camp

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See also: câmp, cAMP, and Camp

English[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English camp (battlefield, open space), from Old English camp (battle, contest, battlefield, open space), from Proto-Germanic *kampaz, *kampą (open field where military exercises are held, level plain), from Latin campus (open field, level plain), from Proto-Indo-European *kamp- (to bend; crooked). Reinforced circa 1520 by Middle French can, camp (place where an army lodges temporarily), from Old Northern French camp, from the same Latin source (whence also French champ from Old French). Cognate with Old High German champf (battle, struggle) (German Kampf), Old Norse kapp (battle), Old High German hamf (paralysed, maimed, mutilated).

The verb is from Middle English campen, from Old English campian, compian (to fight, war against), from Proto-Germanic *kampōną (to fight, do battle), from *kampaz (field, battlefield, battle), see above. Cognate with Dutch kampen, German kämpfen (to struggle), Danish kæmpe, Swedish kämpa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

camp (plural camps)

  1. (archaic) Conflict; battle.
  2. An outdoor place acting as temporary accommodation in tents or other temporary structures.
  3. An organised event, often taking place in tents or temporary accommodation.
  4. A base of a military group, not necessarily temporary.
  5. A single hut or shelter.
    a hunter's camp
  6. The company or body of persons encamped.
    • Macaulay
      The camp broke up with the confusion of a flight.
  7. A group of people with the same strong ideals or political leanings.
  8. (uncommon) campus
  9. (informal) A summer camp.
  10. (agriculture) A mound of earth in which potatoes and other vegetables are stored for protection against frost; called also burrow and pie.
  11. (UK, obsolete) An ancient game of football, played in some parts of England.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Halliwell to this entry?)
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

camp (third-person singular simple present camps, present participle camping, simple past and past participle camped)

  1. (intransitive, now chiefly dialectal) To fight; contend in battle or in any kind of contest; to strive with others in doing anything; compete.
  2. (intransitive, now chiefly dialectal) To wrangle; argue.
  3. To live in a tent or similar temporary accommodation.
    We're planning to camp in the field until Sunday.
  4. To set up a camp.
  5. (transitive) To afford rest or lodging for.
    • Shakespeare
      Had our great palace the capacity / To camp this host, we all would sup together.
  6. (video games) To stay in an advantageous location in a video game, such as next to a power-up's spawning point or in order to guard an area.
    The easiest way to win on this map is to camp the double damage.
    Go and camp the flag for the win.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Adjective[edit]

camp (not comparable)

  1. of or related to a camp
Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Believed to be from Polari, otherwise obscure.[1] Suggested origins include the 17th century French word camper, 'to put oneself in a pose',[2] an assumed English dialect word camp or kemp meaning 'rough' or 'uncouth' and a derivation from camp (n.)[3]

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Noun[edit]

camp (uncountable)

  1. An affected, exaggerated or intentionally tasteless style.
Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

camp (comparative camper, superlative campest)

  1. Theatrical; making exaggerated gestures.
  2. (of a man) Ostentatiously effeminate.
  3. Intentionally tasteless or vulgar, self-parodying.
Translations[edit]

Derived Terms[edit]

Statistics[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ listed in the Oxford English Dictionary [2nd Ed.; 1989]
  2. ^ Douglas Harper, "camp (adj.)" in: Etymonline.com - Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001ff
  3. ^ Micheal Quinion, "Camp" in: World Wide Words, 2003

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin campus.

Noun[edit]

camp m (plural camps)

  1. field (open area of land)
  2. camp (temporary outdoor accomodation)
  3. field of study, discipline
  4. (physics) field

Synonyms[edit]

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French[edit]

camp militaire pendant la guerre de 1914-18.

Etymology 1[edit]

Probably from a Norman or Picard word equivalent to French champ (itself inherited from Old French champ and Latin), from Old Northern French camp, from Latin campus, or alternatively from Occitan, Old Provençal camp, possibly borrowed from Italian campo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

camp m (plural camps)

  1. camp (An outdoor place acting as temporary accommodation in tents or other temporary structures.)
    Il a dressé son camp de l'autre côté de la rivière.
  2. camp (Semi-temporary accommodation)
    Un camp de concentration.
  3. camp (A base of a military group, not necessarily temporary)
    Les camps ennemis.
  4. camp (A group of people with the same ideals or political leanings, strongly supported.)
    Ce pays est partagé en deux camps.
  5. camp, summer camp.
    Un camp de vacances.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

très camp!

English camp.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kɑ̃mp/, /kɑ̃p/

Adjective[edit]

camp (invariable)

  1. camp (Intentionally tasteless or vulgar, self-parodying, affected, exaggerated)
    Une folle camp ne peut jamais en faire trop.

Noun[edit]

camp m (uncountable)

  1. campness; An affected, exaggerated or intentionally tasteless style.
    La tactique des Sœurs dans la lutte contre le sida repose sur une stratégie politique : une utilisation du camp, une réappropriation revendiquée de l’efféminement, de la visibilité homosexuelle et de la follitude qui visent à désarmer les injonctions morales pesant sur la sexualité – sociales, religieuses, liées au sexe, au genre, aux pratiques sexuelles…
Synonyms[edit]

External links[edit]


Guernésiais[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French (Old Northern French) camp, from Latin campus, from Proto-Indo-European *kamp- (to bend; crooked). Compare French champ.

Noun[edit]

camp m (plural camps)

  1. field

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin campus.

Noun[edit]

camp ?

  1. combat

Noun[edit]

camp n

  1. an enclosed piece of land

Old French[edit]

Le camp du drap d'or.

Etymology[edit]

Found in Old Northern French, Picard and Norman dialects, etc. From Latin campus.

Noun[edit]

camp m (oblique plural cans, nominative singular cans, nominative plural camp)

  1. camp.
  2. Alternative form of champ

Descendants[edit]