dread

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Middle English dreden, from Old English drǣdan (to fear, caution against), aphetic form of ādrǣdan, ondrǣdan (to advise or counsel against); compare with Dutch ontraden (to advise or counsel against), from and- (against) + rǣdan (to counsel, advise). Akin to Old High German intrātan (to fear). More at read.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dread (third-person singular simple present dreads, present participle dreading, simple past and past participle dreaded)

  1. (transitive) To fear greatly.
  2. To anticipate with fear.
    I'm dreading getting the results of the test, as it could decide my whole life.
    • 1877, Anna Sewell, Black Beauty Chapter 22[1]
      Day by day, hole by hole our bearing reins were shortened, and instead of looking forward with pleasure to having my harness put on as I used to do, I began to dread it.
  3. (intransitive) To be in dread, or great fear.
    • Bible, Deuteronomy i. 29
      Dread not, neither be afraid of them.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

dread (plural dreads)

  1. Great fear in view of impending evil; fearful apprehension of danger; anticipatory terror.
  2. Reverential or respectful fear; awe.
    • Bible, Genesis ix 2.
      The fear of you, and the dread of you, shall be upon every beast of the earth.
    • Shakespeare
      His sceptre shows the force of temporal power, / The attribute to awe and majesty, / Wherein doth sit the dread and fear of kings.
  3. Somebody or something dreaded.
  4. (obsolete) A person highly revered.
    • Spenser
      Una, his dear dread
  5. (obsolete) Fury; dreadfulness.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)
  6. A Rastafarian.
  7. (chiefly in the plural) dreadlock

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

dread (comparative dreader, superlative dreadest)

  1. Terrible; greatly feared.
  2. (archaic) Awe-inspiring; held in fearful awe.
    • 1633, John Hay editor, The Acts Made in the First Parliament of our Most High and Dread Soveraigne Charles, by the Grace of God, King of Great Britaine, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, &c.: Holden by Himselfe, Present in Person, with His Three Estates, at Edinburgh, upon the Twentie Eight Day of Iune, Anno Domini 1633, Edinburgh: Printed by Robert Young, printer to the Kings most excellent Maiestie, OCLC 606535094:
      The acts made in the first Parliament of our most high and dread soveraigne Charles [I], by the grace of God, King of Great Britaine, France, and Ireland, defender of the faith, &c. [] [book title]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]