երկան

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian երկան (erkan); see it for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

երկան (erkan)

  1. (rare) millstone (each of the stones of a hand-mill)
  2. Alternative form of երկանք (erkankʿ)

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *gʷr(e)h₂-n-. Cognates include Sanskrit ग्रावन् (grāvan), Lithuanian gìrna (millstone), Russian жёрнов (žërnov) and Old English cweorn (English quern).

Noun[edit]

երկան (erkan

  1. quern, hand-mill; millstone, grindstone
    երկան իշոյerkan išoy ― millstone turned by an ass
    վերին երկանverin erkan ― upper millstone
    ներքին երկանnerkʿin erkan ― lower millstone

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • երկան in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • երկան in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • երկան in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Ranko Matasović (2009), A Grammatical Sketch of Classical Armenian, Zagreb, page 7
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, pages 265–266