pitch

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English piċ, from Latin pīx. Cognate with Dutch pek, German Pech.

Noun[edit]

pitch (plural pitches)

  1. A sticky, gummy substance secreted by trees; sap.
    It is hard to get this pitch off of my hand.
  2. A dark, extremely viscous material remaining in still after distilling crude oil and tar.
    They put pitch on the mast to protect it. The barrel was sealed with pitch.
    It was pitch black because there was no moon.
  3. (geology) pitchstone
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

pitch (third-person singular simple present pitches, present participle pitching, simple past and past participle pitched)

  1. To cover or smear with pitch.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Bible, Genesis vi. 14 to this entry?)
  2. To darken; to blacken; to obscure.
    • Addison
      Soon he found / The welkin pitched with sullen cloud.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English pitch (to thrust in, fasten, settle), from Old English

Noun[edit]

pitch (plural pitches)

  1. A throw; a toss; a cast, as of something from the hand.
    a good pitch in quoits
  2. (baseball) The act of pitching a baseball.
    The pitch was low and inside.
  3. (sports) The field on which cricket, soccer, rugby or field hockey is played. In cricket, the pitch is in the centre of the field; see cricket pitch.
    The teams met on the pitch.
  4. An effort to sell or promote something.
    He gave me a sales pitch.
  5. The distance between evenly spaced objects, e.g. the teeth of a saw, the turns of a screw thread, or letters in a monospace font.
    The pitch of pixels on the point scale is 72 pixels per inch.
    The pitch of this saw is perfect for that type of wood.
  6. The angle at which an object sits.
    the pitch of the roof or haystack
  7. More specifically, the rotation angle about the transverse axis.
  8. A level or degree.
  9. (aviation) A measure of the degree to which an aircraft's nose tilts up or down.
    the pitch of an aircraft
  10. (aviation) A measure of the angle of attack of a propeller.
    the propellor blades' pitch
  11. (nautical) The measure of extent to which a nautical vessel rotates on its athwartships axis, causing its bow and stern to go up and down. Compare with roll, yaw and heave.
  12. The place where a busker performs.
  13. An area in a market (or similar) allocated to a particular trader.
  14. A point or peak; the extreme point or degree of elevation or depression; hence, a limit or bound.
  15. (climbing) A section of a climb or rock face; specifically, the climbing distance between belays or stances.
  16. (caving) A vertical cave passage, only negotiable by using rope or ladders.
    The entrance pitch requires 30 metres of rope.
  17. (now UK regional) A person or animal's height.
    • 1621, Robert Burton, The Anatomy of Melancholy, II.3.2:
      Alba the emperor was crook-backed, Epictetus lame; that great Alexander a little man of stature, Augustus Cæsar of the same pitch []
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Hudibras to this entry?)
  18. That point of the ground on which the ball pitches or lights when bowled.
  19. A descent; a fall; a thrusting down.
  20. The point where a declivity begins; hence, the declivity itself; a descending slope; the degree or rate of descent or slope; slant.
    a steep pitch in the road;  the pitch of a roof
  21. (mining) The limit of ground set to a miner who receives a share of the ore taken out.
  22. (engineering) The distance from centre to centre of any two adjacent teeth of gearing, measured on the pitch line; called also circular pitch.
  23. The length, measured along the axis, of a complete turn of the thread of a screw, or of the helical lines of the blades of a screw propeller.
  24. The distance between the centres of holes, as of rivet holes in boiler plates.
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

pitch (third-person singular simple present pitches, present participle pitching, simple past and past participle pitched)

  1. (transitive) To throw.
    He pitched the horseshoe.
  2. (transitive or intransitive, baseball) To throw (the ball) toward home plate.
    (transitive) The hurler pitched a curveball.
    (intransitive) He pitched high and inside.
  3. (intransitive, baseball) To play baseball in the position of pitcher.
    Bob pitches today.
  4. (transitive) To throw away; discard.
    He pitched the candy wrapper.
  5. (transitive) To promote, advertise, or attempt to sell.
    He pitched the idea for months with no takers.
  6. (transitive) To deliver in a certain tone or style, or with a certain audience in mind.
    At which level should I pitch my presentation?
  7. (transitive) To assemble or erect (a tent).
    Pitch the tent over there.
  8. (intransitive) To fix or place a tent or temporary habitation; to encamp.
    • Bible, Genesis xxxi. 25
      Laban with his brethren pitched in the Mount of Gilead.
  9. (transitive, intransitive, aviation or nautical) To move so that the front of an aircraft or ship goes alternatively up and down.
    (transitive) The typhoon pitched the deck of the ship.
    (intransitive) The airplane pitched.
  10. (transitive, golf) To play a short, high, lofty shot that lands with backspin.
    The only way to get on the green from here is to pitch the ball over the bunker.
  11. (intransitive, cricket) To bounce on the playing surface.
    The ball pitched well short of the batsman.
  12. (intransitive, Bristolian, of snow) To settle and build up, without melting.
  13. To alight; to settle; to come to rest from flight.
    • Mortimer
      the tree whereon they [the bees] pitch
  14. To fix one's choice; with on or upon.
    • Tillotson
      Pitch upon the best course of life, and custom will render it the more easy.
  15. To plunge or fall; especially, to fall forward; to decline or slope.
    to pitch from a precipice
    The vessel pitches in a heavy sea.
    The field pitches toward the east.
  16. To set, face, or pave with rubble or undressed stones, as an embankment or a roadway.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
  17. To set or fix, as a price or value.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
Translations[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Unknown

Noun[edit]

pitch (plural pitches)

  1. (music) The perceived frequency of a sound or note.
    The pitch of middle "C" is familiar to many musicians.
  2. (music) In an a cappella group, the singer responsible for singing a note for the other members to tune themselves by.
    Bob, our pitch, let out a clear middle "C" and our conductor gave the signal to start.
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

pitch (third-person singular simple present pitches, present participle pitching, simple past and past participle pitched)

  1. To produce a note of a given pitch.
  2. To fix or set the tone of.
    to pitch a tune
Quotations[edit]
Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 Oxford-Paravia Concise - Dizionario Inglese-Italiano e Italiano-Inglese (in collaborazione con Oxford University Press). Edited by Maria Cristina Bareggi. Torino: Paravia, 2003. ISBN 8839551107. Online version here