իջանեմ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root *էջ- (*ēǰ-, to come/go down, descend; to stay overnight; to calm down), probably from Proto-Indo-European *h₁e/oi-gʰ, +‎ -ան- (-an-). Cognate with Ancient Greek οἴχομαι (oíkhomai, to go (away), leave, disappear), οἰχνέω (oikhnéō, to go, come, walk, approach), Lithuanian eigà (course), Old Irish oegi (guest). Armenian demonstrates a semantic shift ‘to go’ > ‘to go down’.

Verb[edit]

իջանեմ (iǰanem)

  1. (intransitive) to descend; to fall; to decline; to sink; to light, to sit down
    իջանել ի նաւէiǰanel i nawē ― to disembark, to go ashore, to land
    իջանել ի կառացiǰanel i kaṙacʿ ― to alight, to get out of a carriage
    իջանել յերիվարէiǰanel yerivarē ― to dismount or alight, to get off, to get down from a horse
    արտասուք զկարմրերփեան ծնօտիւքն իջանէինartasukʿ zkarmrerpʿean cnōtiwkʿn iǰanēin ― the tears fell down his (or her) rosy cheeks
    իջանել ի գերեզման, ի հող մահուiǰanel i gerezman, i hoł mahu ― to descend into the grave, to be buried
    ի ծառայութիւն իջանելi caṙayutʿiwn iǰanel ― to lower one's self to servitude, to become a servant
    յաղքատութիւն իջանելyałkʿatutʿiwn iǰanel ― to impoverish one's self, to become poor
    իջանել ի հպարտութենէնiǰanel i hpartutʿenēn ― to humiliate one's self; to relent, to soften, to become calmed, appeased
    իջանել ի թիկունսiǰanel i tʿikuns ― to go to the rescue, to succour
    իջանել ի հանդէս մարտիiǰanel i handēs marti ― to come to blows, to fight
    այս ճանապարհ իջանէ ի Տրապիզոնէ ի Կարինays čanaparh iǰanē i Trapizonē i Karin ― this route leads from Trebizond to Erzerum
    էջ մրրիկ հողմոյ ի ծովակնēǰ mrrik hołmoy i covakn ― a storm broke over the lake
  2. (intransitive) to subside, to abate, to settle
  3. (intransitive) to empty itself
    իջանել գետոց ի ծովiǰanel getocʿ i cov ― to discharge, to fall into, to disembogue, to disgorge, to empty itself, to overflow
  4. (intransitive) to lodge, to stop at, to sojourn
    իջանել յօթեւան ուրեքiǰanel yōtʿewan urekʿ ― to put up at an hotel
  5. (intransitive) to descend from, to be born of

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • իջանեմ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • իջանեմ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • էջ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 277