craindre

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French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French < Old French criembre, criendre (later creindre), from Classical Latin tremere, present active infinitive of tremō, altered into a Gallo-Romance form *cremere, with the initial c- under the influence of the Celtic root *krit- (Breton kridien)[1].

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

craindre

  1. (transitive) to fear
  2. (intransitive, slang) to suck (to be unwanted or bad)
    J'ai perdu mon portefeuille. - Merde, ça craint.
    • I've lost my wallet. - Wow, that sucks.

Conjugation[edit]

  • This verb is conjugated like peindre. It uses the same endings as rendre or vendre, but its -nd- becomes -gn- before a vowel, and its past participle ends in ‘t’ instead of a vowel.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • craindre que is followed by a subjunctive, and in addition takes a ne as a meaningless particle, e.g. in the following sentence:
  • Je crains que le lac ne soit froid.
    • I fear that the lake is cold.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ craindre” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

External links[edit]