λίθος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Has been compared to λεῖος (leios, smooth), λιτός (litos, simple, plain), Latin laedō (to strike, hurt), and Lithuanian slidùs. Beekes argues for a Pre-Greek origin, noting that words for "stone" are often taken from a substrate language.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

λίθος (lithos) (genitive λίθου) m, second declension

  1. a stone
  2. stone as a substance

Usage notes[edit]

Λίθος is sometimes used as a feminine noun. This often (but not always) is used to refer to some special stone, such as a gem or magnet.

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Greek[edit]

Noun[edit]

λίθος (líthosm (plural λίθοι)

  1. stone (building material)
    θεμέλιος λίθος (foundation stone)
  2. (medicine) stone, calculus
  3. (archaeology) stone
    εποχή του λίθου (stone age)

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]