌿𐌻𐍆𐍃 ‎(wulfs), Old English wulf, Old High German wolf, German Wolf, English wolf, Sanskrit वृकः ‎(vṛkaḥ), Ancient Greek λύκος ‎(lúkos) (< *lukʷos < *wĺ̥kʷos), perhaps also Latin lupus.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

vilks m (1st declension)

  1. wolf (esp. Canis lupus)
    pelēkais vilks — gray wolf
    vilka midzeniswolf's lair
    vilku bars — a pack of wolves
    vilks gaudo, kauc — the wolf howls
    vilku kaucieniwolf howls
    medīt vilkus — to hunt wolves
    izsalcis kā vilks — hungry as a wolf

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “vilks”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

Verb[edit]

vilks

  1. 3rd person singular future indicative form of vilkt
  2. 3rd person plural future indicative form of vilkt

Lithuanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

vil̃ks

  1. third-person singular future tense of vilkti.
  2. third-person plural future tense of vilkti.