xeonllo

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Galician[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese gẽollo, geonllo, gionllo, jeonllo, from Vulgar Latin *genuclum, syncopated from earlier *genuculum, variant of Late Latin geniculum, diminutive of Latin genū (knee), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ǵónu.

Cognate with Portuguese joelho and Spanish hinojo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

xeonllo m (plural xeonllos)

  1. (anatomy) knee
    • 1332, Clarinda de Azevedo Maia (ed.), História do galego-português. Estado linguístico da Galiza e do Noroeste de Portugal do século XII ao século XVI (com referência á situação do galego moderno). Coimbra: I.N.I.C., p. 155:
      Johan de Naue, alfayate deſta mééſma villa, eſtãdo en geonloſ preſo cõ hũa cadẽa na gargãta τ húús ferros nos péés, ante Johan Beya, alcayde de Monte Rey por Roy Paez de Bema que o queriã yr juſtiçar τ matar
      Johan de Nave, tailor of this town, being on his knees, prisoner with a chain on his neck and fetters on his feet, before Johan Beya, mayor of Monterrei in the name of Roi Paez de Bema, who wanted to sentence him to death and to kill him
    • 1435, A. López Carreira, Fragmentos de notarios, doc. E2-8:
      ... que aderençaran ao dito Goterre Afonso et que o dito Fernando de Mourelos que sacara a espada da beyna contra o dito Goterre Afonso por lo matar, et seus conpaneiros como lo viran sacar que o ajudaran contra o dito Goterre Afonso, do qual lle logo deran huna grande ferida en huna perna esqerda, en que o feriran debayxo do gionllo ata o qualquanar
      ... they approached said Goterre Afonso and that the mentioned Fernando de Mourelos extracted the sword from its scabbard against said Goterre Afonso, for killing him; and his companions, as they saw this, helped him against said Goterre Afonso, and consequently he gave him a large wound in the left leg, in which he injured him from under the knee till the heel
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • geollo” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • geol” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • geonl” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • xionllo” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • xeonllo” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • xeonllo” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.