depression

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See also: Depression and dépression

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French depression, from Latin depressio.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dɪˈpɹɛʃən/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛʃən
  • Hyphenation: de‧pres‧sion

Noun[edit]

depression (countable and uncountable, plural depressions)

  1. (geography) An area that is lower in topography than its surroundings.
    • 1879, Richard Jefferies, chapter 1, The Amateur Poacher:
      It was not far from the house; but the ground sank into a depression there, and the ridge of it behind shut out everything except just the roof of the tallest hayrick.
  2. (psychology) In psychotherapy and psychiatry, a state of mind producing serious, long-term lowering of enjoyment of life or inability to visualize a happy future.
    I used to suffer from depression, but now I'm mostly content with my life.
  3. (psychology) In psychotherapy and psychiatry, a period of unhappiness or low morale which lasts longer than several weeks and may include ideation of self-inflicted injury or suicide.
  4. (meteorology) An area of lowered air pressure that generally brings moist weather, sometimes promoting hurricanes and tornadoes.
  5. (economics) A period of major economic contraction.
  6. (economics, US) Four consecutive quarters of negative, real GDP growth. See NBER.
    The Great Depression was an event in US history.
  7. (biology, physiology) A lowering, in particular a reduction in a particular biological variable or the function of an organ, in contrast to elevation.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

depression

  1. Genitive singular form of depressio.

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

depression c

  1. Geographical or psychological depression.