թաշկինակ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Old Armenian թաշկինակ (tʿaškinak)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

թաշկինակ (tʿaškinak)

  1. handkerchief
    քիթը սրբել թաշկինակովkʿitʿə srbel tʿaškinakov ― to wipe one's nose with a handkerchief
  2. kerchief, headscarf
  3. (figuratively) weak-willed, spineless person

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • թաշկինակ in A. S. Łaribyan, Ē. B. Ałayan, G. B. J̌ahukyan, S. G. Abrahamyan, V. D. Aṙakʿelyan (editors-in-chief) (1969–80), Žamanakakicʿ hayocʿ lezvi bacʿatrakan baṙaran [Explanatory Dictionary of Contemporary Armenian], in 4 vols, Yerevan: Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR

Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain.

Müller derives from hypothetical Middle Persian *tašīkēnak, from Old Persian *taršikaina (drier), a supposed descendant of Proto-Indo-European *ters- (dry). For the formation he compares տաճկինակ (tačkinak). For the suffix compare Iranian borrowings -կէն (-kēn) and -ակ (-ak).

Ačaṙyan and Hübschmann reject Müller's proposal and leave the origin open.

According to J̌ahukyan, probably a borrowing from some unknown Iranian source.

The form *թաշկէն (*tʿaškēn) listed in Baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui is back-formed by this dictionary from the supposed diminutive թաշկինակ (tʿaškinak) (as if թաշկէն (tʿaškēn) + -ակ (-ak)) and is unattested, according to Ačaṙyan.

Noun[edit]

թաշկինակ (tʿaškinak

  1. towel for wiping sweat
  2. kerchief
    թաշկինակ պարանոցիtʿaškinak paranocʿi ― neckcloth, neckerchief
  3. (post-classical, modern) handkerchief
    թաշկինակ ռնգաց, քրտանtʿaškinak ṙngacʿ, kʿrtan ― pocket handkerchief
    թաշկինակ մետաքսեայtʿaškinak metakʿseay ― silk handkerchief

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • թաշկինակ” in Mxitʿar Sebastacʿi (1749–1769), Baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, volume II, Baṙgirkʿ i grabaṙē yašxarhabaṙn [Dictionary from Old Armenian into Modern Armenian], page 143b
  • թաշկինակ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 214b
  • թաշկինակ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, volume I, page 797a
  • Friedrich Müller (1896), Armeniaca. In: Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes, volume X, page 354
  • Heinrich Hübschmann (1897), Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie, Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 512
  • թաշկինակ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, volume II, pages 153–154
  • թաշկինակ in Geworg J̌ahukyan (ed. by Vahan Sargsyan) (2010), Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary], Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5, page 258b