sap

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See also: sáp, sắp, sập, s.ap., sæp, and SAP

English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English sæp, from Proto-Germanic *sapōn (cf. East Frisian/Dutch sap, German Saft, Icelandic safi), from Proto-Indo-European *sab-, Proto-Indo-European *sap- (cf. Welsh sybwydd 'fir', Latin sapa (must, new wine), Russian сопли (sópli, snivel), Armenian համ (ham, juice, taste), Avestan višāpa 'having poisonous juices'[script?], Sanskrit sabar 'juice, nectar'[Devanagari?]), from *sap 'to taste'. More at sage.

Noun[edit]

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sap (countable and uncountable, plural saps)

  1. (uncountable) The juice of plants of any kind, especially the ascending and descending juices or circulating fluid essential to nutrition.
  2. (uncountable) The sap-wood, or alburnum, of a tree.
  3. (slang, countable) A simpleton; a saphead; a milksop; a naive person.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably from sapling.

Noun[edit]

sap (plural saps)

  1. (countable, US, slang) A short wooden club; a leather-covered hand weapon; a blackjack.
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Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

sap (third-person singular simple present saps, present participle sapping, simple past and past participle sapped)

  1. (transitive, slang) To strike with a sap (with a blackjack).
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From French saper (compare Spanish zapar and Italian zappare) from sape (sort of scythe), from Late Latin sappa (sort of mattock).

Noun[edit]

sap (plural saps)

  1. (military) A narrow ditch or trench made from the foremost parallel toward the glacis or covert way of a besieged place by digging under cover of gabions, etc.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

sap (third-person singular simple present saps, present participle sapping, simple past and past participle sapped)

  1. (transitive) To subvert by digging or wearing away; to mine; to undermine; to destroy the foundation of.
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Dryden
      Nor safe their dwellings were, for sapped by floods, / Their houses fell upon their household gods.
  2. (transitive, military) To pierce with saps.
  3. To make unstable or infirm; to unsettle; to weaken.
  4. (transitive) To gradually weaken.
    • to sap one’s conscience
  5. (intransitive) To proceed by mining, or by secretly undermining; to execute saps — 12
    • (Can we date this quote?) The Tatler
      Both assaults carried on by sapping.
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sap

  1. Third-person singular present indicative form of saber.

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch sap. Cognate to English sap and German Saft (from Old High German saf).[1]

Noun[edit]

sap n (plural sappen, diminutive sapje n)

  1. sap (fluid in plants)
  2. juice

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ J. de Vries & F. de Tollenaere, "Etymologisch Woordenboek", Uitgeverij Het Spectrum, Utrecht, 1986 (14de druk)

Anagrams[edit]


Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

sap

  1. rafsi of sampu.

Romani[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit सर्प (sarpá, snake).

Noun[edit]

sap m

  1. snake

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Turkic sap, from Proto-Turkic.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sap

  1. shaft

Volapük[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin sapiō ("I am wise").

Noun[edit]

sap

  1. wisdom