sink

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English sincan, from Proto-Germanic *sinkwaną, from Proto-Indo-European *sengʷ- (to fall, sink). Compare West Frisian sinke, Low German sinken, Dutch zinken, German sinken, Danish synke, Swedish sjunka.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sink (third-person singular simple present sinks, present participle sinking, simple past sank, past participle sunk or sunken)

  1. (physical) To move or be moved into something.
    1. (ergative) To descend or submerge (or to cause to do so) into a liquid or similar substance.
      A stone sinks in water.
      The sun gradually sank in the west.
    2. (transitive) To cause a vessel to sink, generally by making it no longer watertight.
    3. (transitive) To push (something) into something.
      The dog sank its teeth into the delivery man's leg.
      The joint will hold tighter if you sink a wood screw through both boards.
    4. (transitive, snooker, pool, billiards, golf) To pot; hit a ball into a pocket or hole.
      • 2008, Edward Keating, The Joy of Ex: A Novel
        My sister beats me at pool in public a second time. I claim some dignity back by potting two of my balls before Tammy sinks the black.
  2. (social) To diminish or be diminished.
    1. (intransitive, figuratively, of the human heart) To experience apprehension, disappointment, dread, or momentary depression.
      • 1897, Bram Stoker, Dracula Chapter 21
        I tried, but I could not wake him. This caused me a great fear, and I looked around terrified. Then indeed, my heart sank within me. Beside the bed, as if he had stepped out of the mist, or rather as if the mist had turned into his figure, for it had entirely disappeared, stood a tall, thin man, all in black.
      • 1915, Thornton W. Burgess, The Adventures of Chatterer the Red Squirrel, Little, Brown, and Company, Boston; ch. XIX:
        Peter's heart sank. "Don't you think it is dreadful?" he asked.
    2. (transitive, figuratively) To cause to decline; to depress or degrade.
      to sink one's reputation
      • William Shakespeare (1564-1616)
        If I have a conscience, let it sink me.
      • Nicholas Rowe (1674-1718)
        Thy cruel and unnatural lust of power / Has sunk thy father more than all his years.
    3. (intransitive) To demean or lower oneself; to do something below one's status, standards, or morals.
      • 2013, Steve Henschel, Niagara This Week, April 24, 2013.
        Who would sink so low as to steal change from veterans?
  3. (transitive, slang, archaic) To conceal and appropriate.
    • Jonathan Swift (1667–1745)
      If sent with ready money to buy anything, and you happen to be out of pocket, sink the money, and take up the goods on account.
  4. (transitive, slang, archaic) To keep out of sight; to suppress; to ignore.
    • Robertson
      a courtly willingness to sink obnoxious truths
  5. (transitive, slang, archaic) To reduce or extinguish by payment.
    to sink the national debt
  6. (intransitive) To be overwhelmed or depressed; to fail in strength.
  7. (intransitive) To decrease in volume, as a river; to subside; to become diminished in volume or in apparent height.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Joseph Addison (1672-1719)
      The Alps and Pyreneans sink before him.
    • 1879, Richard Jefferies, chapter 1, The Amateur Poacher:
      It was not far from the house; but the ground sank into a depression there, and the ridge of it behind shut out everything except just the roof of the tallest hayrick.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Use of the past participle form sunk for the past sank is not uncommon, but considered incorrect.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

a bathroom sink (basin for holding water)

sink (plural sinks)

  1. A basin used for holding water for washing
  2. A drain for carrying off wastewater
  3. (geology) A sinkhole
  4. A depression in land where water collects, with no visible outlet
  5. A heat sink
  6. A place that absorbs resources or energy
  7. (baseball) The motion of a sinker pitch
    Jones' has a two-seamer with heavy sink.
  8. (computing, programming) An object or callback that captures events; event sink
  9. (graph theory) a destination vertex in a transportation network

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • (destination vertex): source

Translations[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Chemical element
Zn Previous: koper (Cu)
Next: gallium (Ga)

Noun[edit]

sink (uncountable)

  1. zinc

Estonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

sink (genitive singi, partitive sinki)

  1. ham

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Icelandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

sink

  1. zinc (element)


This Icelandic entry was created from the translations listed at zinc. It may be less reliable than other entries, and may be missing parts of speech or additional senses. Please also see sink in the Icelandic Wiktionary. This notice will be removed when the entry is checked. (more information) December 2008

Anagrams[edit]


Mauritian Creole[edit]

Numeral[edit]

sink

  1. Alternative spelling of senk

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia no

Noun[edit]

sink m, n (definite singular sinken or sinket) (uncountable)

  1. zinc (chemical element, symbol Zn)

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nn

Noun[edit]

sink m, n (definite singular sinken or sinket) (uncountable)

  1. zinc (as above)

Novial[edit]

Novial cardinal numbers
4 5 6
    Cardinal : sink
    Ordinal : sinkesmi

Numeral[edit]

sink

  1. (cardinal) five



West Frisian[edit]

Verb[edit]

sink

  1. first-person singular present of sinke
  2. Imperative of sinke.