Has been compared to λεῖος (leios, “smooth”), λιτός (litos, “simple, plain”), Latin laedō (“to strike, hurt”), and Lithuanian slidùs. Beekes argues for a Pre-Greek origin, noting that words for "stone" are often taken from a substrate language.
- (5th BC Attic): IPA: /lítʰos/
- (1st BC Egyptian): IPA: /lítʰos/
- (4th AD Koine): IPA: /líθos/
- (10th AD Byzantine): IPA: /líθos/
- (15th AD Constantinopolitan): IPA: /líθos/
- a stone
- stone as a substance
Λίθος is sometimes used as a feminine noun. This often (but not always) is used to refer to some special stone, such as a gem or magnet.
- Bauer lexicon
- Strong’s concordance number: G3037
- Robert S. P. Beekes (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Brill Academic Publishers)
λίθος • (líthos) m
- πέτρα f (pétra)