bitumen

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Latin bitūmen, from Gaulish[1] *bitu (compare Scottish Gaelic bìth ‘resin, gum’) and -ūmen from Latin ferūmen ‘cement, glue’.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bitumen (plural bitumina or bitumens)

  1. Mineral pitch; a black, tarry substance, burning with a bright flame; Jew’s pitch. It occurs as an abundant natural product in many places, as on the shores of the Dead and Caspian Seas. It is used in cements, in the construction of pavements, etc.
  2. By extension, any one of the natural hydrocarbons, including the hard, solid, brittle varieties called asphalt, the semisolid maltha and mineral tars, the oily petrolea, and even the light, volatile naphthas.
  3. (Canadian English) Canadian deposits of extremely heavy crude oil[1]

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ bitumen ex ea Galli excoquunt; Pliny, 16, 75.

See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Gaulish[1] *bitu (compare Scottish Gaelic bìth ‘resin, gum’) and -ūmen from Latin ferūmen ‘cement, glue’.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bitūmen n (genitive bitūminis); third declension

  1. mineral pitch, bitumen

Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative bitūmen bitūmina
genitive bitūminis bitūminum
dative bitūminī bitūminibus
accusative bitūmen bitūmina
ablative bitūmine bitūminibus
vocative bitūmen bitūmina

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ bitumen ex ea Galli excoquunt; Pliny, 16, 75.